Sugar vs. Glucose

Main Difference

The main difference between Sugar and Glucose is that the Sugar is a disaccharide containing molecules of glucose and fructose, whereas Glucose is a monosaccharide.

Sugar vs. Glucose — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Sugar and Glucose

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar is a disaccharide, whereas glucose is a monosaccharide.

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar contains one each molecule of glucose and fructose; in contrast, glucose contains two linked monosaccharides.

Sugar vs. Glucose

The term sugar derived from the French word sucre, meaning‘sugar’ on the flip side the term glucose is derived from the Greek work glykys meaning “sweet.

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar is a disaccharide, breaks down during the process of digestion, while glucose does not break into simple compounds.

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar is not quickly absorbed into the bloodstream; on the other hand, glucose is swiftly broken and absorbed directly into the bloodstream.

Sugar vs. Glucose

The formula of sugar is C12H22O11 inversely; the formula of glucose is C₆H₁₂O₆.

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Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar does not give instant energy to the body; conversely, glucose provides instant power for the body.

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar present in processed foods is commonly extracted from sugar beets or sugar cane; on the contrary, glucose found in processed foods is in the form of dextrose that got derived from cornstarch.

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar or sucrose is sweeter; on the converse, glucose is less sweet than sugar.

Sugarnoun

(uncountable) Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink.

Glucosenoun

(carbohydrate) A simple monosaccharide (sugar) with a molecular formula of C6H12O6; it is a principle source of energy for cellular metabolism.

Sugarnoun

(countable) A specific variety of sugar.

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Glucosenoun

a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy

Sugarnoun

Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy.

Sugarnoun

(countable) A small serving of this substance (typically about one teaspoon), used to sweeten a drink.

He usually has his coffee white with one sugar.

Sugarnoun

(countable) A term of endearment.

I'll be with you in a moment, sugar.

Sugarnoun

A kiss.

Sugarnoun

Effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality.

I think John has a little bit of sugar in him.

Sugarnoun

Diabetes.

Sugarnoun

(dated) Anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance, especially in chemistry.

Sugar of lead (lead acetate) is a poisonous white crystalline substance with a sweet taste.

Sugarnoun

Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.

Sugarnoun

.

Sugarverb

(transitive) To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar.

John heavily sugars his coffee.

Sugarverb

(transitive) To make (something unpleasant) seem less so.

She has a gift for sugaring what would otherwise be harsh words.

Sugarverb

In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the syrup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition off.

Sugarverb

(entomology) To apply sugar to trees or plants in order to catch moths.

Sugarverb

To rewrite (source code) using syntactic sugar.

Sugarverb

(transitive) To compliment (a person).

Sugarinterjection

Used in place of shit!

Oh, sugar!

Sugarnoun

a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative

Sugarnoun

an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain

Sugarnoun

informal terms for money

Sugarverb

sweeten with sugar;

sugar your tea

Comparison Chart

SugarGlucose
A disaccharide containing molecules of glucose and fructose called sugarMonosaccharide consists of one unit of sugar called glucose
Sweet
MoreLess
Term Origin
From the French word sucre, meaning ‘sugar.’From Greek work glykys meaning “sweet.”
Molecular Formula
C12H22O11C₆H₁₂O₆
Extracted From
Sugar beets, sugar caneCornstarch in the form dextrose
Molecular Weight
342.3 g/mol180.16 g/mol
Exact Mass
342.116212 g/mol180.063388 g/mol

Sugar vs. Glucose

Sugar falls into the category of disaccharides containing one each molecule of glucose and fructose. Glucose falls into the category of monosaccharide. Disaccharides such as sugar contain two linked monosaccharide that breaks during the process of digestion. Monosaccharide such as glucose consists of one unit of sugar; hence it is not broken into simple compounds. Sugar is a disaccharide, so it breaks in the simple form before getting absorbed into the bloodstream. Therefore it does not quickly give energy to the body the way glucose does. Glucose is a monosaccharide, so it does not break and absorbed directly into the blood. Due to this direct absorption, it increases the blood sugar more rapidly, stimulating the release of insulin.

The scientific name of table sugar or sugar is sucrose. Glucose is not having any simple name. Sugar is a naturally occurring substance that is present in fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products. Glucose is also found naturally in fruits, vegetables, milk, and grains. Sugar is white in the crystalline or powdery solid form. Glucose is a white powder.

The term sugar derived from the French word sucre, meaning ‘sugar.’ The term glucose is derived from the Greek work glykys meaning “sweet.” Sugar is typically extracted from sugar beets or sugar cane. Glucose found in processed foods is in the form of dextrose that got derived from cornstarch. Sugar or sucrose has got more sweetness than glucose. Glucose is having less sweetness than sugar. The formula of sugar is C12H22O11. The formula of glucose is C₆H₁₂O₆.

What is Sugar?

Sucrose is a crystalline powdered solid in white color, which is called sugar. It is a nonreducing disaccharide that is consists of two linked monosaccharides (glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons). These two monosaccharide breaks down during the process of digestion. The scientific name of table sugar is sucrose. The annual production of sucrose throughout the world is 90 million tons. Twenty percent of which is from the juice of sugar cane and seventeen percent from sugar beet. Sugar breaks in the simple form before getting absorbed into the bloodstream. Therefore it does not quickly give energy to the body the way glucose does.

On a commercial scale, sugar is obtained from sugarcane, sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). Sugarcane/sugar beet is crushed and extracted with water, then evaporated and purified with lime, carbon, and other liquids to obtain sugar. It is also derived from sorghum. Sugar is vastly used as a sweetener in various processed foods, e.g., syrups, confectionery, jams, pharmaceutical products, caramel, ice creams, cereals, canned foods, soda drinks, beverages, candies, etc.

Other uses of sugar include; as a chemical intermediate for detergents and emulsifying agents. It is also spread in the seeds, roots, and different other parts of the plants to work as energy and carbon source for metabolism and biosynthesis. Moreover, sugar is used as a moisture control and thickening agent, food preservative, antioxidant, and stabilizer.

Properties

  • Molecular C12H22O11
  • Molecular Weight. 342.3 g/mol
  • Exact Mass. 116212 g/mol
  • Monoisotopic Mass. 342.116212 g/mol
  • The Heat of Combustion. 35X10+6 cal/mol
  • Denser than Water
  • Odorless

What is Glucose?

Glucose is an essential monosaccharide, which is the primary energy source for the body. Monosaccharide consists of a single unit of sugar, and it does not break into simple compounds. Glucose contains six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group known as an aldohexose. It is also known to be the primary source of energy for living organisms. It is a monosaccharide, so it is a simple sugar that gets absorbed into the body directly. It increases blood sugar more rapidly, stimulating the release of insulin. It relies on the enzymes named glucokinase or hexokinase to initiate body metabolism.

Glucose is naturally found in fruits and other parts of plants. It is extracted in the form of dextrose from cornstarch. It is also found in various processed foods, fresh fruits, and honey. It is used as an energy source immediately or can be stored in the liver and the muscles for later use. It is also known to be the blood sugar because it quickly gets absorbed into the bloodstream and circulates in the blood. However, it is also found in the human body from the digestion of carbohydrates. The glucose in animals generates from the breakdown of glycogen, and this process is called glycogenolysis. Glucose is a simple sugar found in some foods, including corn syrup, honey, blueberries, raisins, and peaches.

Properties

  • Molecular Formula. C₆H₁₂O₆
  • Molecular Weight. 180.16 g/mol
  • Exact Mass. 180.063388 g/mol
  • Monoisotopic Mass. 180.063388 g/mol
  • Soluble in Water
Conclusion

Sugar and glucose are different from each other in their chemical and physical properties, extraction sources, digestion by the body, and affects.