Difference Between Natural Classification and Artificial Classification

Main Difference

The main difference between Natural Classification and Artificial Classification is that Natural Classification is based on the important points of similarities, whereas Artificial Classification is according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness.

Natural Classification vs. Artificial Classification

Classification is a process which is carried out naturally and instinctively by mankind. This process has been carried out from the very beginning. It has been used for the accurate identification of the food, fuel building materials, predators, etc since then. Over 100000 fungi, a few thousand bacteria, around 3000,000 species of the green plants and other organisms have already been recognized. There are three main types of classification. They are the phylogenetic, natural and the artificial. The “artificial” and “natural” classifications basically differ in the degree, and not in type. The classification depends upon the likeness in each case. The natural classification is a great deal which is more than a mere index. The things which are classified through the natural classification are arranged according to the entirety of their morphological resemblances, and the features which have been discovered by the observation become the signs of many unlikenesses or likenesses. Conversely, some easily observed and prominent feature in an artificial classification is taken as the mark of dissemblance or resemblance.

Comparison Chart

Natural ClassificationArtificial Classification
The classification which is based on the important points of similarities is called natural classification.The classification which occurs according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness is called artificial classification.
Grouping
Natural classification is basically the grouping of the thesis according to nature’s order and plan.Artificial classification is basically the grouping of things which occurs according to the purpose of the individual concerned.
Type of Classification
Natural classification is a type of objective classification.Artificial classification is a type of subjective classification.
Characters
Almost all of the characters are considered in natural classification.Merely a few characters are considered in artificial classification.
Changes
Natural classification may change with the advancement in knowledge.The artificial classification does not change with the advancement in knowledge.
Information
Plenty of useful information is provided by natural classification.Only limited information is provided by artificial classification.
Addition of New Work
Recent advancements can be added in this type of classification.New work cannot be added in this type of classification.
Relation with Phylogenetic Classification
Natural classification is closely related to phylogenetic classification.Artificial classification is not related to phylogenetic classification.
Designed For
Natural classification is designed for knowledge and extensive thoughts.Artificial classification is designed for the specific purpose of mechanizing arrangement.
Language
Natural classification is a language of thoughts, mind, and ideas.Artificial classification is a language of the ordinary numbers.
Example
Bentham and Hooker’s classification are examples of natural classification.Linnaeus classified plant is an example of artificial classification.

What is a Natural Classification?

Natural classification is a type of classification which is based on the important points of similarities. It is the one in which the qualities which are either intrinsic/inborn or are important for the existence of the thing or things that are to be divided and are adopted as the ‘difference’ or as the characteristic of the arrangement,e.g. dividing the ‘living creatures’ into the vertebrates and invertebrates. It is that type of classification which exhibits the inherent properties of the things that are classified and separates them according to their natural likeness or the unlikeness.

What is Artificial Classification?

Artificial Classification is a type of classification that occurs according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness. It is the one in which some unplanned thing is adopted as the “difference,” for instance, size of a book. It is a stable classification, and only limited information is provided by it. This type of classification does not change with the advancement of knowledge. Furthermore, new work cannot be added to this type of classification. Some easily observed and prominent features in this type of classification are taken as the mark of dissemblance or resemblance.

Key Differences

  1. The classification which is based on the important points of similarities is called natural classification, whereas, the classification which occurs according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness is called artificial classification.
  2. Natural classification is basically the grouping of the thesis according to nature’s order and plan, on the other hand, artificial classification is basically the grouping of things which occurs according to the purpose of the individual concerned.
  3. Natural classification is a type of objective classification. Conversely, artificial classification is a type of subjective classification.
  4. Almost all of the characters are considered in the natural classification, on the flip side, merely a few characters are considered in the artificial classification.
  5. Natural classification is a type of classification which may change with the advancement in knowledge; on the other side, artificial classification is a type of classification that does not change with the advancement in knowledge.
  6. Plenty of useful information is provided by the natural classification, while, only limited information is provided by the artificial classification.
  7. Recent advancements can be added in the natural classification; on the other hand, new work cannot be added in the artificial classification.
  8. Natural classification is closely related to phylogenetic classification, whereas, artificial classification is not related to phylogenetic classification.
  9. Natural classification is designed for the knowledge and extensive thoughts, on the flip side, artificial classification is designed for the specific purpose of mechanizing arrangement.
  10. Natural classification is a language of the thoughts, mind, and ideas; on the other side, artificial classification is a language of the ordinary numbers.
  11. Bentham and Hooker’s classification are examples of natural classification; on the other hand, Linnaeus classified plants are examples of artificial classification.

Conclusion

All of the above discussion summarizes that both the “natural” and “artificial” classifications show the difference in the degree. The former is based on the important points of similarities, and almost all of the characters are considered in it, whereas, the latter occurs according to the some less important or unimportant points of likeness and merely a few characters are considered in it.

Author: