Enhancer vs. Promoter

The main difference between Enhancer and Promoter is that Enhancer is a short region of DNA that can bound by proteins (activators) to increase the possibility of transcription of a particular gene whereas promoter is a region of DNA that initiates transcription of a specific gene. The enhancer is a short region of DNA that […]

Urine vs. Filtrate

The main difference between urine and filtrate is that urine is waste liquid excreted through urethra whereas filtrate is the liquid formed during the formation of urine. Water is the major constituent of urine forming almost 95% of urine, and the remaining part is composed of other organic and inorganic constituents. Other constituents are urea […]

Polyps vs. Fibroids

The main difference between the polyps and fibroids is that polyps are abnormal soft tissues outgrowths developed inside the uterus on the other side fibroids are unusual tumors that found in the female reproductive systems. Polyps are the outgrowths of the endometrial tissues lining the uterus whereas fibroids are the growth of muscle tissues and […]

Apical Meristem vs. Lateral Meristem

The main difference between apical meristem and lateral meristem is that apical meristem discusses a meristem at the apex of a plant root or shoot that produces auxin and initiate the shoot or root to increase in length. Whereas lateral meristem refers to a meristem that is organizing in parallel to the sides of an […]

Parasite vs. Saprophyte

The main difference between parasite and saprophyte is that parasite lives on another organism whereas saprophyte is an organism that uses decomposing matter as a food source. The parasite is an organism which depends on other organisms for its nourishment and growth, and that organism is called the host. Saprophyte is an organism which depends […]

Mutation vs. Variation

The main difference between mutation and variation is that mutation is the changes in the nucleotide sequence at DNR level whereas variation is how an individual of species is different from another individual. A mutation is a change that happens in the genome (genetic makeup) of an individual organism. Mutation can be spontaneous. They occur […]

Exergonic Reactions vs. Endergonic Reactions

The main difference between exergonic and endergonic reaction is that exergonic reaction is spontaneous reaction whereas endergonic reaction is a non-spontaneous reaction Exergonic is a favorable chemical reaction that has a negative Gibbs free energy. It indicates that an exergonic reaction is a spontaneous reaction since in this reaction Gibbs energy has a negative value. […]

Centrosome vs. Centriole

The main difference between the centrosome and centriole is that centrosome is an organelle present in the cytoplasm whereas centriole is the microtubule unit which is involved in the formation of spindle apparatus during the cell division. Centrosomes are made of centrioles and present in the cytoplasm while centrioles are formed of microtubules and present […]

Uvula vs. Epiglottis

The main difference between uvula and epiglottis is that uvula is a piece of flesh that hangs at the back of throat whereas epiglottis is a leaf-shaped cartilaginous flap that is present on the border of the glottis. The uvula is a wedge-shaped bag-like structure made of connective tissues whereas epiglottis is a leaf-shaped cartilaginous […]

Zygote vs. Fetus

The main difference between the zygote and fetus is that zygote is the initial stage of prenatal development which promotes the cell division while the fetus is the final stage of prenatal development which supports the development of organs. A zygote is a fertilized egg formed after the fusion of male sperm with the female […]

Algae vs. Moss

The main difference between the Algae and Moss is that an Algae is mainly a single cell plant, collected together and grow in cluster form while Moss is a tiny plant found on land and known as the bryophyte. Algae are mainly water living plants while mosses are mostly terrestrial plants. Algae study is called […]

Sister Chromatids vs. Non-Sister Chromatids

The main difference between sister chromatids and non-sister chromatid is that sister chromatid discusses the identical copies form by the DNA replication of a chromosome when both copies join together by a common centromere whereas non-sister chromatid refers to either one of the two chromatids of pair homologous chromosomes. Sister chromatids are the two same […]

Mutualism vs. Commensalism

The main difference between the mutualism and commensalism is that mutualism is that Form of the symbiotic relationship between two or more organisms where they all get benefit while commensalism is the type of relationship between two or more organisms, but only one gets benefits, and the other is unharmed. Mutualism is that type of […]

Centromere vs. Kinetochore

The main difference between centromeres and kinetochore is that centromere is the section of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the spindle assign, through kinetochore, in cell division. Whereas kinetochore is a complex of proteins link with the centromere of a chromosome in a cell division to which the microtubules of the spindle attach. […]

Mitochondria vs. Plastids

The main difference between the mitochondria and plastids is that the mitochondria is a double membranous and containing fluid-filled sac organelle that helps in energy production and cell respiration whereas plastids are a double membrane and fluid-filled organelle present only in plants which involve in photosynthesis and storage of food. Mitochondria are involved in cell […]

Gamete vs. Genotype

The main difference between gamete and genotype is that gamete is a sex cell on the other hand genotype is the genetic makeup of the cell. Gametes are the sex cells which are of two types’ male sex cell known as sperm and female sex cell known as ova or egg. Sperms are found in […]

Ketosis vs. Ketoacidosis

The main difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis is that ketosis is a metabolic state whereas ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes it occurs when one’s body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. A low carbohydrate diet is a trigger of ketosis whereas poor diabetes management is a leading trigger of ketoacidosis. Other triggers […]

Meningitis vs. Encephalitis

The main difference between meningitis and encephalitis is that the meningitis is the inflammation of brain membranes whereas encephalitis is the acute inflammation of the brain parenchyma. Meningitis is the swelling of the membranes (meninges) coverings around the brain, and spinal cord while Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain. In meningitis, symptoms are a […]

Diarrhea vs. Dysentery

The main difference between diarrhea and dysentery is that diarrhea is the disease of small intestine whereas dysentery is the disease of the colon. Diarrhea is characterized as abnormally loose or watery stools with inflammation of small intestine whereas dysentery is described by mucus or blood in stool with abdominal pain and cramps because of […]

Thyroid vs. Parathyroid

The main difference between the thyroid and parathyroid gland is that a thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped vascular organ that is located in the neck on the other hand parathyroid glands are actually four small glands of the endocrine system also present in the neck behind the thyroid gland and regulate the calcium in our […]

Genus vs. Species

The main difference between Genus and Species is that Genus is a rank in the classification of the organism, below Family and above Species, and Species is the taxonomic unit, ranking below a Genus. A species is a group of populations in which genes are exchanged through the way of interbreeding or matting. Genus and […]

Endotoxin vs. Exotoxin

The main difference between endotoxin and exotoxin is that endotoxin is lipopolysaccharides protein complexes which are the structural component of the cell wall of bacteria whereas exotoxin is the protein secreted by the specific bacteria. Endotoxins are the lipopolysaccharides that are an integral part of the cell membrane of the gram-negative bacteria and become toxin […]

Acute Disease vs. Chronic Disease

The main difference between acute disease and chronic disease is that the medical condition which takes place instantly and lasts for a short period is called acute disease while the medical condition in which the disease occurs slowly but continues for an extended period is called chronic disease. But sometimes an acute disease may changes […]

Pest vs. Insect

The main difference between pest and insect is that pest is a destructive creature for the crops and livestock whereas insect is a small creature which may or may not be harmful. A pest is an animal or plant which has a harmful effect on humans their food or their living conditions while insects are […]

Flora vs. Fauna

The main difference between Flora and Fauna is that Flora refers the study of the plant’s life existing in a precise area or constituency; however, fauna discusses the study of an animal’s life living in any geographical or geological period or range. Flora is the term used for plant life, and Fauna is the term […]

E. Coli vs. Klebsiella

The main difference between E Coli and Klebsiella is that E. Coli is a rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Escherichia whereas Klebsiella is the genus of the rod-shaped bacteria. E.coli is a rod-shaped, a facultative anaerobic, gram-negative and nonsporulating bacterium of the genus Escherichia with family Enterobacteriaceae whereas Klebsiella is a genus of rod-shaped, gram-negative […]

Cytoplasm vs. Cytoskeleton

The main difference between cytoplasm and cytoskeleton is that the cytoplasm is the thick, jelly-like fluid in which the cellular components and organelles are embedded in conversely cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance in which all the cell organelles embedded in while cytoskeleton […]

Germ Cells vs. Somatic Cells

The main difference between Germ cells and Somatic Cells is that germ cells create the reproductive cells of a new individual by half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell. Somatic cells are a regular type of cells of a living organism other than the reproductive cells (germ cells). Germ cells refer to a […]

Egestion vs. Excretion

The main difference between Egestion and Excretion is that Egestion is the discharge of undigested food material from the body of living organisms, whereas Excretion is the discharge of metabolic waste from cell formed by chemical reaction of the body, such as in sweat, urine, etc. Egestion is the passing out of undigested material from […]