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Difference Between Botany and Zoology

Main Difference

The main difference between Botany and Zoology is that Botany is the branch of science that deals with the study of plants, whereas Zoology is the branch of science that deals with the study of the animals.

Botany vs. Zoology

Botany is the scientific study of the plant, fungi, and algae kingdoms; on the other hand, zoology is the scientific study of the animal kingdom. The persons who study botany are known as the botanists; on the flip side, the persons who study zoology known as the zoologists.

Botany also studies the structure, functions, and the behaviors of the plants, conifers, mosses, ferns, fungi, lichens, and algae; on the flip side, zoology studies the structural anatomy, physiology, habits, classification, evolution, genetics, ecology, behavior, and energy conversion of the animals. The main person as the father of botany is the Theophrastus; on the other hand, the father of the zoology is Aristotle, who is known as the main person in this field.

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In botany, the nomenclatures to the plants, fungi, and algae are given by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature; on the other hand, in zoology, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature gives the nomenclature to the whole animal kingdom.

Comparison Chart

BotanyZoology
It is the study of plants, fungi, and algae.It is the study of the whole kingdom Animalia.
The Persons Who Studies
The persons who study botany are known as plant scientists or botanist.The persons who study zoology are known as animal scientists or zoologists.
Main Persons
Father of botany is TheophrastusFather of zoology is Aristotle
Nomenclature
The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature gives the nomenclatureThe International Code of Zoological Nomenclature gives the nomenclature
Study Of
It includes the study of the plants, fungi, and algaeIt includes the study of the whole animal kingdom
Researches And Studies
Deals with plant structure, growth, differentiation, reproduction, biochemistry, chemical products, diseases, systematics, and plant taxonomy.It includes vast studies of animal structural anatomy, physiological, formation, systematic, and ethology.
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What is Botany?

Botany is the branch of science that deals with the scientific study of plants and plant-like organisms, such as the algae and fungi. It also includes the study of the mosses, ferns, and lichens. Botany is also known as plant biology. It includes vast areas of study, development, and research. Botany includes researches and studies in detail about plant life.

Word botany derived from the Ancient Greek word ‘botane’ meaning fodder, grass, pasture. The three major groups of fungi, algae, and plants are the vitals of the botany field under the International Botanical Congress. It studies the structure of the whole body of plants, functions of different parts of plants, growth of different parts of plants, including the differentiation of the cells of plants and plant-like organisms such as ferns, mosses, etc.

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Botany is not the recent branch of biology; it has its origin since the prehistoric times. This field also includes the studies and researches of the forestry, plantation, agriculture, genetic modification, breeding, and plant propagation, horticulture, synthesis of the raw materials for the construction, and the conservation of energy. It helps in the maintenance of the environment and biodiversity.

It also includes some subdivisions of other fields of science and technology. The persons who study botany are known as the botanists or plant scientists. The main person who first studies botany was the Theophrastus, who is known as the father of the botany. The international committee of botany gives the nomenclatures of the plants and their related organisms.

What is Zoology?

Zoology is the branch of science that deals with the science of the whole animal kingdom. It also includes all the animals such as fishes, reptiles, mammals, amphibians. The zoology is also known as animal biology. It includes the vast areas of study, researches, and development of animals. It mainly concerns about the details of animal life.

The word zoology is derived from the Ancient Greek word ‘zoon,’ meaning the animal. The word ‘logos’ has a meaning of study or knowledge. It mainly deals with the structural anatomy, physiology, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, growth and differentiation, and distribution of types of cells, including both the dead or living.

Like botany, it is also not a recent branch of biology. It has its vastness in itself. It also includes some interdisciplinary subdivisions of the other fields of science and technology. It is also used to study the growth, and the development of human beings starts from their embryo to the adult stage. They are further subdivided into different branches for the convenient study of the whole animal kingdom.

The persons who study zoology are also known as zoologists. The international committee also gives the nomenclatures of the whole animal kingdom. This vast field includes physiology, histology, embryology, anatomy, etc. The first main person who studies zoology in detail was the Aristotle.

Key Differences

  1. Botany is a branch of biology that studies the plants and plant-like organisms; on the flip side, zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animals.
  2. The father of botany is the Theophrastus; on the other hand, the father of zoology is the Aristotle.
  3. The nomenclature in botany is given by a committee named International Code of Botanical Nomenclature; on the flip side, the nomenclature in the zoology is given by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.
  4. The studies and researches in the botany field include the structure, function, growth and differentiation, reproduction, and diseases of plants; on the other hand, the studies and researches in the zoology field include the animal structure, physiological, evolutionary, and systematics of animals.
  5. Botany is the scientific study of the plants, fungi, algae, ferns, conifers, mosses, and lichens, on the flip side, zoology is the scientific study of the whole animal kingdom.

Conclusion

The above discussion concludes that the Botany is the scientific study of the whole plant kingdom and plant-like organisms, whereas the Zoology is the scientific study of the whole animal kingdom.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White