Biology

Difference Between Cell and Tissue

ADVERTISEMENT
CONTINUE READING BELOW

Main Difference

The main difference between Cell and Tissue is that Cell is the basic unit of life, whereas Tissue is made up of specialized cells.

Cell vs. Tissue

The cell is the makeup of the mitosis and meiosis process. The tissue is the makeup of by fibrosis process. The cell is of two types, one is eukaryotic type cell, and the other is prokaryotic types of cells. The tissue is of four main types that are connective, epithelial, muscular, and nervous tissue. Cell level is found in all organisms, either multicellular organisms or unicellular organisms. Tissue level is found only in multicellular organisms. Cells can’t be seen through naked eyes. The tissue is seen through naked eyes.

ADVERTISEMENT
CONTINUE READING BELOW

A cell plays an important function in different processes like reproduction, growth, and metabolism of an individual. However, tissue plays a vital and unique function in an organism’s life; different tissues of an organ combine to perform the same function. A cell consists of different organelles in it, like mitochondria, plastids, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, nucleus, etc. A tissue consists of a similar type of cells for a specialized function. A cell is developed by replication or division. The tissue is not replicated, but they can repair themselves or sometimes regenerate.

The cell is comprised of sub-cellular structures like cell wall, cell membranes, cell organelles, and genetic material, etc. or flagella, capsule, etc. in plant cells. The tissue is comprised of different structural cells. Further significance of cells is that the special cells are buildings blocks of tissue. Similarly, the further significance of tissue is that similar tissue combines to form an organ to perform a similar function. Some cells also perform the function of protein synthesis. Different groups of tissues combine to make an organ.

ADVERTISEMENT
CONTINUE READING BELOW

Comparison Chart

CellTissue
A cell is the basic unit of life. It is the functional unitThe tissue is the makeup of by fibrosis process. Group of cells performing a function
Organizational Level
1st organizational level2nd organizational level
Size
Smaller in size in micrometer or nanometerLarger in size in centimeters
Visibility
Invisible to unaided eyesVisible to unaided eyes
Components
Cell membranes and organellesDifferent types of cells

What is Cell?

The cell is a basic component of an organism. In 1665, Robert Hooke was the first scientist who discovered the cell and its structure. Some organism contains only one cell known as unicellular organisms, and some contain trillions of cells known as multicellular organisms. All growth, reproduction, development, etc. are carried by only a single cell in unicellular organisms. And cells are increasing in number are getting developed by the already existing cell. Mitosis and meiosis are done to increase the number of cells.

Cells are of two types that are identified according to their organizational level. One is prokaryotic, and the other is eukaryotic. Organisms like bacteria, amoeba, fungi, and archaea, etc. are pure unicellular organisms contain one cell only. They are friendly to the environment and can prepare their food. However, prokaryotic organisms are also possessed flagella, Pilli, and capsule for their movement and to perform different functions. Prokaryotes, birds, animals, and human beings all are multicellular organisms. Difference between the prokaryotic cell and the eukaryotic cell is that prokaryotic cell doesn’t have a distinct nucleus and eukaryotic cell have a distinct nucleus.

All creatures that are present on this earth are all consisting of cells. There is no life on earth without the cell. Hence, a cell is also called as a basic unit of life. All the functions of a living organism are regulated by these tiny cells. The term cell is firstly introduced by Robert Hooke. He is an English scientist who also discovered the existence of the cell.

What is Tissue?

In multicellular organisms, special types of cells constituent a tissue to perform multiple functions in the body. In a specific kind of tissue, cells are of the same structure that can perform the same function. Tissues are mainly two types i.e., animal tissue and plant tissue. Animals’ tissue consists of four different kinds of tissues i.e., epithelial tissue, nerve tissue, muscular, and connective tissue. Epithelium tissue works to line up the surfaces of the bodies and cavities. Epithelial tissues are composed of three different types of cells i.e., columnar cells, squamous cells, and cuboidal cells.

However, the connective tissue performs a function to connect the tissues of the body and provide the nutrients and minerals. In the body, smooth muscles, cardiac muscles, and skeletal muscles are present. Smooth and cardiac muscles are responsible for all the involuntary actions, and skeletal muscles are responsible for all the voluntary actions of the body. Another type is neuron tissue; Neuron bodies are the constituent of the neuron tissues. These tissues are responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses to perform a specific function of the body. Nerve impulses are transmitted between the CNS (central nervous system) and PNS (peripheral nervous system).

Plant tissues are of three different types i.e., epidermal tissues, ground tissues, and vascular tissue. The epidermal tissue of the plant is present on the surface; its main function is to protect the plant from the excess loss of water and any other damages. The epidermal tissues also help the plant in the gaseous exchange process. The epidermal tissue has further two types of tissues i.e., xylem and phloem tissues.

Key Differences

  1. The cell is made up of many organelles, whereas tissue is the constituent of many cells.
  2. The cell is turn up into tissue; on the other hand, the tissue is turn up into an organ.
  3. A cell is present in both simple and complex organisms; conversely, the tissue is just possessed by complex organisms.
  4. A cell is difficult to examine and study as compared to tissue, and the tissue is easy to examine.
  5. The cell is smaller in size compared to tissue.
  6. A cell may be unicellular or multicellular; on the flip side, tissue may be animal or plant tissue.
  7. A cell is the fundamental unit of life, while the tissue is the main component of an organ.
  8. A single cell consists of a single nucleus; on the other side, the tissue is a collection of many cells, so it has many nuclei possess by each cell.

Conclusion

It is concluded that the cell is a microscopic element, and tissue is a macroscopic element.

ADVERTISEMENT
Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White