CBD vs. CBN
CBD vs. CBN
Cannabis has numerous cannabinoids, of which tetrahydrocannabinol (TH), Cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). CBD is the precursor of the THC whereas CBN is the metabolite of THC. CBD is known as a non-psychoactive healing agent whereas CBN is a mildly psychoactive agent. CBD is formed when THC breaks down. When the plant is decarboxylated, heat breaks the molecules which are responsible for the acid molecules integrity, and as a result, CBD has obtained. CBN is also obtained from THC when THC is broken down due to UV light exposure and oxygenation.
CBD and CBN interact with the human endocannabinoid system in different ways. CBD exhibits a little affinity to the CB1 and CB2 receptors which are found in the nervous and immune systems. CBN has a weak affinity to both receptors, but more research is needed to get a clear picture. CBD and CBN are also different from each other in benefits. CBD is not beneficial for the people with sleep problems at low doses so people need a high dose, e.g. 160 mg whereas CBN is very seductive in nature and its small quantity 2.5 mg can cause seductive effect. CBD is an appetite stimulant whereas CBN can suppress appetite in order to reduce obesity. Low doses (40 mg) of CBD are effective to reduce pressure which causes glaucoma whereas CBN is also effective against glaucoma in very small doses. CBD does not cause a feeling of elation whereas CBN produces a feeling of elation.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol is a chemical of the plant cannabis which is also known as marijuana. Almost 80 chemicals have been extracted from cannabis which is called cannabinoids. Among them, Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol is the major active ingredient and CBD makes up almost 40% of cannabis extract. It has numerous uses as a drug. Some commercial products of dietary supplements contain Cannabidiol. People take CBD by mouth for anxiety, schizophrenia, Parkinsonism disease, bipolar disease, dystonia, seizures, and multiple sclerosis. People also use Cannabinol to quit smoking through inhalation.
How does it work?
CBD has antipsychotic effects. But the exact cause of these effects is not clear. It seems to prevent the breakdown of a chemical in the brain that affects mood, pain and mental function. It reduces psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia by breaking off this chemical and enhancing the level in the blood. Cannabidiol might also block a few psychotic effects of THC. It also reduces anxiety and pain.
What is CBN?
Cannabinol or CBN comes from THC. It is a cannabinoid that forms upon the oxygenation, UV light exposure and decomposition of THC. It is most commonly found in aged cannabis plants and rarely on the flowering plant of hemp. A live flowery plant does not contain CBN; it comes on aging. This is also used as a drug. CBN is effective for pain relief as it alters the pain signals that are sent to the brain by the neurons. Its antibacterial use comprises the fighting with MRSA bacteria. It is an infection in which antibiotics are resistant to antibiotics. As it is the byproduct of THC, it has potent anticonvulsive properties. It is currently used as a sedative compound that can help people who suffer from conditions such as anxiety and insomnia disorder. CBN gathers and modulates mesenchymal stem cells and in this way proves effective cannabinoid in creating bone tissues and healing bone fractures. Although it is harmful, all cannabinoids have some side effects in overdose. CBN has tiredness, dizziness, drowsiness, and loss of appetite as unwanted effects. These side effects can be avoided by careful measuring of dose and starting slow.
How does it work?
Cannabinoids are effective in multiple mechanisms of action or pathways. CBN produces a beneficial effect because they can activate multiple biological pathways at once. It may also produce a wider variety of effects through channels separate from CB1 and CB2 receptors.