Difference Between Al-Qaeda and Muslim Brotherhood


Main Difference

The key difference that exists between Al-Qaeda and Muslims Brotherhood is their main cause or ideology. Al-Qaeda has global agenda while Muslims Brotherhood is limited to the Egypt.

What is Al-Qaeda?

Al-Qaeda is a global militant Islamist organisation that was founded by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam along with other top militants on August 1988. It was formed during Soviet war in Afghanistan. It is multinational and non-official state army and an Islamist group. Some people also says the Al-Qaeda an extremist, jihadist, and Wahhabi group. United Nations Security Council, NATO, European Union and several other states, countries, and human organisations has been declared it as a terrorist organization. Over 12 banned organisations are allies of Al-Qaeda main of them are: Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, etc. Ayman al-Zawahiri is the current leader of Al-Qaeda. Al-Qaeda has global vision in respect of its ideology.


What is Muslim Brotherhood?

Muslim Brotherhood, or the Society of the Muslim Brothers or Al-Ikhwan Al-Muslimun is an Islamist organisation which was established in 1928 in Egypt by the Islamic scholar Hassan al-Banna. The motto of the Muslim Brotherhood was “Believers are but Brothers”. The slogan of the Muslim Brotherhood is: Allah is our objective; the Quran is the Constitution; the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) is our leader; Jihad is our way; and death for the sake of Allah is our wish. It has a complete structure of social activities that includes health clinics, sports club, schools and other training and skills development centers, mosques and Islamic centers. Mohammed Badie is the current general guide of the Muslim Brotherhood.


Key Differences

  1. Muslim Brotherhood was established in 1928 while Al-Qaeda was established in 1988 due to Soviet war in Afghanistan.
  2. Both Islamist organisations have different ideology. Muslim Brotherhood is based on the concept of human rights, Caliphate, democracy, Ijma, Islamic state, Jihad, Sharia, Shura, and Ummah. Al-Qaeda also owns all these concepts except democracy.
  3. Al-Qaeda never took part in democratic election process while Muslim Brotherhood had actively participated in 2012 elections of Egypt and established government as well that lasted for about 1 year.
  4. Al-Qaeda is still a jihadist group while Muslim Brotherhood is not as strong in the matter of Jihad as Al-Qaeda is.
  5. Muslim Brotherhood believes on social activities, sports club, modern education, etc. while these kinds of activities never practiced by the Al-Qaeda.
  6. Muslim Brotherhood has no relation or allies with any other Islamic group while Al-Qaeda has over 12 allies Islamist organisations.
  7. Over 21 countries including states and international organisations has declared Al-Qaeda a terrorist organisation while Muslim Brotherhood has been declared terrorist organisation by five countries.
  8. No Muslim country has declared Al-Qaeda as terrorist organisation while Muslim Brotherhood has been declared terrorist organisation by UAE and Saudi Arabia.
Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson