Phototrophs vs. Chemotrophs

The main difference between phototrophs and chemotrophs is that phototrophs are the group of organisms that use energy from sunlight to produce ATP to bring out cellular functions whereas chemotrophs are organisms that acquire energy from chemical oxidation or the chemosynthesis. Phototrophs are the organisms that consume sunlight as their energy source to bring out […]

Epithelial Tissues vs. Connective Tissues

The main difference between epithelial tissues and connective tissues is that epithelial tissues are located just below the basement membrane whereas connective tissues are found all over the body. There are four basic types of tissues that combine to make the whole body of an organism, i.e., Muscles, nervous, epithelial and connective tissues. Epithelial tissues […]

Actin vs. Myosin

The main difference between actin and myosin is that actin protein is the leading supplier of the contractile property of muscle and other cells whereas myosin is working as a motor, hydrolyzing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to discharge energy in such a way that a myosin filament moves along an actin filament, initiating the two threads […]

Ecosystem vs. Community

The main difference between ecosystem and community is that ecosystem consists of living, and nonliving things of an environment and interaction between them whereas community are the interaction between different species living at the same geographical area at the same time. Our earth consists of a large number of nonliving and living things. These things […]

Centipede vs. Millipede

The main difference between a centipede and millipede is the position of their legs. The legs of centipedes spread away from the body while that of millipedes point down to the ground. In centipedes, there is one pair of legs on each segment of their body while there are two pairs on each segment in […]

Crab vs. Lobster

The main difference between the crab and lobster is the shape of their exoskeleton. The crab has a smaller circular exoskeleton, and the lobster is larger and longer. Crab and lobster are the marine invertebrates belonging to the group of crustaceans. Crabs belong to infraorder Brachyura family. Lobsters belong to the Nephropidae or Homaridae families. […]

Taxis vs. Kinesis

The main difference between taxis and kinesis is that taxis refers to a specific and directional motion whereas kinesis refers to random and wandering motion. Taxis and kinesis are usually present in the behavior of animals and insects around us. Taxis refers to a specific and directional motion while kinesis is random and undirected motion. […]

Mold vs. Fungus

The main difference between Mold and Fungus is that Mold is a superficial often woolly growth produced on moist or decaying organic matter or living organisms by a fungus whereas Fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that comprises microorganisms such as yeasts and mushrooms. Mold is a fungus that cultivates in […]

Dominant Gene vs. Recessive Gene

The main difference between the dominant gene and recessive gene is that the dominant gene is that which masks the expression of the other trait while the recessive gene is that which is hidden by the dominant gene. A dominant gene is a type of gene which dominates in the inheritance pattern and masks the […]

Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis

The main difference between osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis is that in osteoarthritis smooth cartilage joint surface breaks down whereas in Rheumatoid arthritis synovial membrane of joint breaks down. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage of the bones wears away, and bones rub against other bones ultimately leads to joint damage and cause pain whereas Rheumatoid arthritis causes […]

Phytoplankton vs. Zooplankton

The main difference between Phytoplanktons and Zooplankton is that Phytoplanktons are a photosynthetic, microscopic organisms live in rivers, lakes, freshwater, and streams whereas Zooplanktons are small aquatic animals that also live in water bodies, but they cannot make their own food, and they are dependent on phytoplankton. Phytoplanktons are in fact plants while zooplanktons are […]

Enhancer vs. Promoter

The main difference between Enhancer and Promoter is that Enhancer is a short region of DNA that can bound by proteins (activators) to increase the possibility of transcription of a particular gene whereas promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a specific gene. The enhancer is a short region of DNA that […]

Urine vs. Filtrate

The main difference between urine and filtrate is that urine is waste liquid excreted through urethra whereas filtrate is the liquid formed during the formation of urine. Water is the major constituent of urine forming almost 95% of urine, and the remaining part is composed of other organic and inorganic constituents. Other constituents are urea […]

Polyps vs. Fibroids

The main difference between the polyps and fibroids is that polyps are abnormal soft tissues outgrowths developed inside the uterus on the other side fibroids are unusual tumors that found in the female reproductive systems. Polyps are the outgrowths of the endometrial tissues lining the uterus whereas fibroids are the growth of muscle tissues and […]

Apical Meristem vs. Lateral Meristem

The main difference between apical meristem and lateral meristem is that apical meristem discusses a meristem at the apex of a plant root or shoot that produces auxin and initiate the shoot or root to increase in length. Whereas lateral meristem refers to a meristem that is organizing in parallel to the sides of an […]

Parasite vs. Saprophyte

The main difference between parasite and saprophyte is that parasite lives on another organism whereas saprophyte is an organism that uses decomposing matter as a food source. The parasite is an organism which depends on other organisms for its nourishment and growth, and that organism is called the host. Saprophyte is an organism which depends […]

Mutation vs. Variation

The main difference between mutation and variation is that mutation is the changes in the nucleotide sequence at DNR level whereas variation is how an individual of species is different from another individual. A mutation is a change that happens in the genome (genetic makeup) of an individual organism. Mutation can be spontaneous. They occur […]

Exergonic Reactions vs. Endergonic Reactions

The main difference between exergonic and endergonic reaction is that exergonic reaction is spontaneous reaction whereas endergonic reaction is a non-spontaneous reaction Exergonic is a favorable chemical reaction that has a negative Gibbs free energy. It indicates that an exergonic reaction is a spontaneous reaction since in this reaction Gibbs energy has a negative value. […]

Centrosome vs. Centriole

The main difference between the centrosome and centriole is that centrosome is an organelle present in the cytoplasm whereas centriole is the microtubule unit which is involved in the formation of spindle apparatus during the cell division. Centrosomes are made of centrioles and present in the cytoplasm while centrioles are formed of microtubules and present […]

Uvula vs. Epiglottis

The main difference between uvula and epiglottis is that uvula is a piece of flesh that hangs at the back of throat whereas epiglottis is a leaf-shaped cartilaginous flap that is present on the border of the glottis. The uvula is a wedge-shaped bag-like structure made of connective tissues whereas epiglottis is a leaf-shaped cartilaginous […]

Zygote vs. Fetus

The main difference between the zygote and fetus is that zygote is the initial stage of prenatal development which promotes the cell division while the fetus is the final stage of prenatal development which supports the development of organs. A zygote is a fertilized egg formed after the fusion of male sperm with the female […]

Algae vs. Moss

The main difference between the Algae and Moss is that an Algae is mainly a single cell plant, collected together and grow in cluster form while Moss is a tiny plant found on land and known as the bryophyte. Algae are mainly water living plants while mosses are mostly terrestrial plants. Algae study is called […]

Sister Chromatids vs. Non-Sister Chromatids

The main difference between sister chromatids and non-sister chromatid is that sister chromatid discusses the identical copies form by the DNA replication of a chromosome when both copies join together by a common centromere whereas non-sister chromatid refers to either one of the two chromatids of pair homologous chromosomes. Sister chromatids are the two same […]

Mutualism vs. Commensalism

The main difference between the mutualism and commensalism is that mutualism is that Form of the symbiotic relationship between two or more organisms where they all get benefit while commensalism is the type of relationship between two or more organisms, but only one gets benefits, and the other is unharmed. Mutualism is that type of […]

Centromere vs. Kinetochore

The main difference between centromeres and kinetochore is that centromere is the section of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the spindle assign, through kinetochore, in cell division. Whereas kinetochore is a complex of proteins link with the centromere of a chromosome in a cell division to which the microtubules of the spindle attach. […]

Mitochondria vs. Plastids

The main difference between the mitochondria and plastids is that the mitochondria is a double membranous and containing fluid-filled sac organelle that helps in energy production and cell respiration whereas plastids are a double membrane and fluid-filled organelle present only in plants which involve in photosynthesis and storage of food. Mitochondria are involved in cell […]

Gamete vs. Genotype

The main difference between gamete and genotype is that gamete is a sex cell on the other hand genotype is the genetic makeup of the cell. Gametes are the sex cells which are of two types’ male sex cell known as sperm and female sex cell known as ova or egg. Sperms are found in […]

Ketosis vs. Ketoacidosis

The main difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis is that ketosis is a metabolic state whereas ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes it occurs when one’s body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. A low carbohydrate diet is a trigger of ketosis whereas poor diabetes management is a leading trigger of ketoacidosis. Other triggers […]

Meningitis vs. Encephalitis

The main difference between meningitis and encephalitis is that the meningitis is the inflammation of brain membranes whereas encephalitis is the acute inflammation of the brain parenchyma. Meningitis is the swelling of the membranes (meninges) coverings around the brain, and spinal cord while Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain. In meningitis, symptoms are a […]