Biology

Difference Between Evergreen Forest and Deciduous Forest

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Main Difference

The main difference between Evergreen Forest and Deciduous Forest is that Evergreen Forest does not shed their leaves throughout the year, whereas Deciduous Forest shed their leaves in the autumn season.

Evergreen Forest vs. Deciduous Forest

Evergreen Forest does not shed their leaves throughout the year, whereas deciduous forest shed their leaves in the autumn season. The evergreen forest is also termed as rainfall forests; on the other hand, deciduous forests are termed as monsoon forests, the average rainfall of evergreen forest is 200 to 400 cm per year; on the contrary, the average rainfall of deciduous forest is 200 to 70 cm per year.

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Evergreen forest is generally more dark and dense; on the flip side, the deciduous forest is not very dense, so sunlight can pass through the leaves. Evergreen forests are found in Brazil and China, whereas deciduous forests are found in Brazil and America. Evergreen forest is thickly populated as compared to deciduous forest.

Examples of the evergreen forest include sandalwood, rubber, and bamboo species of trees; on the other hand, examples of the deciduous forest include cedar, teak, and oak species of trees. Evergreen forests do not shed their leaves; they have broad leaves having a maximum rate of transpiration opposingly deciduous forests have narrow leaves with relatively low transpiration rates.

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Evergreen forests are generally high-temperature resistant; conversely, deciduous forests do not tolerate high temperatures, thus shed their leaves. Evergreen forests maintain their leaves with the same freshness throughout the year; on the other hand, deciduous forests grow new leaves every spring. Evergreen forests are generally deficient in nutrients or have less amount of nutrients as compared to deciduous forests, which are opulent in nutrients. Evergreen forests grow a large number of needles, and conifer on the flip side, deciduous forests do not.

Comparison Chart

Evergreen ForestDeciduous Forest
Evergreen forest is that which does not shed their leaves throughout the year.Deciduous forest is that which shed their leaves in the autumn season.
Dense and Dark
More dense and darkLess dense and dark
Other Term
Also called rainfall forestsAlso called monsoon forests
Average Rainfall
200 to 400 cm annually200 to 70 cm annually
Transpiration Rate
HighLow
Leaves
Broad leavesNarrow leaves
Heat Resistant
YesNo
Needles and Conifers
PresentAbsent
Nutrients
Less amountMore amount
Examples
Sandalwood, rubber, bamboo, etcCedar, teak and oak, etc
Population Rate
Thickly populatedLess as compared to evergreen forest
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What is Evergreen Forest?

An Evergreen Forest is a forest that does not shed its leaves throughout the year. Its leaves remain green and fresh all year. They are also termed as rainfall forests having an average rainfall of 200 to 400 cm per year. They are also called dense and dark forests as sunlight does not reach their surface. Their characteristic of being dense provides habitat to a large number of species.

Evergreen forests are peculiarly temperature resistant. Warm weather does not affect them. This is presumably due to their ample leaves. Broad leaves provide maximum surface area for transpiration, which keeps the surrounding atmosphere cool, thus helping to prevent the heat from the external environment.

Evergreen forests are multilayered, and among these layers, there is a diversity of species of plants and animals. The trees and plants are generally tall, having broad leaves that form an umbrella type covering on the forest called a canopy. This canopy is a source of protection for life within the forest. These forests grow a number of needles and conifers. There are also many plants grown on trees giving it a look of giant greenery.

Evergreen forests are found in the south of Brazil and China. It grows many interesting species of plants such as sandalwood, rubber, and bamboo. These forests generally have fewer nutrients as the sunlight cannot reach the bottom of the forest. Animals like anteaters, armadillos, owls monkeys, parrots, and frogs are present in the thickly populated forest. Some of them are active at night and some during the day, making the forest alive.

What is a Deciduous Forest?

A deciduous forest is one that unloads its leaves in the autumn season and produces new leaves in spring. It shows that it is not resistant to high temperatures and a warm climate. They are less dense, and sunlight reaches their surface, making them rich in nutrients. They have narrow leaves and low transpiration rates. These forests are generally found in Brazil and America.

They are also termed as monsoon forests having an average rainfall of 200 to 70 cm per year. They have variety in floral species, which vary according to season. Shrubs are present near these forests where there is abundant light. Flowering plants are mostly present in such forests near the spring season.

These forests are rich in organic nutrients giving a medium for bacteria and fungi to work in their soil. These bacteria and fungi are capable of taking nitrogen directly from the atmosphere and turning it into nitrates, thus providing organic nutrients to the soil. The species of trees that these forests grow are cedar, tear, and oak. Animals such as snakes, frogs, turtles, mice, fox, and bears are abundantly present in deciduous forests.

Many other species of trees like oak, beeches, elms, and maples are also found amid deciduous forests. Different colored leaves of trees form a beautiful canopy above the forest. But sadly, many of these forests have been cleared by humans, and colonies have been made there as these forests are a source of precious qualities of wood, so trees are chopped down brutally by humans for the sake of money.

Key Differences

  1. The evergreen forest does not exude their leaves throughout the year whereas, deciduous forest exude their leaves in the autumn season.
  2. Evergreen forest is also termed as rainfall forest; on the other hand, the deciduous forest is termed as monsoon forest.
  3. The average rainfall of evergreen forest is 200 to 400 cm per year; on the contrary, the average rainfall of deciduous forest is 200 to 70 cm per year.
  4. Evergreen forest is generally more dark and dense; on the flip side, the deciduous forest is not very dense, so sunlight can pass through the leaves.
  5. Evergreen forests are found in Brazil and China, whereas deciduous forests are found in Brazil and America. Evergreen forests are thickly populated as compared to deciduous forests.
  6. Examples of evergreen forests include sandalwood, rubber, and bamboo species of trees; on the other hand, examples of deciduous forests include cedar, teak, and oak species of trees.
  7. Evergreen forests do not shed their leaves; they have broad leaves having a maximum rate of transpiration; opposingly, deciduous forests have narrow leaves with relatively low transpiration rates.
  8. Evergreen forest is generally high temperature resistant; conversely, the deciduous forest does not tolerate high temperature, thus shed its leaves.
  9. Evergreen forest maintains its leaves with the same freshness throughout the year; on the other hand, a deciduous forest grows new leaves every spring.
  10. Evergreen forests generally lack nutrients or have less amount of nutrients as compared to deciduous forests, which are rich in nutrients.
  11. Evergreen forests grow a large number of needles and conifers; on the flip side, deciduous forests do not.

Conclusion

So, evergreen forests are those who remain green throughout the year, whereas deciduous forests are those who shed their leaves every autumn.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White

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