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Difference Between Camouflage and Mimicry

Main Difference

The main difference between Camouflage and Mimicry is that Camouflage is a coloration tactic to being hidden or protected, whereas Mimicry is mainly a method to confuse other animals.

Camouflage vs. Mimicry

Camouflage is referred to as an adaptation that permits an animal to blend according to its surroundings by using a specific type of coloration or pattern. On the other hand, Mimicry is referred to as an ability of specie to copy the physiological and as well as morphological behaviors and characteristics of some dissimilar organisms. The Camouflage animals resemble precisely to their environment; on the contrary, the Mimicry animals primarily resemble other animals.

The characteristics include in Camouflage are morphological characteristics; on its flip side, the characteristics present in Mimicry are physiological, morphological, and some behavioral characteristics. The essential purpose of Camouflage is to hide in the environment, while in its comparison, the principal purpose of Mimicry is that it allows the animal to avoid predators.

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The Camouflage mainly takes place in animals; on the other hand, the Mimicry takes place in both plants and animals. The three types of Camouflage are disruptive coloration, concealing coloration, and disguise; while on its flip side, some consequential types of Mimicry are Müllerian Mimicry, Aggressive Mimicry, Mertensian Mimicry, and Batesian Mimicry.

Camouflage usually sometimes helps in hiding the animal; on the contrary, Mimicry generally never hides the plant or animal from its predator. Camouflage does not contain any hidden danger towards the consumer of a specific animal; at the same time, Mimicry does not help in hiding, so they always contain a hidden danger towards the consumer. Some examples of Camouflage are stick error, polar bear, chameleon, while many examples of Mimicry are some butterflies, fake orchids, and some orchids.

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Comparison Chart

CamouflageMimicry
The ability of an organism or a specie to be mixed up with the surrounding environment is known as Camouflage.The adaptation of an organism to copy the specific characteristics or some behaviors of other animals is known as Mimicry.
Referred to As
An adaptation that permits an animal to blend according to its surrounding by using a specific type of coloration or patternAn ability of specie to copy the physiological and as well as morphological behaviors and characteristics of some dissimilar organisms
Resemblance
Resemble precisely to their environmentPrimarily resemble other animals
Characteristics
The characteristics includes are only morphological characteristicsThe characteristics present are physiological, morphological, and some behavioral characteristics
Purpose
The essential purpose is to hide in the environmentThe principal purpose is that it allows the animal to avoid predators.
Occurrence
Mainly takes place in animalsTakes place in both plants and animals
Types
The three types are disruptive coloration, concealing coloration, and disguiseSome essential types are müllerian Mimicry, aggressive Mimicry, mertensian Mimicry, and Batesian Mimicry
Hiding
Sometimes help in hiding the animalGenerally never hides the plant or animal from its predator
Hidden Danger
Helps in hiding so does not contain any hidden danger towards the consumer of a specific animalDoes not help in hiding, so they always contain a hidden danger towards the consumer
Examples
Some examples of Camouflage are stick error, polar bear, and chameleonMany examples of Mimicry are some butterflies, fake orchids, and some orchids
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What is Camouflage?

The evolutionary adaptation that allows animals explicitly to merge in its surrounding environment by using a kind of pattern and coloration is called Camouflage. Camouflage is also known as Crypsis. Through the process of camouflaging, either the animal hides from the consumer or predator, or at the same time, the predators can cover themselves when they follow their prey.

The Camouflage mainly takes place in animals, and it sometimes helps in hiding the animal. Camouflage does not contain any hidden danger towards the consumer of a specific animal. Some examples of Camouflage are stick error, polar bear, chameleon.

Types of Camouflage

  • Concealing Coloration: In this type, the animal contains fixed pattern colors that blend with the surrounding. The examples are stonefish, marine fish, which look like seabed.
  • Disruptive Coloration: This type of Camouflage contains spots, strips, and many other patterns that are splitting up the framework of the shape of an animal. The example is a leopard.
  • Disguise: In this type, the organism seems like something other in the environment. The example is many insects that disguise themselves as the shape of leaves.

What is Mimicry?

The similarity of an organism to another organism in behavior or in physical appearance to protect itself from its predators is known as Mimicry. In Mimicry, the mimic animal resembles the model organism.

Mimicry contains two main types, which include Defensive and non-defensive Mimicry: the defensive Mimicry contains three further types, which are Batesian Mimicry, Müllerian Mimicry, and Mertensian Mimicry. In contrast, the non-defensive Mimicry contains Aggressive Mimicry.

Types of Mimicry

  • Defensive Mimicry: This type of Mimicry helps to protect from predators. Three types of defensive Mimicry are:
  • Batesian Mimicry: This Mimicry is the showing of harmful and unpleasant features from a harmless and palatable animal. This type saves the mimicry animal from its predator. Its example is a non-poisonous scarlet snake mimicking the poisonous coral snake.
  • Müllerian Mimicry: This Mimicry is the showing of similar features from two unpleasant and harmful organisms to have the advantage of the same protection.
  • Mertensian Mimicry: It is the exhibition of less harmful features from deadly organisms.
  • Non-Defensive Mimicry: This type is used by predators for being unobserved from their prey. Its type is Aggressive Mimicry in which predators have the same signals with the use of a pure ideal.

Key Differences

  1. Camouflage is known as an adaptation that primarily permits an animal to merge with the surrounding environment by using a specific type of pattern or coloration; on the other hand, Mimicry is known as a talent of an organism to copy the physiological and as well as some morphological appearances and also some kind of behavior of distinct organisms.
  2. The Camouflage animals usually resemble their surrounding environment; on its contrary, the Mimicry animals specifically resemble other animals.
  3. Only animals contain camouflage ability, while on its flip side, both plants and animals consist of Mimicry.
  4. The specific purpose of Camouflage is to hide from their environment; at the same time, the primary purpose of Mimicry is to avoid predators and consumers.
  5. The morphological characteristics are present in Camouflage; Mimicry, on the other hand, contains physiological, morphological, and many behavioral characteristics.
  6. Disruptive coloration, concealing coloration, and disguise are the three types of Camouflage, while on its flip side, Müllerian Mimicry, Aggressive Mimicry, Mertensian Mimicry, and Batesian Mimicry are some essential types of Mimicry.
  7. As camouflage animals can sometimes easily hide from their predator, so they do not contain any hiding danger; at the same time, Mimicry animals cannot hide in their environment, so they contain hiding danger.
  8. Some examples of Camouflage are given as stick error, polar bear, and chameleon, while many examples of Mimicry are some butterflies, fake orchids, and some orchids

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that the Camouflage contains a type of coloration tactic to being hidden or protected. In contrast, Mimicry is mainly a method to confuse other animals by copying other animals.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White