Algae vs. Fungi
Algae are a group of simple, typically autotropic organisms, ranging from unicellular to multicellular forms. Fungi are a group of unicellular or multinucleate organisms that live and grow on decomposed matter.
The body of algae is unicellular or multicellular known as thallus which is usually not differentiated into root, stem, and leaves.
The branch of biology which study fungi is called mycology.
Algae are autotrophs and prepare their food with the help of chlorophyll and photosynthesis by using the simple organic material by themselves.
Both algae and fungi are thallophytes because their body is not differentiated into stem, root, and leaves.
The body of fungi is simple, primitive, unicellular or multicellular and known as mycelium.
Fungi can live in dark places.
Fungi are heterotroph and cannot make their own They obtain their food from other organisms.
Fungi reserves their food in the form of glycogen and oil globules.
The branch of biology which deals with the study of algae is called phycology.
Algae cannot live in darkness because they have to make food.
Algae reserves their food in the form of starch.
Abundantly present in water bodies, terrestrial areas, and some unusual areas such as ice, snow, etc.
More prominent in moist habitat
Zoospores, aplanospores and chlamydospores
Canidiospores, zoospores and aplanospores
Light, minerals from water
Nutrients from carbon based life forms
Cell wall composition
Carbohydrates and cellulose
Latin for seaweed
Latin for mushroom
Originates from the Greek word, “sphongos” meaning sponge.
Asexual and complex
Sexual, asexual and spore dispersal
Parasitic and saprophytes
Food, Firewood, Enricher, dyes, bioremediation, pollution control of air and plastics, energy source.
Food, drug, medicine, pest control, industrial chemicals, and enzymes.
Seaweed and freshwater moss
Mushrooms, yeast, and truffles
Algae and Fungi Definitions
Any of numerous photosynthetic organisms of aquatic or moist habitats, ranging in size from single-celled diatoms to large seaweeds such as kelp, and characterized by a lack of complex organs and tissues. Once classified within the plant kingdom, the algae are now considered to include several unrelated groups belonging to different kingdoms.
Algal organisms viewed collectively or as a mass; algal growth.
(pathology) Spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
(countable) A particular kind of algae.
Alternative spelling of fungee
A style of folk and popular music from the Virgin Islands, traditionally performed by bands consisting of banjo, guitar, ukulele, and washboard with various percussion instruments on rhythm.
Primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves
A group of thallophytic plant-like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a great variety of ways, though sexual reproduction is known to occur in certain Phycomycetes, or so-called algal fungi. They include the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each. In the two-kingdom classification system they were classed with the plants, but in the modern five-kingdom classification, they are not classed as plants, but are classed in their own separate kingdom fungi, which includes the phyla Zygomycota (including simple fungi such as bread molds), Ascomycota (including the yeasts), Basidiomycota (including the mushrooms, smuts, and rusts), and Deuteromycota (the fungi imperfecti). Some of the forms, such as the yeasts, appear as single-celled microorganisms, but all of the fungi are are eukaryotic, thus distinguishing them from the prokaryotic microorganisms of the kingdon Monera.
The taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
(pun) the one who buys the drinks
What is Algae?
Algae are most frequently present in aquatic bodies, but few forms also survive on rocks or hard matters in a humid environment. Sometimes algae grow as epiphytes. Thallus (body of algae) is made up of parenchyma cells. Cells of algae contain chloroplast because of which algae seems green in color. They are known to be related to the plants because algae contain chlorophyll. But sometimes this pigment is masked by other pigments and algae appear in brown or red colors. But they lack roots and stems. Algae size varies from a few microscopic to over 100 feet in length, but it depends on the type of algae. They can also reproduce by many from simple asexual cell division to complex forms of sexual reproduction. They mostly reproduce by sexually, asexually and vegetative. There are almost 25,000 species of algae are present in the world. Algae is categorized into six phyla namely; Chrysophyta, Euglenophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, and Rhodophyta. It is said that the first plant on earth derived from freshwater algae such as Chara almost 500 million years ago. Some types of algae can develop a symbiotic relationship with other organisms, where they provide organic matter. Coral reefs, Lichens, and sea sponges are a few of these organisms that obtain nutrients from algae. Some algae forms are also edible such as seaweeds. Other examples of algae are Spirogyra, Volvox, Chlorella, Chlamydomonas and Gelidium Fucus.
What is Fungi?
Term fungi have derived from Latin word “fungus” which means mushroom. Derivation of this word is from Greek word “sphongos” which means sponge. Fungi are a collection of unicellular or multinucleate organisms that survive on decomposed substances. Kingdom fungi differ from plants because of the cell wall. The cell wall of plants is composed of cellulose while cell wall of fungi consists of chitin. But fungi are considered similar to plants because of immobility, growing in soil, similar morphology and growth habitat. Fungi can replicate by both sexual and asexual methods. Fungi are considered both symbiotic and parasitic in nature. Fungi most commonly survive on carbon-based life forms such as insects, plants, animals, and human. They covert organic matter into inorganic matter and play an important role in nutrient cycling and exchange. There are 40,000 species of fungi found worldwide. Classes of fungi are zygomycetes, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, and fungi imperfect. Humans use fungi as food. Examples of edible fungi are yeast, mushrooms, and truffles. But there are some rare mushrooms which are poisonous in nature. Fungi are also useful in the production of antibiotics, detergents, and pesticides. Some mushrooms are called magic mushrooms which have psychedelic properties and are used as recreational drugs. Examples of fungi are Rhizopus Penicillium, Morchella, Agaricus, and Yeast.