Centromere vs. Kinetochore

The main difference between centromeres and kinetochore is that centromere is the section of a chromosome to which the microtubules of the spindle assign, through kinetochore, in cell division. Whereas kinetochore is a complex of proteins link with the centromere of a chromosome in a cell division to which the microtubules of the spindle attach. […]

Mitochondria vs. Plastids

The main difference between the mitochondria and plastids is that the mitochondria is a double membranous and containing fluid-filled sac organelle that helps in energy production and cell respiration whereas plastids are a double membrane and fluid-filled organelle present only in plants which involve in photosynthesis and storage of food. Mitochondria are involved in cell […]

Gamete vs. Genotype

The main difference between gamete and genotype is that gamete is a sex cell on the other hand genotype is the genetic makeup of the cell. Gametes are the sex cells which are of two types’ male sex cell known as sperm and female sex cell known as ova or egg. Sperms are found in […]

Ketosis vs. Ketoacidosis

The main difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis is that ketosis is a metabolic state whereas ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes it occurs when one’s body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. A low carbohydrate diet is a trigger of ketosis whereas poor diabetes management is a leading trigger of ketoacidosis. Other triggers […]

Meningitis vs. Encephalitis

The main difference between meningitis and encephalitis is that the meningitis is the inflammation of brain membranes whereas encephalitis is the acute inflammation of the brain parenchyma. Meningitis is the swelling of the membranes (meninges) coverings around the brain, and spinal cord while Encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain. In meningitis, symptoms are a […]

Endothermic Reactions vs. Exothermic Reactions

The main difference between endothermic reactions and exothermic reactions is that endothermic reaction is a type of reaction in which heat is absorbed from the surrounding while the exothermic reaction is the reaction in which heat is released into the surrounding. On the basis of energy or heat, the chemical reactions are classified into two […]

Diarrhea vs. Dysentery

The main difference between diarrhea and dysentery is that diarrhea is the disease of small intestine whereas dysentery is the disease of the colon. Diarrhea is characterized as abnormally loose or watery stools with inflammation of small intestine whereas dysentery is described by mucus or blood in stool with abdominal pain and cramps because of […]

Thyroid vs. Parathyroid

The main difference between the thyroid and parathyroid gland is that a thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped vascular organ that is located in the neck on the other hand parathyroid glands are actually four small glands of the endocrine system also present in the neck behind the thyroid gland and regulate the calcium in our […]

Genus vs. Species

The main difference between Genus and Species is that Genus is a rank in the classification of the organism, below Family and above Species, and Species is the taxonomic unit, ranking below a Genus. A species is a group of populations in which genes are exchanged through the way of interbreeding or matting. Genus and […]

Endotoxin vs. Exotoxin

The main difference between endotoxin and exotoxin is that endotoxin is lipopolysaccharides protein complexes which are the structural component of the cell wall of bacteria whereas exotoxin is the protein secreted by the specific bacteria. Endotoxins are the lipopolysaccharides that are an integral part of the cell membrane of the gram-negative bacteria and become toxin […]

Acute Disease vs. Chronic Disease

The main difference between acute disease and chronic disease is that the medical condition which takes place instantly and lasts for a short period is called acute disease while the medical condition in which the disease occurs slowly but continues for an extended period is called chronic disease. But sometimes an acute disease may changes […]

Pest vs. Insect

The main difference between pest and insect is that pest is a destructive creature for the crops and livestock whereas insect is a small creature which may or may not be harmful. A pest is an animal or plant which has a harmful effect on humans their food or their living conditions while insects are […]

Flora vs. Fauna

The main difference between Flora and Fauna is that Flora refers the study of the plant’s life existing in a precise area or constituency; however, fauna discusses the study of an animal’s life living in any geographical or geological period or range. Flora is the term used for plant life, and Fauna is the term […]

E. Coli vs. Klebsiella

The main difference between E Coli and Klebsiella is that E. Coli is a rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Escherichia whereas Klebsiella is the genus of the rod-shaped bacteria. E.coli is a rod-shaped, a facultative anaerobic, gram-negative and nonsporulating bacterium of the genus Escherichia with family Enterobacteriaceae whereas Klebsiella is a genus of rod-shaped, gram-negative […]

Cytoplasm vs. Cytoskeleton

The main difference between cytoplasm and cytoskeleton is that the cytoplasm is the thick, jelly-like fluid in which the cellular components and organelles are embedded in conversely cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance in which all the cell organelles embedded in while cytoskeleton […]

Germ Cells vs. Somatic Cells

The main difference between Germ cells and Somatic Cells is that germ cells create the reproductive cells of a new individual by half the number of chromosomes of a somatic cell. Somatic cells are a regular type of cells of a living organism other than the reproductive cells (germ cells). Germ cells refer to a […]

Egestion vs. Excretion

The main difference between Egestion and Excretion is that Egestion is the discharge of undigested food material from the body of living organisms, whereas Excretion is the discharge of metabolic waste from cell formed by chemical reaction of the body, such as in sweat, urine, etc. Egestion is the passing out of undigested material from […]

Tissue vs. Organ

The main difference between tissue and organ is that the tissue is the group of cells that perform a similar function while the organ is the group of tissues that perform a similar function. There is a great diversity of life that exists on earth but, the cell is known as the basic structural and […]

Myopia vs. Hyperopia

The main difference between Myopia and Hyperopia is that Myopia is a condition of the eye in which a person cannot see the far away things also known as short-sightedness. While in the case of Hyperopia condition, a person cannot see the near objects also known as long-sightedness. The common eye problems are myopia or […]

Mitochondria vs. Chloroplast

The main difference between mitochondria and chloroplast is that mitochondria are the organelle that is responsible for energy metabolism and cellular respiration while chloroplast is responsible for photosynthesis. The cell is known as the structural and functional unit of life. It is further composed of different type and number of organelles according to the type […]

Cyst vs. Tumor

The main difference between cyst and tumor is that a cyst is a sac that is filled with a fluid or air etc. while a tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue. There is a large number of diseases that humans are facing due to multiple causes. Cyst and tumor both are also widespread problems […]

Invertebrates vs. Vertebrates

The main difference between invertebrates and vertebrates is that invertebrates do not have the backbone with the spinal cord, but in the case of vertebrates animals have a well developed internal skeleton of cartilage and bone. Animals are divided into two major groups, one is the invertebrates, and the other one is vertebrates. Invertebrates are […]

Internal Fertilization vs. External Fertilization

The key difference between internal fertilization and external fertilization is that in internal fertilization, a fusion of male and female gametes or fertilization takes place inside the body while in external fertilization fusion of gametes or fertilization takes place outside the body of the organism. Fertilization is the most important step in sexual reproduction. Fertilization […]

Solar Eclipse vs. Lunar Eclipse

Main Difference The main difference between a solar eclipse and lunar eclipse is that a solar eclipse happens when the Moon proceeds between the Earth and the Sun, obstruct all or a section of the Sun. An eclipse may be total, partial, or annular and a lunar eclipse happens when the Earth moves between the […]

Invention vs. Innovation

The main difference between invention and innovation is that while the invention is an act of designing, discovering or creating a new process, product, device or method; innovation is transforming or updating an existing product, device, method or process in order to enhance its value. The invention is a novel idea while innovation is transforming […]

Turner Syndrome vs. Klinefelter Syndrome

The main difference between Turner Syndrome and Klinefelter Syndrome is that Turner Syndrome is the change in the genetic chromosomes in females while a Klinefelter Syndrome is a change in ancestral chromosomes in men. Turner syndrome is the genetic abnormality of females while Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic abnormality of men. Turner syndrome was discovered […]

Distance vs. Displacement

The main difference between distance and displacement is that the distance is the actual physical length between two points while displacement is the length of the shortest route between these two points. Distance and displacement are two terms in Physics which are used to indicate the length between two locations, points or objects. Distance is […]

Solid vs. Liquid vs. Gas

The main difference between solid, liquid and gas is that solid is a state of matter with tightly packed particles in a specific shape while liquid has loosely packed particles without any specific shape whereas gas has freely moving particles and covers the shape of the container in which it is enclosed. Everything in this […]

Bacteria vs. Fungi

The key difference between bacteria and fungi is that bacteria is a prokaryotic unicellular organism while fungi is a eukaryotic multicellular organism. All the organisms that are found on earth are broadly classified into two main types, i.e., prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prokaryotes are the primitive type of microorganisms that are single-celled and lack membrane-bounded organelles […]

Convex Mirror vs. Concave Mirror

The main difference between the convex mirror and the concave mirror is that the convex mirror always forms a diminished image while image by concave mirror may be enlarged or diminished depending upon the position of the object. A mirror is an object with smooth polished or shiny surface and reflects light in some range […]