Machine Cycle vs. Clock Cycle
Definition of Machine Cycle
A machine cycle defines itself as the step that gets performed by the processor getting employed in a device and all the instructions that get implemented. It is a combination of four different processes that go along before an instruction becomes valid. It gets known that the computer works differently than other devices and has to understand whatever data that gets thrown their way. There are four main steps involved in the complete cycle, and they are called fetch, decode, execute and store. The first step is collecting the instructions that are coming the device’s way and doing that a control unit is required; whatever data originates from the main memory to the control unit is based on the particular things mentioned. The next step is decoding that information. A human being inputs the things they require through keyboard but the computer works on the bits and bytes. All this information is then decoded correctly to make it comfortable for the device to understand. The third step is to execute the commands; all the data is now in the system; it then converts to the proper format that the machine understands now the controls performed. The last step is the store process after the action completes the final result and all the related activities then go to the memory unit where they get stored on the hard drive. Data get moved and deleted according to the user, and the whole process gets repeated. These four steps complete the cycle which becomes critical when the machine has to work in an efficient manner.
Definition of Clock Cycle
Most of the times efficiency are the thing everyone is worried about. When we buy a computer or a new device, the main thing asked by the user is that how fast the device works. This action, along with similar information is stored within the system and is known for the clock cycle. A simple way of defining the term will be that a clock cycle for the computer is the time between two head-to-head pulses generated by the oscillator that sets the tempo of the device. A number of pulses produced during one second are called the clock cycle and the unit for measuring it is megahertz or millions of pulses per second. In the recent times when the technology is advanced a lot, even gigahertz gets used for the same calculation. The item which helps in finding the speed about the system is the quartz-crystal circuit that gets employed in other devices such as radio communication equipment. Most of the standard processes have the ability to perform one instruction at each second, while the difficult ones, get to perform more than one instruction during each second. Another factor that helps in determining the speed is the bit number; a 16-bit computer will have a slower clock cycle as compared to the one in a 32-bit cycle. A processor that has faster clock cycle will get more work done at the same time. This term gets more prominent even in devices such as notepads and cell phones where speed is critical for people who navigate through the touchscreens.