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NSE vs. BSE: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 23, 2023
NSE is India's largest stock exchange by trading volume, while BSE is India's oldest stock exchange.

Key Differences

NSE, which stands for National Stock Exchange, is India's largest stock exchange in terms of trading volume and market capitalization. Established in 1992, it was designed to bring transparency to the Indian equities market. BSE, on the other hand, stands for Bombay Stock Exchange and is the oldest stock exchange in Asia, having been established in 1875.
The NSE introduced the nation to electronic trading, which has since become the predominant method of trading securities in India. This tech-savvy approach provided a platform for trading which is more efficient and transparent. BSE, with its long history, has seen the transformation from open outcry floor trading to electronic trading and has adapted over the years to meet the changing needs of the market.
In terms of indices, NSE's benchmark index is the Nifty50, which comprises the top 50 companies in terms of market capitalization and trading volume. BSE's benchmark, on the other hand, is the Sensex, which consists of 30 well-established and financially sound companies listed on the BSE.
While both NSE and BSE are vital components of India's financial ecosystem, the NSE has a broader national presence and captures a larger slice of the trading volume. BSE, however, has more listed companies and is often seen as a more traditional exchange given its rich history.
Both NSE and BSE are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and play crucial roles in raising capital for Indian businesses. They have complementary roles in the nation's economy, with NSE leading in derivatives and BSE having a rich history of equities trading.

Comparison Chart

Acronym Meaning

National Stock Exchange
Bombay Stock Exchange


Established in 1992
Established in 1875

Benchmark Index


Trading Platform

Predominantly electronic
Transitioned to electronic

Geographical Reach

Broader national presence
Historic presence in Mumbai

NSE and BSE Definitions


NSE was established to bring transparency to Indian equity trading.
NSE's introduction revolutionized the way securities were traded in India.


BSE's signature index is the Sensex, consisting of 30 companies.
Traders often monitor the Sensex on the BSE to gauge market sentiment.


NSE is known for its electronic trading platform.
The NSE's electronic system ensures transparency in trades.


BSE is Asia's oldest stock exchange located in Mumbai.
The BSE has witnessed the evolution of India's stock market over the decades.


NSE is India's leading stock exchange based on trading volume.
The NSE plays a significant role in the Indian securities market.


BSE was the premier platform for equity trading in India before the advent of electronic exchanges.
Many historic trades have taken place on the BSE's floor.


NSE represents the National Stock Exchange of India.
Investors often check the NSE for real-time stock prices.


BSE has more listed companies compared to other Indian exchanges.
Entrepreneurs dream of seeing their companies listed on the BSE.


NSE's flagship index is the Nifty50.
The performance of the Nifty50 on the NSE gives insights into the broader market's health.


BSE stands for Bombay Stock Exchange.
Companies aspire to get listed on the BSE due to its prestige.


A fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system; causes staggering and agitation


How many companies are listed on the Sensex of BSE?

The Sensex comprises 30 companies.

When was BSE established?

BSE was established in 1875.

Which index is associated with NSE?

The Nifty50 is NSE's benchmark index.

Is BSE the oldest stock exchange in India?

Yes, BSE is the oldest stock exchange in Asia.

Are the companies listed on NSE also listed on BSE?

While many companies are dual-listed on both exchanges, not all companies on NSE are listed on BSE and vice-versa.

Is NSE older than BSE?

No, BSE is older, having been established in 1875, while NSE was established in 1992.

What does NSE stand for?

NSE stands for National Stock Exchange of India.

Are both NSE and BSE regulated by the same authority?

Yes, both are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Which exchange's index is considered a barometer for the Indian economy?

Both NSE's Nifty50 and BSE's Sensex are considered barometers for the Indian economy.

What is the significance of BSE in India's financial history?

BSE, as Asia's oldest exchange, has played a pivotal role in the development of India's capital market and has a rich legacy in India's financial history.

Which exchange has a larger trading volume, NSE or BSE?

NSE typically has a larger trading volume than BSE.

Which city houses the BSE?

BSE is located in Mumbai.

Can foreign investors trade on BSE and NSE?

Yes, foreign investors can trade on both exchanges, subject to regulations.

Which exchange was the first to introduce electronic trading in India?

NSE was the first to introduce electronic trading.

Does BSE have a presence outside of Mumbai?

While BSE's main operations are in Mumbai, it has a global presence through various collaborations and indices.

Which exchange introduced the first derivatives trading in India?

NSE was the pioneer in introducing derivatives trading in India.

Does NSE only deal in equities?

No, NSE deals in equities, derivatives, and various other securities.

How many companies are listed on BSE?

BSE has over 5,000 listed companies, making it one of the world's leading exchanges in terms of listings.

Which exchange, NSE or BSE, has a wider national reach?

NSE has a broader national reach compared to BSE.

What was revolutionary about NSE's approach to trading?

NSE introduced electronic trading to India, ensuring more transparency.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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