Difference Between Civil Court and Criminal Court

Main Difference

Judiciary is the second most important pillar of a governance system after parliament. Judiciary enforce the law through different courts. These different courts deal with different kinds of legal problems. Criminal court, civil court, family court, traffic court, youth court, small claims court, etc. are different types of courts. Here, we will discuss about civil court and criminal court.

What is Civil Court?

Civil court refers to court that hear the cases except assault, robbery, murder, arson, rape, etc. This cost hears the cases relevant to business, agency, housing case, family case such as divorce or custody, consumer problems such as debt or bankruptcy or other cases relevant to damage to property or personal harm. The person or government, mostly a person, sues against another person because of dispute between them about money and debts, property, housing, an injury (car accident, medical malpractice, etc.), family issues, etc. The accused is liable to pay fine or part with property if he proved guilty.

What is Criminal Court?

Criminal court is a court that hear the cases relevant to crimes such as assault, robbery, murder, arson, rape, terrorism and other kinds of crimes. The government, known as prosecution, files a case against accused, known as defendant. The prosecution must prove with solid evidences that defendant is guilty without any reasonable doubt. If the accused or defendant is found guilty, he will be declared as criminal and send to jail or fine or both jail and fine. In murder or terrorism cases he may be given capital punishment.

Key Differences

  1. Criminal court power is more than civil court. Criminal court can order for both imprisonment and fine if crime is proved and civil court mostly order to pay money or fine.
  2. In civil court, a person or government file a case against another person or accused While in criminal court case is filed by the government.
  3. Civil court decisions results in monetary or equitable relief and criminal court decisions ends with talion relief.
  4. Civil court deals with assault, robbery, rape, etc. Criminal court deals with disputed regarding property, agreements, family matters, etc.
Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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