Biology

Difference Between Bamboo and Cane

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Main Difference

The main difference between the Bamboo and Cane is that Bamboo is a grass that is tall, hollow, with the absence of secondary growth, whereas Cane is the grass that is tall, flexible, and woody stem.

Bamboo vs. Cane

The word “Bamboo” has been originated from the Malay origin through Dutch or Portuguese languages; on the other hand, the word “cane” has been originated from the Akkadian origin from the word “qanu” meaning tube through the old French cane.

Bamboo is a grass that belongs to Bambusa genera of the Poaceae family, whereas cane is also a grass that belongs to two genera of Poaceae family as Arundo and Arundinaria. Bamboo is taller and commonly grows in the South Asian countries and exhibits the diversity of more than 1462 species and 115 genera, which are known; on the flip side, the cane is native to Western and Southern America.

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Bamboo is one of the grass that belongs to the Poaceae family gives rise to tallest grasses such as giant bamboos, while the cane is the grass that also belongs to the Poaceae family gives rise to flexible, woody stalked grasses. Bamboos are found to exists in the warm, tropical, and temperate regions giving stems of geographical significance, whereas cane is found to exists in the South and West America in different temperate regions.

Bamboos are widely being used in the building material, livestock feeder, food, and in paper making; on the other side, the cane is used in the decorative applications such as furniture, chairs, baskets, and most commonly for walking sticks.

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Comparison Chart

BambooCane
Bamboo is the perennial plant that is an angiosperm and hollow tube with the absence of secondary growth and dicotyledonous woody xylem.Cane is the perennial plant that has flexible and woody stem originated from one of the two of the genera of Poaceae family that are Arundo and Arundinaria
Family
Poaceae familyOne of the two genera of the Poaceae family
Origin
Malay through Dutch or PortugueseAkkadian through French
Occurrence
South AsiaWest and South America
Examples
Giant Bamboos, Bamboo blossom, Bambusa vulgarisSwitch cane, Giant cane
Uses
Building materials, food, raw material, paper-makingFurniture, baskets, walking sticks, roof making

What is Bamboo?

Bamboo belongs to the grass family of plants Poaceae family. It is a perennial plant that lives for more than two years. It is angiosperm. The word “Bamboo” has been originated from the Malay origin through the Dutch or Portuguese languages. They are native to South Asian countries in the climate of warm and moist tropical to the temperate regions of the Earth. They are also known to found in the cold mountainous to highland forests. The presence of the Bracteate feature, which is the association of reproductive structure with the modified leaf, has made it the ancient and primitive grass.

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Bamboo has the vascular bundles in scattered form in stem with no growth rings and sapwood. The internodal regions in the stem are hollow as in some other grasses. In the inflorescence, three spikelets, three stigmata, and six stamens are present. They are considered to be the fastest-growing plants as they can grow at a rate of 36 inches per day like Giant Bamboos are the tallest grass plants. Secondary growth and dicotyledonous woody xylem are absent in bamboos. Bamboos serve as the building material, food (as seeds and young shoots), and raw material (for livestock feeder), and paper-making commonly. Based on geographical importance, they have been classified into tribes.

Tribes of Bamboo

  • Herbaceous Bamboos: They are herbaceous and don’t have a woody stem.
  • Tropical Woody Bamboos: They include woody bamboos from the tropical regions such as giant bamboos as well.
  • Temperate Woody Bamboos: They are woody bamboos from warm temperate regions.

What is Cane?

Cane is also a perennial plant like bamboo and is grass. Cane is somewhat flexible and woody stems. It is obtained after peeling the vine. The word cane has originated from the Akkadian origin as a “qanu” meaning tube or reed through the old French cane meaning “sugarcane.” The cane belongs to one of the two genera of the Poaceae family that are Arundo and Arundinaria.

Cane is like hard stem tule that is native to North America, found in Western and Southern America. The word cane describes the different terms such as baskets of North America, furniture of wicker, cane working, etc. The examples of cane include the Switch cane and Giant cane.

Applications

Cane has found broader applications depending on the strength of cane, in various fields. In older times, it was used for baskets, furniture, roofs making. Now, the cane is commonly used in the making of walking sticks and crutches. In modern applications, it is useful for making differently designed chairs, tables, and a variety of furniture in houses, offices, and at various places.

Key Differences

  1. Bamboo is the genera of the Poaceae family, whereas cane is one of two genera of the Poaceae.
  2. Bamboo has been originated from the Malay origin through the Dutch or Portuguese origin; on the other hand, the cane has been originated from the Akkadian origin through the old French word “qanu” meaning sugarcane.
  3. Bamboo is a long, hollow stem with scattered vascular bundles, while the cane is a long, flexible, and woody stem.
  4. Bamboo is native in the South Asian countries commonly; on the flip side of the coin, the cane is native to Western and Southern America.
  5. Bamboo includes three tribes based on the geographical significance as herbaceous bamboos, tropical woody bamboos, and temperate woody bamboos, whereas cane does not include the geographical tribes.
  6. Bamboos have broader applications in the building material, food, raw material, and paper-making; on the other side, the cane is used in the furniture, walking sticks, crutches, roof makings, and baskets.
  7. Bamboos include the Giant bamboos, Bambusa vulgaris, bamboo blossom, etc., while cane includes the switch cane and giant cane, etc.

Conclusion

Bamboo is long, hollow, perennial, angiosperms with scattered vascular bundles, whereas cane is the perennial, long, flexible, and woody stem, both are belonging to Poaceae family.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White

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