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Difference Between Organic Compounds and Inorganic Compounds

Main Difference

The main difference between Organic Compounds and Inorganic Compounds is that Organic Compounds are the compounds with the presence of carbon atom, whereas Inorganic Compounds are the compounds that do not have carbon atom.

Organic Compounds vs. Inorganic Compounds

Organic compounds are that type of chemical compounds that have carbon atoms in them covalently bonded to other atoms. On the other side, inorganic compounds are chemical compounds that are without carbon atom.

The study of this carbon-containing organic compounds is called organic chemistry, whereas the study to inorganic compounds is known as inorganic chemistry. Organic compounds are mostly made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives. On the other side, inorganic compounds are without carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives.

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Moreover, organic compounds are volatile and highly inflammable in nature. On the flip side, inorganic compounds are non-volatile and not inflammable in nature. Organic compounds may be in the form of solid, liquid, and gas in this universe. On the other hand, inorganic compounds have a solid nature.

Organic compounds mostly exist in living organisms and are insoluble in water. On the other side, inorganic compounds are present in non-living things and are soluble in water but insoluble in some organic compounds. Organic compounds possess carbon and hydrogen bonds that are covalently bonded to each other while; inorganic compounds do not have carbon and hydrogen atom and how ionic bond between its atoms.

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Mostly, in most of the aqueous solution, the organic compounds are poor conductors of electricity. On the flip side, the inorganic compounds are good conductors in aqueous solution. The organic compounds have high melting and boiling points and are less denser in nature. On the other hand, the inorganic compounds possess low melting and boiling points and are denser in nature.

Organic compounds are more complex in nature and have a slow rate of reaction. On the other side, inorganic compounds show less complexity and have a high rate of reaction. The examples of organic compounds are fats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, and proteins, etc. while, the examples of inorganic compounds are salts, metals, acids, non-metals, and bases, substances that are composed of a single type of elements.

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Comparison Chart

Organic CompoundsInorganic Compounds
The types of chemical compounds that have carbon atoms in them covalently bonded to other atoms are known as organic compounds.The type of chemical compounds that are without carbon atom is known as inorganic compounds.
Branch of Chemistry
In chemistry, the study of organic compounds is called organic chemistry.In chemistry, the study of inorganic compounds is called inorganic chemistry.
Composition
Organic compounds are mostly made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives.These compounds are without carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives.
Nature
Organic compounds are volatile and highly inflammable in nature.Inorganic compounds are non-volatile and not inflammable in nature.
Form
It may be present in the form of solid, liquid, and gas in this universe.Inorganic compounds have a solid nature.
Solubility
They show insolubility in water but soluble in organic solutions.They are soluble in water but insoluble in some organic compounds.
Rate of Reaction
They have a slow rate of reaction.These compounds have a high rate of reaction.
Complexity
Organic compounds are more complex in nature.Inorganic compounds show less complexity.
Conductance
In most of the aqueous solutions, the organic compounds are poor conductors of electricity and heat.The inorganic compounds are good conductors in aqueous solution.
Melting and Boiling Points
The organic compounds have high melting and boiling points.The inorganic compounds possess low melting and boiling points.
Density
These compounds are less denser in nature.These compounds are denser in nature.
Carbon and Hydrogen Bonds
Organic compounds possess carbon and hydrogen bonds.Inorganic compounds do not have carbon and hydrogen bonds.
Type of Bonds
Organic compounds have a covalent bond between its atoms.The inorganic compounds have an ionic bond between its atoms.
Presence
Organic compounds are biological compounds that exist in living organisms.Inorganic compounds are present in non-living things.
Formation of Salts
They cannot make salts.Inorganic compounds can make salts.
Formation
Formed due to the actions of living organisms.Formed due to natural phenomena or is the effect of human research or experiment in the lab.
Viscosity
There are weak intermolecular forces between organic compounds. So, they have low viscosity.Inorganic compounds possess strong intermolecular forces, so, they show higher viscosity.
Examples
The examples of organic compounds are fats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, benzene, and proteins, etc.The examples of inorganic compounds are salts, metals, acids, non-metals, and bases, substances that are composed of a single type of elements.

What are Organic Compounds?

Organic compounds are the types of chemical compounds that have carbon atoms in them covalently bonded to other atoms. The study of such compounds is known as organic chemistry. Organic compounds are usually associated with living organisms, so they are known as biological compounds. The organic compounds are formed due to the actions of living organisms. So, we can get these compounds from living organisms.

Organic compounds are mostly made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives. They may be in the form of solid, liquid, and gas in this universe. They possess carbon and hydrogen bonds. Organic compounds have a covalent bond between its atoms, but there are weak intermolecular forces between its molecules so, they have low viscosity, i.e., the ability to resist deformation.

These compounds are less denser in nature. Density denotes that how compact something is. It rests on the size of the molecule and the weight of the atoms in it. As hydrogen is the lowest density atom, and there are lots of hydrogen atoms in organic compounds so, organic compounds have low density.

There are covalent bonds in organic compounds that do not allow the formation of ions but, conductance required the movement of ions, so, in most of the aqueous solutions, the organic compounds are poor conductors of electricity and heat. Organic compounds are more complex in nature and show a slow rate of reaction because it is not easy to break the strong bonds between them.

These compounds may be in the form of solid, liquid, and gas in this universe and cannot make salts. Organic compounds are volatile and highly inflammable in nature. They show insolubility in water but soluble in organic solvents. They possess much boiling and melting points. The examples of organic compounds are fats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, benzene, and proteins, etc.

What are Inorganic Compounds?

Inorganic compounds are the type of chemical compounds that are without carbon atom. The study of such compounds is known as inorganic chemistry. Inorganic compounds are not related to living organisms. They are present in non-living things and are formed as a result of natural processes or human experimentation in the laboratory.

These compounds are without carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and their derivatives. So, they do not have hydrogen and carbon bonds. The inorganic compounds have an ionic bond between its atoms. So, they are good conductors of electricity and heat in aqueous solution. Inorganic compounds possess strong intermolecular forces, so, they show higher viscosity.

Moreover, these compounds are denser in nature because they are do not have more hydrogen atoms. Inorganic compounds have a solid nature. They can make salts. Inorganic compounds show less complexity and a high rate of reaction because it is easy to break the bonds between them. They have low boiling and melting points.

Inorganic compounds are nonvolatile and not inflammable in nature. They are soluble in water but insoluble in some organic compounds. The examples of inorganic compounds are salts, metals, acids, non-metals, and bases, substances that are composed of a single type of elements.

Key Differences

  1. The types of chemical compounds that have carbon atoms in them covalently bonded to other atoms are known as organic compounds, whereas the type of chemical compounds that are without carbon atom are known as inorganic compounds.
  2. In chemistry, the study of organic compounds is called organic chemistry. On the other hand, the study of inorganic compounds is called inorganic chemistry.
  3. Organic compounds are volatile and highly inflammable in nature. On the flip side, inorganic compounds are nonvolatile and not inflammable in nature.
  4. The organic compounds may be in the form of solid, liquid, and gas in this universe. On the other side, inorganic compounds have a solid nature.
  5. The organic compounds are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solution while the inorganic compounds are soluble in water but insoluble in some organic compounds.
  6. The organic compounds show a slow rate of reaction. On the other hand, the inorganic compounds show a high rate of reaction.
  7. Organic compounds are more complex in nature, whereas inorganic compounds show less complexity.
  8. In most of the aqueous solutions, the organic compounds are poor conductors of electricity and heat. On the flip side, the inorganic compounds are good conductors in aqueous solution.
  9. The organic compounds possess high boiling and melting points, whereas the inorganic compounds show low boiling and melting points.
  10. The organic compounds are less denser in nature. On the other hand, the inorganic compounds are denser in nature.
  11. Organic compounds possess carbon and hydrogen bonds; conversely, inorganic compounds do not have carbon and hydrogen bonds.
  12. Organic compounds have a covalent bond between its atoms. On the other side, the inorganic compounds have an ionic bond between its atoms.
  13. Organic compounds are biological compounds that exist in living organisms, whereas inorganic compounds are present in non-living things.
  14. The organic compounds cannot make salts while the inorganic compounds can make salts.
  15. The organic compounds are formed due to the actions of living organisms. On the other side, the inorganic compounds are formed as a result of natural processes or human experimentation in the laboratory.
  16. There are weak intermolecular forces between organic compounds. So, they have low viscosity. On the flip side, inorganic compounds possess strong intermolecular forces, i.e., hydrogen bonding so, they show higher viscosity.

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Conclusion

The above discussion summarizes that organic compounds are the compounds with carbon atoms that are biological compounds and have a more complex nature. On the other side, inorganic compounds are the compounds that are without carbon atom that are present in nonliving things and are less complex in nature.

Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss