Difference Between Flora and Fauna

Main Difference

The main difference between Flora and Fauna is that Flora refers the study of the plant’s life existing in a precise area or constituency; however, fauna discusses the study of an animal’s life living in any geographical or geological period or range.

Flora vs. Fauna

Flora is the term used for plant life, and Fauna is the term used for animal’s life. Flora is a group of native plants in an ecosystem of a geographical state and fauna discusses the goddess of fertility as a group of indigenous animals of any geographical region. All varieties of shrubs, grassland, trees, vegetation plants, comes beneath flora, on the opposing, all types of animals, birds, and insects fall below the kind of fauna. Flora is autotrophs as they can produce their food whereas fauna is heterotrophs as they cannot prepare their food and depends on flora. Flora has about 47,000 species of plants and 15,000 species of flowers on earth and about 89,000 species of fauna existing on earth. They can breathe, grow and reproduce, also respond to stimuli and contribute a significant role in balancing the cycle of life on earth. This communication of flora and fauna helps each other to fulfill their needs.

Comparison Chart

FloraFauna
Flora refers to natural vegetation occurring in a particular geographical region or area including plants algae and fungi.Fauna refers to all of the animal’s life present in the geological period, habitat, area and region.
Autotrophs/ Heterotrophs
Flora is autotrophs as they can prepare their food by photosynthesis.Fauna is heterotrophs as they cannot prepare their food and directly depends on flora for food.
Locomotion
Immovable.Can move from one place to another for food and shelter.
Chloroplast
The chloroplast is present and used for storing energy.The chloroplast is absent, instead used mitochondria for storage purposes.
Cell wall
Present in plantsAbsent in animals
Development
According to the chronological history of the planet, flora is the first form of life appeared on earth.They appeared on earth after flora as they depend on flora for food.
Examples
Trees, shrubs, herbs, flowering, non-flowering, and vegetative plants.Animals, fish, birds, and insects.

What is Flora?

Flora refers to plants life present in a particular area, region and time with a complete view of them. In flora, both scientific as well as common names, explanations, topographical distributions, territories, blossoming times, favorable weather and other illustrations plants reproduction time, family chromosomes numbers are included. Flora falls under the eukaryotic category. Floras have vital properties on earth. They are useful in protecting soil destruction, causing rain and balancing the ecosystem. They serve as food sources, medicines, and play the main role in growing the economy. They provide a homeland for many animals mainly birds. About 400,000 species of the plants have been discovering, and 10% is to discover now still. Flora is a Latin word and derives from the Roman mythology goddess of flowers. Flora has a huge variety and can explain by region, flowers, fruits, and climatic condition, etc. The region in which they grow is the Easiest way to divide flora as those which grow in the marshy area will be changed from the deserted or mountainous area. Flora has three main subdivisions as Native, Weed, and Horticulture. As name shows, native species growing in a specific area. Humans develop horticultural flora for their use depends on climate and soil suitable for the species to grow. Finally, Weed flora is the uninvited plants, have no use, grows with the desired plant and so removed by the humans. Asia has the richest number of plants out of seven-continent on earth. It has nearly 100,000 different kinds of plants, growing with diverse climatic conditions.

Examples

The common examples of the flora are Giant redwood trees found in the north coast of California; the world largest floral garden is present in Holland. One of nature’s great spectacles, the cherry blossom is present in Japan.

What is Fauna?

Fauna is a Latin word and derives from the Roman goddess. Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus created the term fauna. Fauna describes as animals living in a specific area. Fauna is the word associated with fawn, which means animals. They can breathe and grow. They are called heterotrophs or consumers as they depend on flora or plants for their food. Fauna can exchange energy from the environment. They can move in search of food or hostile conditions from one place to another. By animals living in certain regions or areas, fauna has six subdivision categories as Megafauna, Mesofauna, Microfauna, Piscifauna, Cryofauna, and Avifauna. Megafauna is the largest and major animals, Mesofauna includes the organisms and invertebrates living in soil, Microfauna includes the smallest and microorganism’s animals, Piscifauna related to fish, Cryofauna includes the animals that live near ice and Avifauna are the bird’s species.

Examples

Copper butterfly, Coral reef, jellyfish, wolves’ bears, and Toadlet.

Key Differences

  1. Flora refers to natural vegetation occurring in particular geographical region or area including plants algae and fungi on the contrary fauna refers to all of the animal’s life present in geological period, habitat, area and region.
  2. Flora is categorized under autotrophs as they can prepare their food by photosynthesis (with the help of sunlight). Oppositely Fauna is heterotrophs as they are a consumer and cannot prepare their food and depends on flora.
  3. Flora is immovable as they cannot move from one place to another whereas, Fauna can move from one place to another for food and shelter.
  4. Chloroplast and cell wall is present, and chloroplast has used for storing energy on the other hand in fauna, both are absent and can use mitochondria for storing energy instead of the chloroplast.
  5. According to the chronological history of the planet, flora is the first form of life appeared on earth conversely fauna appeared after flora as they depend on green plants for food.
  6. Trees, shrubs, herbs, flowering, and non-flowering and vegetative plants are examples of flora while Insects, birds, animals, fish are an example of fauna.

Conclusion

According to the conversation, both are living organisms. However, they differ from each other as flora refers to plant life, Cannot move and produce their food and fauna refers to an animal’s life. Fauna is heterotrophs and move for shelter and food. Both are contributing major role in maintaining the ecosystem on earth.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White

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