Technology

Difference Between Analog Signal and Digital Signal

ADVERTISEMENT
CONTINUE READING BELOW

Main Difference

The main difference between Analog Signal and Digital Signal is that Analog Signal is the continuous signal that keeps on changing with time, whereas Digital Signal is a discrete signal with binary data and possess discrete values.

Analog Signal vs. Digital Signal

Analog signals are the signals that are continuous in nature and keep on changing with time. On the flip side, digital signals are the discrete types of signals with discrete values.

Analog signals have infinite possibilities, i.e., they have unlimited values. So, their range cannot be set. Actually, we are breathing in an analog world. There is an endless number of tones and smells etc. that can be heard and smell. On the other side, digital signals are discrete, or they have a finite number of possibilities, i.e., they have a limited number of values. So, it varies from 0 to 1.

ADVERTISEMENT
CONTINUE READING BELOW

Analog signals represented in the form of continuous sine waves. On the other side, digital signals are represented in the form of square waves. An analog signal explains the actions of the wave according to its time period, amplitude, and phase of the signal. On the other hand, the digital signal describes the characteristics of the signal according to the rate of a bit and bit interval.

The analog signals show the information in the form of a signal. On the other side, the digital signals show the information in the binary form that is bits. In the case of noise, analog signals face distortion and become horizontal. Conversely, the digital signals are resistant to noise and do not face distortion.

ADVERTISEMENT

Flexibility is not present in analog signal hardware, whereas digital signal hardware is flexible during implantation. Analog signals are used in analog devices and are best for video and audio transmission. On the flip side, digital signals are used in digital electronics and are best for computing. Analog phones and the voice of humans etc. are examples of analog signals, while digital phones and computers are examples of digital signals.

Comparison Chart

Analog SignalDigital Signal
A type of signals that are continuous in nature and keep on changing with time is known as an analog signal.A type of signals with discrete values and binary data is known as a digital signal.
Representation
Its signals represent continuously.Its signals characterize discontinuously.
Analysis
It is difficult to get analyzed the analog signals.It is easy to analyze such signals.
Accuracy
These are the more accurate type of signals.These signals have less accuracy.
Time Required to Store
It takes time to store the analog signals.It is easy to store these signals.
Possibilities
Analog signals have infinite possibilities.Their possibilities have a finite number.
Range
They have unlimited values so, their range cannot be set.Such signals have ranged from 0 to 1.
Type of Waves
Analog signals represented in the form of continuous sine waves.Digital signals are represented in the form of square waves.
Form of Information
The analog signals show the information in the form of a signal.The digital signals show the information in the binary form that is bits.
It Explains
An analog signal explains the actions of the wave according to its time period, amplitude, and phase of the signal.The digital signal describes the characteristics of the signal according to the rate of a bit and bit interval.
Flexibility
Flexibility is not present in analog hardware.Its hardware shows flexibility during establishment.
In Noise Conditions
In the case of noise, analog signals face distortion and become horizontal.These signals are resistant to noise and do not face distortion.
Impedance
Analog signals have low impedance.Digital signals have a high order of impedance, i.e., up to 100 megaohms.
Cost
Analog devices have low cost and are portable.Digital devices have a high cost and are not easily portable.
Power
Such an instrument requires large power.Digital devices require negligible power.
Bandwidth
The processing of analog signals can be completed in real-time, and it needs less bandwidth.Digital signal processing is not guaranteed to complete in real-time, and it requires more bandwidth to process the same information.
Errors
Analog devices possess a scale that is fixed at their lower end. It causes many observational errors.The digital devices do not face such observational errors like approximation errors and parallax etc.
Noise Production
These types of signals cause noise production.These signals do not cause noise production.
Examples
Analog phones, thermometers, and the human voice, etc. are examples of such signals.Digital phones, digital pens, and computers, etc. are examples of such signals.
Uses
Analog signals are used in analog devices and are best for video and audio transmission.Digital signals are used in digital appliances and are best for computing.
Types
Analog signal is divided into two types, i.e., simple signals and composite signals.There is no other type of such signal.
ADVERTISEMENT

What is an Analog Signal?

Analog signal is a type of signals that are continuous in nature and keep on changing with time. It represents the information in the form of a signal. These signals have infinite possibilities, i.e., they have unlimited values. So, their range cannot be set. These are the more precise type of signals.

Analog signals represented in the form of continuous sine waves. This sine wave cannot be decayed into parts. An analog signal explains the actions of the wave according to its time period or frequency, amplitude, and phase of the signal. Here, frequency deals with the rate of change of signals; amplitude denotes the maximum height of the signal, and phase represents the position of the wave according to time zero.

Such type of signals is not resistant to noise. So, in case of noise, analog signals face distortion and become horizontal. Analog signals have low impedance. Flexibility is not present in analog hardware. Analog devices have low cost and are portable. Such instruments require large power. The processing of analog signals can be completed in real-time, and it needs less bandwidth. Analog devices have a scale that is fixed at the lower end. It provides many observational errors.

Uses

Analog signals are used in analog devices and are best for video and audio transmission. Analog phones, thermometers, and a human voice, etc. are examples of such signals.

Types

  • Simple Signals: These are a simple type of analog signal. The simple signal is a simple sine wave that cannot be decomposed.
  • Composite Signals: These are composite forms of analog signals that are able to be decayed into several sine waves.

What is Digital Signal?

Digital signal is a type of discontinuous signals with discrete values and binary data. These signals show the information in the binary form that is bits. Digital signals are discrete, or they have a finite number of possibilities, i.e., they have a limited number of values. So, it varies from 0 to 1.

Digital signals are represented in the form of square waves. Each digital signal also has amplitude, phase, and frequency like the analog signal. The digital signal describes the characteristics of the signal according to the rate of a bit and bit interval. Here, bit interval equals the time required to transfer a single bit; on the other side; the bit rate is equal to the frequency of bit interval.

Digital signals are resistant to noise and do not face distortion. These types of signals have a high order of impedance, i.e., up to 100 megaohms. Moreover, digital hardware shows flexibility during its fixing. Digital devices have high costs and are not easily portable. These types of devices require negligible power. Digital signal processing is not guaranteed to complete in real-time, and it requires more bandwidth to process the same information. The digital devices do not face observational errors like approximation errors and parallax etc.

Uses

Digital technology has become very operative nowadays. Digital signals are used in digital appliances and are best for computing. Digital phones, digital pens, and computers, etc. are examples of such signals.

Key Differences

  1. A type of signals that are continuous in nature and keep on changing with time is known as analog signal whereas, a type of signals with discrete values and binary data is known as a digital signal.
  2. The analog signal has a continuous representation of signals. On the other hand, the digital signal has a discontinuous representation of signals.
  3. It is difficult to get analyzed the analog signals. Conversely, it is easy to analyze digital signals.
  4. Analog signals are the more precise type of signals. On the flip side, digital signals have less accuracy.
  5. It takes time to store the analog signals. On the flip side, it is easy to store digital signals.
  6. There are endless possible values for analog signals. Conversely, there is a finite number of possibilities of digital signals.
  7. Analog signals have unlimited values, so, their range cannot be set. On the other hand, digital signals range from 0 to 1.
  8. Analog signal is divided into two types, i.e., simple signals and composite signals, whereas, there is no other type of digital signal.
  9. Analog signals represented in the form of continuous sine waves, while digital signals are represented in the form of square waves.
  10. The analog signals show the information in the form of a signal. On the other side, the digital signals show the information in the binary form that is bits.
  11. An analog signal explains the actions of the wave according to its time period, amplitude, and phase of the signal. On the other hand, the digital signal describes the characteristics of the signal according to the rate of a bit and bit interval.
  12. Flexibility is not present in analog hardware. On the flip side, digital hardware is flexible during implantation.
  13. In the case of noise, analog signals face distortion and become horizontal, whereas, digital signals are resistant to noise and do not face distortion.
  14. Analog signals have low impedance. Conversely, digital signals have a high order of impedance, i.e., up to 100 megaohms.
  15. Analog devices have low cost and are portable. On the flip side, digital devices have a high cost and are not easily portable.
  16. Analog signals cause noise production. On the other side, digital signals do not cause noise production.
  17. The processing of analog signals can be completed in real-time, and it needs less bandwidth. On the other side, digital signal processing is not guaranteed to complete in real-time, and it requires more bandwidth to process the same information.
  18. Analog devices have a scale that is fixed at the lower end that provides many observational errors. On the other hand, digital devices do not face such observational errors like approximation errors and parallax, etc.
  19. Analog signals are used in analog devices and are best for video and audio transmission while digital signals are used in digital electronics and are best for computing.
  20. Examples of analog signals are analog phones, thermometers, and the human voice, etc. On the flip side, digital phones, digital pens, and computers, etc. represent the examples of digital signals.

Comparison Video

YouTube video

Conclusion

The above discussion summarizes that analog signals are a continuous type of signals that change with time and are represented in the form of sine waves. On the other side, digital signals are discrete types of signals that are represented in the form of sine waves.

Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

Adblocker detected! Please consider reading this notice.

We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading.

We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. We do not implement these annoying types of ads!

We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising.

Please add difference.wiki to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software.

×