Chlorenchyma vs. Collenchyma

The main difference between chlorenchyma and collenchyma is that chlorenchyma is a category of modified parenchyma which is photosynthetic, whereas collenchyma is a form of simple permanent tissue that supports plant structurally. Chlorenchyma generally refers to modified parenchyma tissues that have chloroplast and is photosynthetic, whereas collenchyma is a tissue that supports the structure of […]

Anaerobic Respiration vs. Fermentation

The main difference between anaerobic respiration and fermentation is that anaerobic respiration undergoes electron transport chain and citric acid cycle, whereas fermentation does not undergo electron transport chain and citric acid cycle. Anaerobic respiration refers to a category of cellular respiration that happens in the absence of oxygen, while fermentation refers to any chemical reactions […]

Darwinism vs. Lamarckism

The main difference between Darwinism and Lamarckism is that Darwinism theory is based on the idea of natural selection, whereas Lamarckism theory is founded on the concept of vital internal force which is found in all living organisms. Darwinism gives the idea that all living organisms arise and develop through the process of natural selection […]

Chondroblasts vs. Chondrocytes

The main difference between the Chondroblasts and the Chondrocytes is that Chondroblasts are the cells that secrete the extracellular matrix of cartilage, whereas Chondrocytes are the cells that are involved in the maintenance of cartilage. Cartilage is a specialized connective tissue which is present in many places of the body. The process of formation of […]

Diapause vs. Hibernation

The main difference between diapause and hibernation is that diapause occurs in adverse conditions during both summer and winter, whereas hibernation occurs only in winter. Diapause is the condition which takes place both in summer and winter, whereas hibernation is the condition which occurs only during winter. During diapause, the amount of free water is […]

Mechanical Digestion vs. Chemical Digestion

The main difference between mechanical digestion and chemical digestion is that mechanical digestion is the mechanical breakdown of large food particles into small food particles, whereas chemical digestion is the chemical breakdown of high molecular weight substances into low molecular weight substances. Mechanical digestion generally refers to the breakdown of food mainly by teeth into […]

Cryptogams vs. Phanerogams

The main difference between cryptogams and phanerogams is that cryptogams are the plants that are usually known as the non-spermatophytes, whereas the phanerogams are the plants that are usually known as the spermatophytes plants. Cryptogams consist of Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, and Thallophyta, whereas phanerogams consist of angiosperms and gymnosperms. Cryptogams major reproduction method is the formation […]

Microtubules vs. Microfilaments

The main difference between microtubules and microfilaments is that microtubules are formed of tubulin protein units and normally are long, and hollow cylinders, whereas microfilaments are produced by actin proteins, and usually are double-stranded helical polymers. Microtubules are structurally helical lattice, whereas microfilaments are a double helix. Microtubules are 24 nm in diameter while microfilaments […]

Nitrogen Fixation vs. Nitrification

The main difference between nitrogen fixation and nitrogen is that the nitrogen fixation refers as the process of alteration of nitrogen gas nitrogen-containing compounds, whereas the nitrification is an alteration of ammonium ions to nitrites and nitrates. Nitrogen fixation refers as the process of alteration of nitrogen gas into nitrogen-containing compounds, whereas the nitrification refers […]

Liverworts vs. Mosses

The main difference between liverworts and the mosses is that the liverworts have a gametophyte that is a foliose or a thallose, whereas the mosses have a gametophyte that is a prostate, branched filamentous structure. Liverworts have a gametophyte that is foliose or thallose, whereas mosses have a gametophyte that is a branched filamentous prostate. […]

Actinomycetes vs. Bacteria

The main difference between actinomycetes and bacteria is that actinomycetes are considered as the temporary state of the fungi but are actually a type of bacteria, whereas bacteria have simple cellular body and considered a single-celled organism. Actinomycetes are considered as filamentous bacteria, whereas bacteria are considered as a large group of microorganisms with no […]

Monocot Embryo vs. Dicot Embryo

The main difference between Monocot Embryo and Dicot Embryo is that Monocot Embryo has single cotyledon attached to the embryonal axis whereas Dicot Embryo has two cotyledons attached to the embryonal axis. Angiosperms, the flowering plants, are the most diversified and successful groups of plants on earth. It has two division, i.e., monocot and dicot. […]

Locust vs. Grasshopper

The main difference between Locust and Grasshopper is that Locusts are grasshoppers which advance gregarious characteristics in the appropriate environmental conditions forming an established group whereas grasshoppers are ground lodging insects which go over a phase of incomplete metamorphosis before emerging into the adult stage. Locusts are grasshoppers which mature gregarious characteristics in the appropriate […]

Gametophyte vs. Sporophyte

The main difference between the Gametophyte and the Sporophyte is that Gametophyte is the haploid phase of the plant’s life cycle whereas Sporophyte is the diploid phase of the life cycle of the plant. There are different types of plants that exist on this earth. They have a complex life cycle in which all these […]

Cranial Nerves vs. Spinal Nerves

The main difference between Cranial Nerves and Spinal Nerves is that Cranial Nerves originate from the brain, whereas Spinal Nerves originate from the spinal cord. Neuron or nerve cell is the functional and structural unit of the nervous system, and there are about 10 billion neurons in our nervous system, which communicate with each other […]

Natural Classification vs. Artificial Classification

The main difference between Natural Classification and Artificial Classification is that Natural Classification is based on the important points of similarities, whereas Artificial Classification is according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness. Classification is a process which is carried out naturally and instinctively by mankind. This process has been carried out […]

Skull vs. Cranium

The main difference between the Skull and the Cranium is that Skull is made up of both facial bones and the cranium, whereas Cranium is a part of the skull that covers the brain. Skull and cranium are the two terms which are used to describe the skeletal structures of the head. The chief function […]

Southern Blotting vs. Western Blotting

The main difference between Southern Blotting and Western Blotting is that Southern Blotting is a technique that is used to detect a specific DNA fragment in a given sample whereas Western Blotting is used to find out a specific protein in a given sample. Blotting is a technique that is used by scientists to separate […]

Definitive Host vs. Intermediate Host

The main difference between definitive host and the intermediate host is that definitive host includes the maturation and sexual reproduction of the parasite, whereas the intermediate host includes the immaturities and persistence of the parasite. The definitive host is an organism that supports the sexual reproductive form of parasites, whereas the intermediate host is an […]

Cleavage vs. Mitosis

The main difference between Cleavage and Mitosis is that Cleavage is the cytoplasmic division that follows the nuclear division, whereas Mitosis is the process of cell division in which the parent cell is divided into two daughter cells. Mitosis and Cleavage are the two events of the cell cycle. Cleavage is also known as cytokinesis, […]

Algae vs. Protozoa

The main difference between algae and protozoa is that algae are autotrophic, plant-like organisms whereas protozoa are heterotrophic, animal-like organisms. Algae can produce their food by the process of photosynthesis while protozoa ingest organic molecules by phagocytosis. In several ways, algae and protozoa are similar. They belong to the same kingdom Protista. Algae and Protozoa […]

Lysosome vs. Peroxisome

The main difference between lysosomes and peroxisomes is that lysosome consists of degradative enzymes, which break down about all the biological polymers within the cell whereas peroxisome consists of enzymes, which are responsible for oxidation reactions and break down of metabolic hydrogen peroxide. Lysosome and peroxisome are two distinctive types of single-membrane compartments found inside […]

Tap Root vs. Fibrous Root

The main difference between Tap Root and Fibrous Root is that tap root denotes to the main root and its divisions, which go deep into the soil whereas fibrous root indicates to the fine hair-like roots, which extend in all directions close to the surface of the ground. Taproot denotes to the main root and […]

Human Sperm vs. Ovum

The main difference between Human Sperm and Ovum is that Human Sperm is a male gamete that is produced in the testis of a male whereas Ovum is the female gamete that is produced in the ovary of a female. Gamete formation is the most important process in sexual reproduction. Gametes are the haploid cells, […]

Nitrification vs. Denitrification

The main difference between nitrification and denitrification is that nitrification is the process in which nitrogen is converted into nitrate whereas denitrification is the process in which nitrate is converted into nitrogen gas. Nitrogen comprises around 79% of the atmosphere and an important part of protein and nucleic acid. It is a renewable resource which […]

Moist Heat Sterilization vs. Dry Heat Sterilization

The main difference between Moist Heat Sterilization and Dry Heat Sterilization is that Moist Heat Sterilization is carried out through water (steam), whereas, Dry Heat Sterilization is carried out under dry conditions. Heat is the best way to kill microbes as it destroys the enzymes present in them as well as their proteins. That is […]

Compound Microscope vs. Dissecting Microscope

The main difference between Compound Microscope and Dissecting Microscope is that Compound Microscope is the microscope that is used to observe small objects with high magnification power, whereas Dissecting Microscope is used to dissect the specimen. We use a different type of tools in biology such as microscopes. They are very helpful to observe microorganisms […]

Energy Flow vs. Nutrient Cycling

The main difference between energy flow and nutrient cycling is that energy flow is the transfer of energy in a non-cyclic and linear manner from one trophic level to another whereas nutrient cycling is the movement of chemicals back and forth between organisms. Energy flow is the transfer of energy in a non-cyclic, and linear […]

Predation vs. Parasitism

The main difference between predation and parasitism is that in predation predator catches and kills prey whereas in parasitism parasite gets benefited from the host and sometimes do not kill the host. Predation discusses the act of preying of one specie on another specie while parasitism discusses the preparation of living as a parasite on […]

Spider vs. Insect

The main difference between spider and insect is that spider body divides into two regions: cephalothorax and abdomen, whereas the insect body divides into three regions: head, thorax, and abdomen. Spider consists of two body segments: cephalothorax and abdomen, eight-legged and predatory arachnids whereas insect possesses six legs and have one or two pairs of […]