Difference Between Organic vs. Inorganic

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Main Difference

Organic and Inorganic are the branches of chemistry. Organic compounds are made up of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and their derivatives. Compounds other than organic compounds are called Inorganic compounds and they don’t carry Carbon atoms mostly. Organic compounds are mostly associated with living things and inorganic compounds are mostly associated with non-living things.

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What is Organic?

Organic compounds are made up of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and their derivatives. Living things are associated with organic compounds. e.g. Urea, methane, Sugar and Benzene. Organic compounds are in the form of gases, liquids and solids. Organic compounds are volatile and highly inflammable. Organic compounds can’t make salts due to covalence of carbon.

What is Inorganic?

Compounds other than organic compounds are called Inorganic compounds and they don’t carry Carbon atoms mostly. Non living things are associated with inorganic compounds. e.g. Sodium Chloride, Diamond and Calcium Chloride. Most of the inorganic compounds are solids. Inorganic compounds are non-volatile and are not inflammable. They are soluble in water and non-soluble in organic solution.

Key Differences

  1. Organic Compounds contains carbon-hydrogen bonds while inorganic compounds don’t carry carbon-hydrogen bond.
  2. Organic compounds are found in living matter while inorganic are found from non-living things.
  3. Organic compounds have biological nature while inorganic compounds have mineral nature.
  4. Organic compounds are more complex as compare to inorganic compounds.
  5. Organic compounds are formed by covalent bonds while inorganic compounds are mostly formed by ionic bond, few are with covalent bonds.
  6. Organic compounds can’t make salts while inorganic compounds can make salts.
  7. Melting and boiling points of organic compounds are lower as compare to inorganic compounds.
  8. Organic compounds are insoluble in water while organic compounds are soluble in water.
  9. Organic compounds are highly flammable and volatile while inorganic compounds are not inflammable and non-volatile.
  10. While in aqueous solution, organic compounds are poor conductor of heat and electricity while inorganic compounds are better conductors of heat and electricity while in aqueous solution.

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