Abiotic vs. Biotic: What's the Difference?

Key Difference

In the biology and ecology, Abiotic refers to all the non-living factors present in the ecosystem. We can say that all the non-living components that make up an ecosystem are the Abiotic components or factors. One the other hand all those factors present in the ecosystem that are living in nature are referred as Biotic Factors. We can also say that living organism in a particular ecosystem or environment is its biotic components or factors. Common Biotic factors in an ecosystem include animals, birds, plants, humans, bacteria, fungi, algae, etc. Common abiotic components of an ecosystem include water, air, minerals, rocks, light, etc.

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Comparison Chart

Abiotic Biotic
Definition Abiotic is the biological and ecological term that refers to all the non-living components present in an ecosystem. Biotic is the biological and ecological term that refers to all the living components present in an ecosystem.
Role in Ecosystem The major role of abiotic components is to create boundaries for the living organism in a particular ecosystem such as water, air, etc. They are responsible for the maintenance and regulation of ecosystem environment and food process chain at all the levels.
Affects These factors affect the living organism and their abilities to survive and live inside a particular sort of ecosystem. Suitable living organisms coping with abiotic factors can only survive. Living factors do influence the non-living factors as they are responsible for many processes like decomposition etc. that are directly involved in the level of Abiotic factors.
Scope They are present in every part of the world. They are also found in almost every part of the hemisphere.
Example Water, soil, rocks, mountains, air, moisture, sunlight, etc. Animals, birds, plants, humans, bacteria, algae, fungi, microorganisms, etc.
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What is Abiotic?

The term Abiotic refers to all the nonliving components and factors present in an ecosystem or environment. In the Biology and Ecology, the factors or components that are non-living in nature are called Abiotic components. We can also say that the non-living factors that make up an ecosystem are known as Abiotic Factors. Common sort of Abiotic factors that are present in almost every kind of ecosystem is water, air, soil, light, mountains, rocks, minerals, etc. The ecosystem is a system comprising of all the abiotic and biotic factors present inside a particular environment that interact with each other and depends on each other’s actions. The study of the ecosystem and its biological and non-living components is termed as Ecology. Abiotic factors are the non-living components of an ecosystem that affects the living and style of living components accordingly. Major ecosystems of the world include the desert, forest, oceans, etc. They are also referred as a chemical or physical component of an ecosystem.

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What is Biotic?

Biotic is the term that is used for the living organisms present in an ecosystem. In biology and ecology, biotic components or factors are all the living organisms present in a particular ecosystem. For example animals, birds, humans, bacteria, fungi, algae and all the microorganisms present in any of the specific ecosystem all are correlated with each other and do influence each other lives collaborating with the non-living factors. All the examples mentioned above are the most common and most widely found biotic components that are present in almost every kind of ecosystem. Biotic factors living in any ecosystem or environment are quite influenced by each other and especially by Abiotic factors. The biotic components include from all the levels of living organisms. It includes the producers, consumers, decomposers, etc. All the living organisms present in the food chain like primary producers, herbivores, omnivore, carnivores, etc. Living organisms also do influence the abiotic factors as they are responsible for the decomposition and another various process similar to it.

Abiotic vs. Biotic

  • Abiotic is the term that refers to all the non-living components and factors present in a particular ecosystem or environment.
  • Biotic is the biological and ecological term which refer towards all the living organisms present in the ecosystems of the world.
  • Water, soil, air, rocks, mineral, mountains, sunlight, are the common examples of abiotic factors.
  • Birds, plants, animals, bacteria, human, algae, fungi and all the microorganisms are the examples of biotic factors.
  • Abiotic and biotic both components depend on each other regarding the successful existence of an ecosystem.

Explanatory Video

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