Difference WikiBiology

Difference Between Animal and Mammal

Main Difference

The main difference between Animal and Mammal is that Animal includes in the category of kingdom Animalia, whereas the Mammal is the type of animal that has mammary glands and hairs.

Animal vs. Mammal

The animal belongs to the kingdom Animalia; on the other hand, mammal belongs to the class Mammalia. Animal includes all type of organisms that consists of both warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals; on the flip side, the mammal is the type of organism that is only the warm-blooded. Some animals are deficient in mammary glands; on the other side of the coin, all the mammals contain mammary glands that are involved in the milk synthesis and the nourishment of young ones.

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The characteristic features of animals include the consumption of organic material, sexual reproduction, development of blastula, and breathing oxygen. In contrast, the unique features of mammal include sweat glands, uterus, fur-covered body, single lower jaw bone, mammary glands, three ear bones, neocortex, and giving birth to live young ones. All the animals can never be mammals, but all the mammals are animals.

Animals usually have less complicated habits; on the other hand, mammals have sophisticated practices. Animals include both exothermic and endothermic animals; in contrast, mammals include only endothermic animals. Animal comprises both oviparous and viviparous; on the flip side, mammal comprises only viviparous.

Not all animals contain well developed and specialized body systems such as the circulatory system that includes heart and respiratory and digestive systems; meanwhile, all the mammals contain well-developed body systems and organs such as heart and brain, etc.

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Comparison Chart

AnimalMammal
The animal is the type of organism that has a breadthThe mammal is the type of animal that has mammary glands and hairs
Belongs To
It belongs to kingdom AnimaliaIt belongs to class Mammalia
Characteristic Features
It includes breathing oxygen, sexual reproduction, consumption of organic materialIt includes sweat glands, uterus, neocortex, single lower jawbones, mammary glands
Comprises Of
It includes oviparous and viviparousIt includes viviparous
Habits
It has less complicated habitsIt has more complex habits
Count
It is plentifulIt is lesser in number
Types
It includes exothermic and endothermic animalsIt contains only endothermic animals
Examples
Birds, reptiles, fish, carnivorous, microorganismsHumans, elephants, tiger, lion, etc.
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What is Animal?

All the animals are made of multicellular eukaryotic cells that are said to be included in the kingdom of Animalia. They are widely spread in the world in different ecosystems, such as in aquatic, terrestrial, aerial, amphibious, and grassland ecosystems. Animals are the organisms that have radial or bilateral symmetry according to which it has been divided into different classes.

The characteristic features of animals are the utilization of blastula, sexual reproduction, development of blastula, movement, and respiration. Some animals are simple, and some are very complex and complicated. There are over 1.5 billion species are living in this world, but they are classified into different species according to their specific characteristics, complexity, and habitats.

Classification

  • Phylum Porifera: It includes the most simple animals that live in marine, such as sponges, sycon.
  • Phylum Coelenterata: It includes diploblastic animals such as hydra, jellyfish, and Sea Anemone.
  • Phylum Platyhelminthes: it includes triploblastic flatworms that are parasites such as tapeworm, liver fluke.
  • Phylum Nematoda: It includes triploblastic roundworms that have pseudocoelom such as Ascaris.
  • Phylum Annelida: It includes animals that have true coelom and segmented bodies such as leeches and earthworms.
  • Phylum Mollusca: It includes animals that have a triploblastic and reduced coelom, such as snails, mussels, and octopus.
  • Phylum Arthropoda: It includes animals with joint legs such as insects, butterflies, crabs, mosquitos, and spiders.
  • Phylum Echinodermata: it is the marine animals having scaly skin such as sea urchin and sea cucumber.
  • Phylum Protochordata: it includes animals that contain notochord and live in marine ecosystems such as Herdmania and Balanoglossus.

What is Mammal?

The mammal is made of the multicellular eukaryotic cells that are said to be included in the kingdom Animalia but mainly discussed in the class Mammalia. It contains a vast majority of animals, and they are spread in almost all ecosystems of the world, such as land, water, and air. All mammals usually have bilateral symmetry that gives it wide varieties.

The characteristic features of mammals are the presence of mammary glands, presence of hairs and furs on the skin of animals, presence of sweat glands, contain ear bones, contain uterus in the female reproductive system in there is the development of the embryo, the ability to give birth to their young ones, and the presence of placenta during pregnancy.

Types

  • Placentals: It includes animals that can develop their young ones, insides the womb through placentae such as primates and rodents.
  • Marsupials: It includes animals that give birth to their young ones in an immature form and complete their maturity after birth, such as kangaroos.
  • Monotremes: It includes animals that lay large yolk eggs such as platypuses and echidnas.

Key Differences

  1. Animal includes in kingdom Animalia; on the other hand, mammal includes in the class Mammalia.
  2. Not all animals have furs and hairs on their body; on the flip side, all the mammals have furs and hairs on their body.
  3. Some animals have simple habits than others; on the other side of the coin, all mammals have complicated practices.
  4. The animal may be endothermic or ectothermic; on the other hand, the mammal is only endothermic.
  5. Not all the animals contain complicated body systems such as circulatory systems and respiratory systems; on the flip side, all the mammals include complex body systems such as in humans.
  6. Not all the animals contain mammary glands and sweat glands; on the flip side, all the mammals contain mammary glands and sweat glands.
  7. All animals do not have a complete brain and thinking ability; on the other side of the coin, all mammals like humans have better-thinking capacity.
  8. Some animals have simple sensory organs and less organized nervous system; on the other hand, all mammals have better sensory organs and organized nervous system.
  9. All animals do not contain uterus in the female reproductive system; on the flip side, all the female mammals include uterus in the reproductive system.
  10. Animals include both oviparous and viviparous; on the other hand, mammals include only viviparous.

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that animal includes organisms that belong to kingdom Animalia, whereas the mammals include the type of organisms that belongs to class Mammalia.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White