Difference Between Provision and Reserve


Main Difference

The main difference between Provision and Reserve is that Provision is a specific amount that you place in sideways in your accounts to protect forthcoming accountability, whereas Reserve is a profit that is assuming for a particular purpose.

Provision vs. Reserve

The provision means to preserve some money for an identified responsibilities which are probable to ascend after a certain period, whereas the reserve is to recollect some cash from the proceeds for any specific future use. The figure of the provision is not overwhelming to compensate dividends, while the volume of the reserves is utilizing for providing a consistent dividend association. In provision, the remaining profit is figuring only next to giving outcome to all provisions, whereas reserves are making only after assessing income.


The provision means to protect industrial actions from predictable obligations, whereas reserve means to deliver more resources for the procedures of a business. The provision does not entail the existence of profit to assign, whereas, in reserve, there is a profit for it to allow. The amount of a provision is not defining precisely at the date of the Balance Sheet; nevertheless, the liability is identifying. On the other hand, the amount of a reserve depends upon the strategy and preference of the administration.

Provision is custody besides earnings, and it means that if there is a loss in business, it is a necessity and has to complete. The reserve is an assumption of profits, and it says If there is any turnover, the reserve will create otherwise there is no reserve need to create. Provision is showing on both sides of the Balance Sheet, whereas reserves show on the liability side of the Balance Sheet. In provision, the amount is not utilizing for different persistence except for they are creating, while in the reserve amount is using for any resolution because they signify undistributed profits.


Comparison Chart

Provision report certain expenditures in industry and expenses to prepare for them, it means to save money for future expected liabilityReserve is such profits that is taking for a particular purpose, and it means to hold a specific part of the profit for future use.
It secures business from costs rising from identified liabilitiesIt offers capital for running the business and protects it
Use For
Use for the specific purposeUse for any purpose
Dividend Payment
Dividend never pays out of provisions.Dividend payout of reserves
Presence of profit not necessary for allocationPresence of benefit requires for allocation
Decreases profits for dividend circulationDecreases net profit of the organization
Show on both sides of the balance sheetAlways show on the liability side of the balance sheet

What is Provision?

Provision is an essential part of a business, as it reports certain expenditures in industry and expenses to prepare for them. A provision mentions to the amount that is sideways from a company’s profits to insurance the fees standing up from a recognized expected liability or decrease in the cost of an asset. Provision are also designating as preparing you to ensure when a little is going to happen in the future.

Provision is the gratitude of a predictable obligation, which consequence is in the running down of cash from the business. The total of the liability merely appreciates by the objective to deliver for it. If a provision creates in supplementary of the necessary amount, then after paying off the responsibility, it needs to write back to the profit and loss account. The formation of the provision is obligatory, and it is forming by profit and loss account.

The essential persistence of a provision is to make an existing year’s balance more correct, Conception of provision does not depend on profit. They have to create a level if there are insufficient profits or substantial fatalities. Provision may appear on both sides of the balance sheet by the method of assumption from the apprehensive asset or distinctly on the liabilities side. Provision reduces net profit. Provision can never invest outside the business. The formation of the provision is essential as per regulation. Types of provision are provision for bad debts, provision for depreciation, and provision for tax.

What is the Reserve?

A reserve is such profits that is taking for a particular purpose. Reserves are also recognizing as recalled earnings, and it is a percentage of a business’s profits set aside to support the business’s financial situation. Reserves are on occasion association to obtain fixed assets, pay for repairs and maintenance, additional emolument benefit, pay an expectable legal clearance, pay off dues, and much more.

Many authorities of accounting and business have a strong opinion and always contemplate protecting some money for an indefinite future. That is why corporations generate reserves for protecting money to encounter the upcoming sufferers, and it is a preservation approach that helps in keeping some safety for the business,

Reserves are a statement of income. Reserves depend upon profit. In the nonappearance of satisfactory profits, reserves cannot create. Reserves are creating to support the runny assets of business creativity. Maintenance of reserves is not essential because they are making as per fiscal caution. Reserves are always presenting on the liabilities sideways of a balance sheet.

Reserves can invest separately in business, and it knows as a reserve fund. Other than capital reserves, reserves are circulating as profit. Reserves reduce isolatable benefits. Types of the reserve are capital reserve and revenue reserve.

Key Differences

  1. The provision means to have some cash for upcoming obligations, whereas reserves say to save some money from income for precise forthcoming usage.
  2. Provision is the charge to profit; on the other hand, the reserve can only make only out of profit.
  3. Provisions reduce the profit; conversely, reserves reduce divisible profits
  4. Provision secures business from costs rising from liabilities. On the flip side, reserves offer capital for running the business.
  5. Provision is using for a specific purpose; on the other hand, reserves are applying for any purpose.
  6. Provisions are showing both sides of the balance sheet, whereas reserves are showing only on the liability side in the balance sheet.


Reserve and Provision are two standard terms often discussed in business. Both are very important in helping a company to handle a random future. Many fiscal professionals favor the formation of these two objects within the business accounts because these two provide a headrest for the production of a company.