Difference Between Frog and Toad

Main Difference

The main difference between frog and toad is that frog is known for its jumping abilities, grumbling sound, slimy skin, and bulging eyes whereas toad has bumpy and warty skin, short legs, and do not have bulging eyes and teethes.

Frog vs. Toad

The frog needs to live near water to moisturize its skin, whereas toad does not need to live near water or ponds to survive because it has a nocturnal skin. Frog and toad have similarity in diets because both are omnivorous feed on small fish, algae, worms, insects, and other swamp creatures. Frog is capable of very long jumps due to their longer hind legs while toad walk or crawl due to short hind legs. Frog has moist and smooth skin; on the other hand, toad tends to bumpy, dry, and possibly warty skin. Frog lay eggs in clusters or masses; on the contrary, toad lay eggs in chains or some do not lay eggs rather give birth to young. Frog has vomerine teeth in the upper jaw, on the flip side, the toad has no teethed. The frog does not have any defense mechanism so have more predators whereas toad has defense mechanisms against predators because they produce toxins which burn eyes of predators and tends to have fewer predators. Frog is most lively during the day while toad mostly sleeps during the day. Frog has bulging eyes while toad does not have bulging eyes. The life span of frog and toad is same which average is 7 to 14 years while some also live to 40 years.

Comparison Chart

FrogToad
Frog is known for its jumping abilities, grumbling sound, slimy skin, teethes and bulging eyesToad has bumpy and warty skin, short legs, and do not have bulging eyes and teethes.
Habitat
It prefers moist and wet environmentsPrefer dry area but also adapt to moist areas as well.
Characteristics
Amphibians, keeping moistly in waterAmphibians, keeping moistly on land
Skin
Moist, slimy and smoothBumpy, warty and dry
Eyes
Have bulging eyes.Do not have bulging eyes, instead of poison gland behind eyes.
Food
Eat insects, small fish, snails, spiders, worms, etc.Eat insects, worms, grubs, slugs, and other invertebrates.
Teethes
Have vomerine teeth in their upper jaw.Have no teethes.
Eggs
Lay eggs in clusters.Lay eggs in long chains; some do not lay eggs rather give birth to young.
Hind legs
Long, powerful jumping hind legsShorter hind legs for walking and crawling
Defense Mechanism
Does not have any defense mechanismToad has defense mechanisms against predators because they produce toxins.

What is Frog?

Frog live near water to survive, reproduce and moisturize its skin. Frog has smooth, slimy and moist skin. Diet of frog includes insects, small fish, snails, spiders, worms, etc. because they are omnivorous. The tongue of a toad is long, sticky that launches out of its mouth to capture prey like small mice, birds, and bugs. The tongue captures and carries back prey to the mouth. Frog has a longer tongue than a toad. Frog has long, powerful hind legs that help frog in jumping and hopping. Frog has bulge out eyes and round. Frog lay eggs in clumps and clusters in water and young lives in water. They also reproduce in the water where frog attaches to the female back, and female frog lays eggs, then male fertilizes those eggs. Frog has vomerine teeth in their upper jaw which stop their prey from escaping from mouth. The frog doesn’t bother to chew their food rather swallow whole meal.

What is Toad?

Toad lives on land and does not need water to survive. Toad has bumpy, warty nocturnal, and dry skin. Toad also has a long and sticky tongue which is used to capture prey and carries back to its mouth. Toad does not have teethes, so they swallow its whole meal. Diet of toad includes Insects, worms, grubs, slugs, and other invertebrates because they are also omnivorous. Toad has short hind legs, so, instead of hoping they walk and crawl on the ground. Toad does not have bulge out eyes like a frog. Toad lay eggs in long chains; some do not lay eggs rather give birth to their young. Toad has defense mechanisms against predators because they produce toxins which smell and burns the eyes of predators and tends to have fewer predators.

Key Differences

  1. The frog needs to live near water to moisturize its skin, whereas toad does not need to live near water or ponds to survive because it has a nocturnal skin.
  2. Frog is capable of very long jumps due to their longer hind legs while toad walk or crawl due to short hind legs.
  3. Frog has moist and smooth skin; on the other hand, toad tends to bumpy, dry, and possibly warty skin.
  4. Frog and toad have similarity in diets because both are omnivorous feed on small fish, algae, worms, insects, and other swamp creatures.
  5. Frog lay eggs in clusters or masses; on the contrary, toad lay eggs in chains or some do not lay eggs rather give birth to young.
  6. The frog does not have any defense mechanism so have more predators whereas toad has defense mechanisms against predators because they produce toxins which burn eyes of predators and tends to have fewer predators.
  7. Frog has vomerine teeth in the upper jaw, on the flip side, the toad has no teethed.
  8. Frog is most lively during the day while toad mostly sleeps during the day.
  9. Frog has bulging eyes while toad does not have bulging eyes.
  10. The life span of frog and toad is same which average is 7 to 14 years while some also live to 40 years.

Conclusion

Above discussion concludes that frog has jumping abilities, grumbling sound, slimy skin, and bulging eyes whereas toad has bumpy and warty skin, short legs, and do not have bulging eyes and teethes.

Janet White

Janet White is a writer and blogger for Difference Wiki since 2015. She has a master's degree in science and medical journalism from Boston University. Apart from work, she enjoys exercising, reading, and spending time with her friends and family. Connect with her on Twitter @Janet__White

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