Acid vs. Base

Main Difference

Acids and bases are the chemical compounds which are said to be chemical opposites of each other. They are various properties, and definitions that can differentiate between both of them. Acids are said to be the chemical compounds that are the proton donors and when they are mixed in an aqueous solution, it rises the H+ ion concentration, whereas Bases are the chemical compounds that are the proton acceptors and when they are mixed in aqueous solution it increases the OH- ion concentration. Other than that they can be differentiated as acid is a chemical compound, which gives the higher hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH less than 7.0. Contrary to this, base is a chemical compound, which gives the lower hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH higher than 7.0.

Acid vs. Base — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Acid and Base

Acid vs. Base

Acids are said to be the chemical compounds that are the proton donors and when they are mixed in an aqueous solution, it rises the H+ ion concentration, whereas Bases are the chemical compounds that are the proton acceptors and when they are mixed in aqueous solution it increases the OH- ion concentration.

Acid vs. Base

Acid is a chemical compound, which gives the higher hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH less than 7.0. Contrary to this, base is a chemical compound, which gives the lower hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH higher than 7.0.

Acid vs. Base

Acids turn blue litmus paper red, on the other hand, bases turn red litmus paper blue.

Acid vs. Base

Acids usually have sour taste, whereas bases generally have the soapy taste.

Acidadjective

Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar.

acid fruits or liquors

Basenoun

Something from which other things extend; a foundation.

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Acidadjective

(figuratively) Sour-tempered.

Basenoun

A supporting, lower or bottom component of a structure or object.

Acidadjective

Of or pertaining to an acid; acidic.

Basenoun

The starting point of a logical deduction or thought; basis.

Acidadjective

(music) Denoting a musical genre that is a distortion (as if hallucinogenic) of an existing genre, as in acid house, acid jazz, acid rock.

Basenoun

A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.

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Acidnoun

A sour substance.

Basenoun

The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.

Acidnoun

(chemistry) Any of several classes of compound having the following properties:-

Basenoun

A basic but essential component or ingredient.

Acidnoun

Any of a class of water-soluble compounds, having sour taste, that turn blue litmus red, and react with some metals to liberate hydrogen, and with bases to form salts.

Basenoun

A substance used as a mordant in dyeing.

Acidnoun

Any compound that easily donates protons; a Brønsted acid

Basenoun

(cosmetics) Foundation: a cosmetic cream to make the face appear uniform.

Acidnoun

Any compound that can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond; a Lewis acid

Basenoun

(chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.

Acidnoun

(slang) lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)

Basenoun

Important areas in games and sports.

Acidnoun

any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt

Basenoun

A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek.

Acidnoun

street name for lysergic acid diethylamide

Basenoun

(baseball) One of the three places that a runner can stand without being subject to being tagged out.

Acidadjective

harsh or corrosive in tone;

an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prosea barrage of acid commentsher acrid remarks make her many enemiesbitter wordsblistering criticismcaustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethicsa sulfurous denunciation

Basenoun

(architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.

Acidadjective

containing acid;

an acid taste

Basenoun

A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.

Basenoun

(botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.

Basenoun

(electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a bipolar transistor (BJT).

Basenoun

(geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.

Basenoun

(heraldry) The lowest third of a shield or escutcheon.

Basenoun

(heraldry) The lower part of the field. See escutcheon.

Basenoun

(mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.

The logarithm to base 2 of 8 is 3.

Basenoun

(mathematics) lang=en.

Basenoun

(topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.

Basenoun

(topology) A topological space, looked at in relation to one of its covering spaces, fibrations, or bundles.

Basenoun

In hand-to-hand balance, the person who supports the flyer; the person that remains in contact with the ground.

Basenoun

(linguistics) A morpheme (or morphemes) that serves as a basic foundation on which affixes can be attached.

Basenoun

(music) lang=en

Basenoun

The smallest kind of cannon.

Basenoun

(archaic) The housing of a horse.

Basenoun

A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armour) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.

Basenoun

(obsolete) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.

Basenoun

(obsolete) An apron.

Basenoun

A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.

Basenoun

The game of prisoners' bars.

Baseverb

(transitive) To give as its foundation or starting point; to lay the foundation of.

Baseverb

(transitive) To be located (at a particular place).

Baseverb

To act as a base; to be the person supporting the flyer.

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Low in height; short.

Baseadjective

Low in place or position.

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Of low value or degree.

Baseadjective

(archaic) Of low social standing or rank; vulgar, common.

Baseadjective

Morally reprehensible, immoral; cowardly.

Baseadjective

Inferior; unworthy, of poor quality.

Baseadjective

Designating those metals which are not classed as precious or noble.

Baseadjective

Alloyed with inferior metal; debased.

base coinbase bullion

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Of illegitimate birth; bastard.

Baseadjective

Not classical or correct.

base Latin

Baseadjective

obsolete form of bass

the base tone of a violin

Baseadjective

(legal) Not held by honourable service.

A base estate is one held by services not honourable, or held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant is a base tenant.

Basenoun

any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;

bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia

Basenoun

installation from which a military force initiates operations;

the attack wiped out our forward bases

Basenoun

lowest support of a structure;

it was built on a base of solid rockhe stood at the foot of the tower

Basenoun

place that runner must touch before scoring;

he scrambled to get back to the bag

Basenoun

(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;

10 is the radix of the decimal system

Basenoun

the bottom or lowest part;

the base of the mountain

Basenoun

(anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;

the base of the skull

Basenoun

a lower limit;

the government established a wage floor

Basenoun

the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;

the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture

Basenoun

a support or foundation;

the base of the lamp

Basenoun

the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;

the base of the triangle

Basenoun

the most important or necessary part of something;

the basis of this drink is orange juice

Basenoun

the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end

Basenoun

an intensely anti-western terrorist network that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist group; has cells in more than 50 countries

Basenoun

(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

thematic vowels are part of the stem

Basenoun

the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;

the industrial base of Japan

Basenoun

the principal ingredient of a mixture;

glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointmentshe told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of greeneverything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base

Basenoun

a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;

a tub should sit on its own base

Basenoun

(electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector

Baseverb

use as a basis for; found on;

base a claim on some observation

Baseverb

use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes

Baseverb

assign to a station

Baseadjective

serving as or forming a base;

the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats

Baseadjective

(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;

base coins of aluminuma base metal

Baseadjective

of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);

baseborn wretches with dirty facesof humble (or lowly) birth

Baseadjective

not adhering to ethical or moral principles;

base and unpatriotic motivesa base, degrading way of lifecheating is dishonorablethey considered colonialism immoralunethical practices in handling public funds

Baseadjective

having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;

that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabbletaking a mean advantagechok'd with ambition of the meaner sortsomething essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics

Baseadjective

illegitimate

Baseadjective

debased; not genuine;

an attempt to eliminate the base coinage

Comparison Chart

AcidBase
Acid is a chemical compound that has a pH lower than 7, and has an ability to donate the protons and accept the electron pair, and when it is mixed or dissolved in an aqueous solution it increases the H+ ion concentration.Base is a chemical compound that has a pH higher than 7, and has an ability to accept the protons and donate the electron pair, and when it is mixed or dissolved in an aqueous solution it increases the OH- ion concentration.
Dissolved in Water
Acid gives the higher hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH less than 7.0.Base gives the lower hydrogen ion activity to the solution than the pure water, when it is being dissolved in water i.e. a pH higher than 7.0.
Litmus Paper
Acids turn blue litmus paper red.Bases turn red litmus paper blue.
Taste
SourSoapy
Example
Acetic acid (CH3COOH) Sulfuric acid, (H2SO4) Hydrochloric acid (HCl)Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH), Calcium Hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), NH3

What is Acid?

Acid is a chemical compound that has a pH lower than 7, and has an ability to donate the protons and accept the electron pair, and when it is mixed or dissolved in an aqueous solution it increases the H+ ion concentration. There are many definitions by the famous chemists about acids, as it is one of the integral compounds in chemistry. The above given definition is a compact definition that covers various properties of acids. Apart from that here are some of the famous definitions of acids. According to the Arrhenius, an acid is any chemical compound which when dissolved in water gives a solution with a hydrogen ion activity greater than in pure water. According to the Bronstead Lowry, An acid is a substance which donates a proton. According to the Lewis, acid is a compound or ionic species which can accept an electron pair from a donor compound. Acids are the compounds having a pH value less than 7, although lower the pH value, stronger the acid. They usually have sour taste, some examples of acids are Acetic acid (CH3COOH), Sulfuric acid, and (H2SO4) Hydrochloric acid (HCl). Acids turn blue litmus paper red, on the other hand, bases turn red litmus paper blue.

What is Base?

Base is a chemical compound that has a pH higher than 7, and has an ability to accept the protons and donate the electron pair, and when it is mixed or dissolved in an aqueous solution it increases the OH- ion concentration. According to the Arrhenius, a base is an aqueous substance that can accept hydrogen ions. According to the Bronstead Lowry, a base is any substance which accepts a proton. According to Lewis, base is a species that can donate a pair of electrons to an electron acceptor. As mentioned above base are the compounds having higher pH than 7, it should be kept mentioned here that higher the pH, the stronger the base. Salt which is another type of chemical compound on the basis of dissolution is formed as a result of chemical reaction between the acid and base. The process of reaction between acid and base is called neutralization and it produces water other than the formation of salts. Bases turn red litmus paper blue. Bases generally have the soapy taste, some common examples of bases are; Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH), Calcium Hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), NH3, etc.