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Difference Between Volumetric Analysis and Titration

Main Difference

The main difference between Volumetric Analysis and Titration is that Volumetric Analysis used in situations where the analysis is carried out for analyzing a solution for several different unknown values, whereas Titration used where the deliberation of an unknown component in a solution found out by carrying out the technique.

Volumetric Analysis vs. Titration

The volumetric analysis referred to any quantitative chemical analysis in which the quantity of a substance measured in the situations where the analysis was done for analyzing a solution for several different unknown values. But in the case of titration, it is also a quantitative chemical procedure that carried out to find the concentration of only a single unknown component in a solution that is already a mixture of different components.

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Volumetric analysis is one of those practical techniques which is carried out by reaction of components in terms of volume to analyze and calculate the required variety of unknown values. In contrast, for titration, this procedure is carried out to determine the value of a single component only instead of a focus on all other values.

In terms of determining the values in a solution, volumetric analysis carried out to find the value of more than one component in a solution; however, titration is also the same process, but it used for determining the value of a single component in a solution only.

Volumetric analysis is carried out either by measuring the volume occupied by it or by volume of second substance that combines with it in known proportions, but titration is carried out only by reaction of a titrant with the solution of the analyte to determine the concentration of that analyte in that solution.

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Comparison Chart

Volumetric AnalysisTitration
It carried out in situations where the analysis was done for analyzing a solution for many different unknown valuesIt carried out to find the concentration of a single unknown component in a solution
Category
It is the Main category for analysisIt is a sub-category of Volumetric Analysis
Determinants
More than one determinants in a solutionOnly a single component
Process
It is carried out either by measuring the volume occupied by the component or by volume of second substance that combines with it in the known proportionsIt is carried out only by reaction of a titrant with the solution of analyte in the known proportion
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What is Volumetric Analysis?

Volumetric Analysis is a kind of quantitative chemical analysis in which the quantity of a substance measured in situations where the analysis is done for analyzing a solution for several different unknown values. In this chemical analysis, the amount or proportions of the substances in a solution are measured by using the volume that these substances have occupied. Here the capacity of the second substance when it associates with the component known as proportions, which are also known as titrimetric analysis or titration in a sense.

The first method is described above, derived by a French chemist known as Jean Baptiste Andre Dumas. Here he joined nitrogen with other elements in organic compounds. When these samples were weighed and then scorched into the furnace under a controlled environment, that will lead to the conversion of all nitrogen atoms to nitrogen gas.

The carried nitrogen then passed through the furnace with a stream of carbon dioxide and after its passing through a strong alkali solution to remove carbon dioxide from the solution. After the removal of carbon dioxide, the residual left nitrogen gas accumulated in a gas tube. The mass calculated for these nitrogen gas in the tube with the proportion of the area taken by it under a controlled environment.

Volumetric Analysis was thus used as one of those practical techniques which were carried out by reaction of components in terms of volume to analyze and calculate the required variety of unknown values. It used to find the value of more than one component in a solution. As discussed above, this process of volumetric Analysis is carried out either by measuring the volume occupied by it or by volume of second substance that associates with it in known proportions.

What is Titration?

Titration is also a quantitative chemical procedure that carried out to find unknown concentration components in a solution. But here it differs with volumetric analysis because of its focus on only a single unknown component in a solution that is already a mixture of different components.

It is carried out by the addition of a measured sample with a known quantity of another substance for deriving the required results, i.e., measuring the components in a solution. The desired constituent here reacts with a definite proportion leading to exact measurements of the component.

This process carried out by adding a standard solution, which is a mixture or a solution of known titrating agents with the help of a burette. This burette is a long neck tube that helps in measuring the quantity of that solution. This process stopped when a point, which is known as an equivalence point, reached.

At the point of equivalence, an exactly known proportion of the titrant is already added there in the sample. The endpoint of the process is indicated by a change in the color of an indicator or change in an electrical property of that solution.

In terms of determining the values in a solution, Titration is also the same process, but it is used for determining the value of a few components in a solution only as discussed above, and solution of the analyte is used to determine the concentration of that analyte in that solution giving details for the required element.

Key Differences

  1. Volumetric analysis is carried out when the analysis is done for analyzing a solution for several different unknown values for different components. On the other hand, titration carried out to find a concentration of only a single unknown component in a specific solution with specifically measured and known components.
  2. Volumetric analysis is carried out either by measuring the volume occupied by a component or by volume of second substance that combines with it in the known proportions. On the flip side, titration is carried out only by reaction of a single titrant with the solution in which analyte is already present for determining the concentration of that analyte in the solution.
  3. Volumetric analysis is carried out by reaction of components in terms of volume to analyze and calculate the required variety of unknown values; contrary to it, titration is the procedure which carried out to regulate the value of a single component only.
  4. One of the procedures of carrying out a volumetric analysis based on the technique used in a titration; therefore, titration is a sub-class for volumetric analysis.
  5. In terms of determining the values in a solution, volumetric analysis carried out to find the value of more than one component in a solution; however, titration is also the same process, but it used for determining the value of a single component in a solution only.

Conclusion

Volumetric Analysis is carried out for analyzing a solution for several different unknown values in a solution based on volume. In contrast, Titration is used for determining the concentration of a single unknown component in a solution.

Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss