Difference Between Immigrant and Migrant

Main Difference

The main difference between the terms immigrant and migrant is that an immigrant is a person who comes to live in a country, and a migrant is a person who moves from a country.

Immigrant vs. Migrant

An immigrant is the one who moves to another country, mainly for permanent residence. Migrant is a person who is settling in a new place but does not want to call attention to where he came from or where he is going. The verb immigrate means you are coming into a country to live. Migrate means to move. An immigrant leaves one country or region and settles in another. Immigrate specifically refers to come into a new country, region, or environment, to settle there. Migrants leave for any number of reasons, including to find work, get an education, etc. The term can be applied to refugees. But not all migrants qualify as refugees. Immigrant relocate to a country. Migrant move from one region to another either within a country or across national borders. An immigrant is a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country, one who migrates into a country as a settler. Migrant (also migrant worker) is someone who moves from place to place to do seasonal work. Immigrate means to come in. It is from the destination. Migrate means moving. Immigrants willingly settle in a country. Migrants are mostly forced by any factor to move somewhere. An immigrant is an individual moving to a new country from his country of origin with due formalities at the embassy. Migrant is an individual moving from one place to another. Both immigrants and migrants can be people or birds, and typically refers not to a single individual or family but a larger demographic.

Comparison Chart

ImmigrantMigrant
A person comes to live in a countryA person who moves from a country
Refers To
Relocation to a countryMovement from one country to another
Includes
An individual or a familyMuch larger population
Used For
PeoplePeople, animals, and birds
Term
NarrowBroad

What is an Immigrant?

An immigrant refers to a person who moves to another country. An immigrant usually moves for permanent residence. The key to remember the word is its prefix, im-. Im-comes from the Latin word for ‘in.’ It reflects the fact that an immigrant is one who comes into a new country. Immigrant usually refers to an individual or a family. Generally, immigration refers to people. Immigration refers to settling in another region or country permanently. One thing is important to notice about immigrants, and they are the people who willingly settle in another country. An immigrant is an individual moving to a new country from his country of origin with due formalities at the embassy. An immigrant is not a broader term as a migrant. It refers to those who have moved to a foreign country to settle there. Immigration reflects the meaning of a permanent shift to somewhere. The person who shifts or permanently settle, i.e., who immigrates is an immigrant. Immigrants are not necessarily humans but also animals and birds.

Examples

  • Albert Einstein is an immigrant who immigrated to the United States.
  • Citizens from 17 European Union countries were given freedom to immigrate to Switzerland in 2007.

What is Migrant?

The term migrant is the root of both emigrant and immigrant. It too comes from Latin. The word migrate means to move from place to place. Its resulted words are migrant and migrate. Migrant is the word to choose when you are referring to people who are settling in a new place. One thing about migrant is that they do not want to call attention to where they came from or where they are going. It would not be wrong saying that they are the temporary settlers because a migrant is not necessarily settling in a new place permanently. Migrant is a broad term that includes refugees and people moving for economic reasons. A person within the process of relocating to another country or place, or has already moved is known as a migrant. In other words, someone “migrates from” a place. Migrate is a verb, and a migrant is a person who migrates. Migration mainly refers to the movement of a much larger population. The migrants are not necessarily humans but also animals and birds.

Examples

  • Jews migrants migrated from Europe to various parts of the world.
  • Kashmiri pundits were being forced to migrate from Kashmir to other parts of India.
  • Snowbirds who live in New England, but move temporarily to Florida in the winter are migrants.
  • Geese or butterflies are migrants when they head south for the winter.

Key Differences

  1. An immigrant is a person who comes to live in a country, whereas migrant is a person who moves from a country.
  2. An immigrant is the one who permanently relocates to another country on the flip side migrant is a person who is settling in a new place but does not want to call attention to where he is coming from or where he is going.
  3. The verb immigrates means to come to the verb conversely migrate means to move.
  4. An immigrant is a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country, one who migrates into a country as a settler while migrant (also migrant worker) is someone who moves from one place to another to do seasonal work.
  5. An immigrant is an individual moving to a new country from his country of origin with due formalities at the embassy; on the other hand; migrant is an individual moving from one place to another.

Conclusion

Immigrant and migrant are the terms for the people who move from or come into a country. Both the terms are different from one another and are not used interchangeably.

Author:

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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