Ketosis vs. Ketoacidosis

The main difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis is that ketosis is a metabolic state whereas ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes it occurs when one’s body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. A low carbohydrate diet is a trigger of ketosis whereas poor diabetes management is a leading trigger of ketoacidosis. Other triggers […]

Meningitis vs. Encephalitis

The main difference between meningitis and encephalitis is that the meningitis is the inflammation of brain membranes whereas encephalitis is the acute inflammation of the brain parenchyma. Meningitis is the swelling of the membranes (meninges) coverings around the brain, and spinal cord while Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain. In meningitis, symptoms are a […]

Diarrhea vs. Dysentery

The main difference between diarrhea and dysentery is that diarrhea is the disease of small intestine whereas dysentery is the disease of the colon. Diarrhea is characterized as abnormally loose or watery stools with inflammation of small intestine whereas dysentery is described by mucus or blood in stool with abdominal pain and cramps because of […]

Thyroid vs. Parathyroid

The main difference between the thyroid and parathyroid gland is that a thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped vascular organ that is located in the neck on the other hand parathyroid glands are actually four small glands of the endocrine system also present in the neck behind the thyroid gland and regulate the calcium in our […]

Genus vs. Species

The main difference between Genus and Species is that Genus is a rank in the classification of the organism, below Family and above Species, and Species is the taxonomic unit, ranking below a Genus. A species is a group of populations in which genes are exchanged through the way of interbreeding or matting. Genus and […]

Endotoxin vs. Exotoxin

The main difference between endotoxin and exotoxin is that endotoxin is lipopolysaccharides protein complexes which are the structural component of the cell wall of bacteria whereas exotoxin is the protein secreted by the specific bacteria. Endotoxins are the lipopolysaccharides that are an integral part of the cell membrane of the gram-negative bacteria and become toxin […]

Acute Disease vs. Chronic Disease

The main difference between acute disease and chronic disease is that the medical condition which takes place instantly and lasts for a short period is called acute disease while the medical condition in which the disease occurs slowly but continues for an extended period is called chronic disease. But sometimes an acute disease may changes […]

Pest vs. Insect

The main difference between pest and insect is that pest is a destructive creature for the crops and livestock whereas insect is a small creature which may or may not be harmful. A pest is an animal or plant which has a harmful effect on humans their food or their living conditions while insects are […]

Flora vs. Fauna

The main difference between Flora and Fauna is that Flora refers the study of the plant’s life existing in a precise area or constituency; however, fauna discusses the study of an animal’s life living in any geographical or geological period or range. Flora is the term used for plant life, and Fauna is the term […]

E. Coli vs. Klebsiella

The main difference between E Coli and Klebsiella is that E. Coli is a rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Escherichia whereas Klebsiella is the genus of the rod-shaped bacteria. E.coli is a rod-shaped, a facultative anaerobic, gram-negative and nonsporulating bacterium of the genus Escherichia with family Enterobacteriaceae whereas Klebsiella is a genus of rod-shaped, gram-negative […]

Cytoplasm vs. Cytoskeleton

The main difference between cytoplasm and cytoskeleton is that the cytoplasm is the thick, jelly-like fluid in which the cellular components and organelles are embedded in conversely cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance in which all the cell organelles embedded in while cytoskeleton […]

Germ Cells vs. Somatic Cells

The main difference between Germ cells and Somatic Cells is that germ cells create the reproductive cells of a new individual by half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell. Somatic cells are a regular type of cells of a living organism other than the reproductive cells (germ cells). Germ cells refer to a […]

Egestion vs. Excretion

The main difference between Egestion and Excretion is that Egestion is the discharge of undigested food material from the body of living organisms, whereas Excretion is the discharge of metabolic waste from cell formed by chemical reaction of the body, such as in sweat, urine, etc. Egestion is the passing out of undigested material from […]

Tissue vs. Organ

The main difference between tissue and organ is that the tissue is the group of cells that perform a similar function while the organ is the group of tissues that perform a similar function. There is a great diversity of life that exists on earth but, the cell is known as the basic structural and […]

Myopia vs. Hyperopia

The main difference between Myopia and Hyperopia is that Myopia is a condition of the eye in which a person cannot see the far away things also known as short-sightedness. While in the case of Hyperopia condition, a person cannot see the near objects also known as long-sightedness. The common eye problems are myopia or […]

Mitochondria vs. Chloroplast

The main difference between mitochondria and chloroplast is that mitochondria are the organelle that is responsible for energy metabolism and cellular respiration while chloroplast is responsible for photosynthesis. The cell is known as the structural and functional unit of life. It is further composed of different type and number of organelles according to the type […]

Cyst vs. Tumor

The main difference between cyst and tumor is that a cyst is a sac that is filled with a fluid or air etc. while a tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue. There is a large number of diseases that humans are facing due to multiple causes. Cyst and tumor both are also widespread problems […]

Invertebrates vs. Vertebrates

The main difference between invertebrates and vertebrates is that invertebrates do not have the backbone with the spinal cord, but in the case of vertebrates animals have a well developed internal skeleton of cartilage and bone. Animals are divided into two major groups, one is the invertebrates, and the other one is vertebrates. Invertebrates are […]

Internal Fertilization vs. External Fertilization

The key difference between internal fertilization and external fertilization is that in internal fertilization, a fusion of male and female gametes or fertilization takes place inside the body while in external fertilization fusion of gametes or fertilization takes place outside the body of the organism. Fertilization is the most important step in sexual reproduction. Fertilization […]

Turner Syndrome vs. Klinefelter Syndrome

The main difference between Turner Syndrome and Klinefelter Syndrome is that Turner Syndrome is the change in the genetic chromosomes in females while a Klinefelter Syndrome is a change in ancestral chromosomes in men. Turner syndrome is the genetic abnormality of females while Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic abnormality of men. Turner syndrome was discovered […]

Bacteria vs. Fungi

The key difference between bacteria and fungi is that bacteria is a prokaryotic unicellular organism while fungi is a eukaryotic multicellular organism. All the organisms that are found on earth are broadly classified into two main types, i.e., prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prokaryotes are the primitive type of microorganisms that are single-celled and lack membrane-bounded organelles […]

Parallel Venation vs. Reticulate Venation

The key difference between parallel venation and reticulate venation is that in parallel venation veins are parallel arranged in a leaf while in reticulate venation veins are in the web like structure. A well-developed transport system is a basic need for multicellular organisms. Like other organisms, plants have a transport system in the form of […]

Pollination vs. Fertilization

The main difference between pollination and fertilization is that pollination is the transfer of pollen from one flower to another while fertilization involves the fusion of male and female gametes of plants. Like all other organisms, plants can also reproduce sexually. To increase their population size and to transfer their characters from one generation to […]

T Cells vs. B Cells

The key difference between T Cells and B Cells is that T Cells are involved in the cell-mediated immunity (CMI), but B cells are involved in antibody-mediated immunity (AMI) or humoral-mediated immunity. Our body has a self-defense system known as the immune system. When any foreign body or particles like bacteria virus etc. attacks on […]

Plasma Membrane vs. Cell Wall

The key difference between the plasma membrane and cell wall is that the plasma membrane is present in almost all type of cells while the cell wall is present in plant cells, bacteria, fungi and algae. The cell is a structural and functional unit of life. It is made up of many organelles which have […]

Convergent Evolution vs. Divergent Evolution

The key difference between convergent evolution and divergent evolution is that the convergent evolution is a type of evolution in which two or more different species evolve similar characteristics while divergent evolution is a type of evolution in which a specie diverges into multiple different species. There is a large number of species that exist […]

Haemoglobin vs. Myoglobin

The key difference between haemoglobin and myoglobin is that haemoglobin is a globin protein that transfers oxygen to all parts of the organism’s body while myoglobin is a globin protein that transfers oxygen to muscle cells only. Respiration is a fundamental process of life. Almost every organism requires the transportation of oxygen to all the […]

Heterotroph vs. Autotroph

The key difference between heterotrophs and autotrophs is that the heterotrophs are the organisms that cannot create their own food and depend on the organic matter produced by other organisms while autotrophs are the organisms that can make their own food. Every organism in this universe has its own importance. There are different ways to […]