Stem vs. Root

Main Difference

The main difference between Stem and Root is that Stem is the part of the plant body that is present above the soil, while the Root is the part of the plant body that is present below the ground.

Stem vs. Root — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Stem and Root

Stem vs. Root

The Stem is the part of the plant that is usually found above the soil, while Root is the part of a plant that is always found under the ground.

Stem vs. Root

Stems contain chlorophyll, whereas Roots are devoid of chlorophyll.

Stem vs. Root

Stems have leaves, nodes, and internodes, but Roots only have some multicellular hairs on them.

Stem vs. Root

Stems have a large diameter. On the other hand, Roots have a small diameter.

Stem vs. Root

Stem originates from plumule, while Root originates from the radicle part of the embryo.

Stem vs. Root

Buds are present on the Stem, but not on Roots.

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Stem vs. Root

Stems grow towards the direction of light on the flip side Roots grow away from the direction of light.

Stemnoun

The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.

Rootnoun

The part of a plant, generally underground, that anchors and supports the plant body, absorbs and stores water and nutrients, and in some plants is able to perform vegetative reproduction.

This tree's roots can go as deep as twenty metres underground.

Stemnoun

A branch of a family.

Rootnoun

A root vegetable.

Stemnoun

An advanced or leading position; the lookout.

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Rootnoun

The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place.

Root damage is a common problem of overbrushing.

Stemnoun

(botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.

Rootnoun

The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place.

The root is the only part of the hair that is alive.

Stemnoun

A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogy, the shaft of a feather.

the stem of an apple or a cherry

Rootnoun

The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated.

He dyed his hair black last month, so the grey roots can be seen.

Stemnoun

A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.

Rootnoun

The primary source; origin.

The love of money is the root of all evil.

Stemnoun

(linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.

Rootnoun

(arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression.

The cube root of 27 is 3.

Stemnoun

(slang) A person's leg.

Rootnoun

(arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”).

Multiply by root 2.

Stemnoun

(slang) The penis.

Rootnoun

(analysis) A zero (of an equation).

Stemnoun

(typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.

Rootnoun

The single node of a tree that has no parent.

Stemnoun

(music) A vertical stroke marking the length of a note in written music.

Rootnoun

(linguistic morphology) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots.

Stemnoun

(nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.

Rootnoun

(philology) A word from which another word or words are derived.

Stemnoun

Component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the bicycle fork

Rootnoun

(music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.

Stemnoun

(anatomy) A part of an anatomic structure considered without its possible branches or ramifications.

Rootnoun

The lowest place, position, or part.

Stemnoun

(slang) A crack pipe; or the long, hollow portion of a similar pipe (i.e. meth pipe) resembling a crack pipe.

Rootnoun

(computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure; the person who manages accounts on a UNIX system.

I have to log in as root before I do that.

Stemnoun

(chiefly British) A winder on a clock, watch, or similar mechanism

Rootnoun

(computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories.

I installed the files in the root directory.

Stemnoun

alternative form of STEM

Rootnoun

(slang) A penis, especially the base of a penis.

Stemverb

To remove the stem from.

to stem cherries; to stem tobacco leaves

Rootnoun

An act of sexual intercourse.

Fancy a root?

Stemverb

To be caused or derived; to originate.

The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.

Rootnoun

A sexual partner.

Stemverb

To descend in a family line.

Rootverb

To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.

Stemverb

To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.

Rootverb

To be firmly fixed; to be established.

Stemverb

(obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.

Rootverb

To break into a computer system and obtain root access.

We rooted his box and planted a virus on it.

Stemverb

To ram (clay, etc.) into a blasting hole.

Rootverb

(ambitransitive) To turn up or dig with the snout.

A pig roots the earth for truffles.

Stemverb

(transitive) To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).

to stem a tide

Rootverb

(by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn.

Stemverb

(skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.

Rootverb

(intransitive) To rummage; to search as if by digging in soil.

rooting about in a junk-filled drawer

Stemnoun

(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

thematic vowels are part of the stem

Rootverb

(transitive) To root out; to abolish.

Stemnoun

a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ

Rootverb

To have sexual intercourse.

Stemnoun

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

Rootverb

To grow roots

The cuttings are starting to root.

Stemnoun

the tube of a tobacco pipe

Rootverb

To prepare, oversee, or otherwise cause the rooting of cuttings

We rooted some cuttings last summer.

Stemnoun

front part of a vessel or aircraft;

he pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line

Rootverb

To cheer (on); to show support (for) and hope for the success of. See root for.

I'm rooting for you, don't let me down!

Stemnoun

a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it

Rootnoun

(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

Stemverb

grow out of, have roots in, originate in;

The increase in the national debt stems from the last war

Rootnoun

(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

thematic vowels are part of the stem

Stemverb

cause to point inward;

stem your skis

Rootnoun

the place where something begins, where it springs into being;

the Italian beginning of the RenaissanceJupiter was the origin of the radiationPittsburgh is the source of the Ohio Rivercommunism's Russian root

Stemverb

stop the flow of a liquid;

staunch the blood flowthem the tide

Rootnoun

a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number

Stemverb

remove the stem from;

for automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed

Rootnoun

the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation

Rootnoun

someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

Rootnoun

a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

Rootnoun

the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support

Rootverb

take root and begin to grow;

this plant roots quickly

Rootverb

come into existence, originate;

The problem roots in her depression

Rootverb

plant by the roots

Rootverb

dig with the snout;

the pig was rooting for truffles

Rootverb

take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for;

We all rooted for the home teamI'm pulling for the underdogAre you siding with the defender of the title?

Rootverb

become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style;

He finally settled down

Rootverb

cause to take roots

Comparison Chart

StemRoot
It grows above the soil.It grows below the soil.
Origination
It arises from the plumule part of the embryo.It arises from the radicle part of the embryo.
Chlorophyll
It contains chlorophyll.It does not contain chlorophyll.
Phototropism
It usually tends to grow upward in the direction of light.It usually tends to grow away from the direction of light.
Diameter
It has a large diameter.It has a small diameter.
Outgrowths
It bears leaves, nodes, and internodes.It does not bear leaves, nodes, and internodes.
Buds
Terminal and Axillary buds are present in Stems.Terminal and Axillary bud is absent in Roots.

Stem vs. Root

Stem lies above the ground level. Roots lie underground. The shoot is the portion of Stem which bears leaves, whereas roots don’t bear leaves. The Stem is also known as the central bone or basic structure of the plant body. The Root is known as the heart of the plant, which supplies it with water minerals and nutrients.

The Stem takes water and other minerals from the roots and delivers it to all the parts of the plant. Roots anchor the plant; they spread themselves in the soil to absorb water and minerals and transfer them to the Stem, leaves, and other parts of the plant through vascular bundles.

During the process of seed germination, the Stem arises from the plumule, while the roots originate from radicals. A stem may be present under the ground, but a root can’t lie above the soil surface.

What is Stem?

The Stem is the central portion of the primary axis of the plant, which develops from the plumule. The leaf-bearing Stem is known as shoot. A branch is also a shoot. The part of the Stem from which a leaf arises is called a Node. The portion between two successive nodes is termed as Internode.

Stems can be Annuals (one growing season), Biennials (two growing seasons), and Perennials (for several years). Stems may be aerial such as climbers or trailers. Underground stems like rhizome superficially look like Root, but they can be recognized by distinguishing features.

Layers of Stem

  • Epidermis: The outer part of the Stem that provides stability and acts as a shield from wind and rain.
  • Phloem: It is transport tubes of the plants, moves stable molecules from one part of the plant to another section.
  • Xylem: It is like phloem, but instead of transporting foods, it carries water and dissolved minerals from roots.

What is Root?

The Root is the cylindrical plant organ, which arises from the radicle. It does not bear leaves or nodes. It is covered at its tip by the root cap. The Root contains hairs that aids in the absorption of water and minerals from the soil. Their main functions are to anchor the plant, store food, provide shelter to nitrogen-fixing bacteria, provide extra support to the plant, for which the roots undergo various types of modifications.

Roots bend in the direction of temperature that is most favorable for growth and tends to grow in the course of moisture supply. When a seed germinates, the embryonic root (radicle) gradually elongate and form the Primary Root.

Layers of Root

  • Epidermis: It is only one-celled thick. This phenomenon increases in some plants due to the presence of root hairs, which are small extensions of the skin.
  • Endodermis: It is a tightly packed layer act as transport balance between cortex and vascular cylinder.
  • Vascular Cylinder: It is inside of endodermis and pericycle surrounds it. The pericycle is a layer of cells that initiates the growth of branch roots. Xylem and phloem cells are present that transport water and food.
Conclusion

The stem is the part of a plant that arises from plumule and grows in the direction of light above the soil. The root is the part of a plant that occurs from radical and grows away from the direction of light under the ground.