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Jews vs. Christians: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 13, 2023
Jews are adherents of Judaism; Christians follow Christianity.

Key Differences

Jews trace their spiritual lineage to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, believing in the covenant made by God with the patriarchs. Christians, while recognizing the Old Testament, believe Jesus Christ is the Messiah and the foundation of their faith.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023
Jews adhere to the teachings of the Torah, Talmud, and other sacred texts, emphasizing monotheism and God's relationship with the people of Israel. Christians, meanwhile, have the Bible containing both the Old and New Testaments, with emphasis on Jesus' teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023
For Jews, significant rituals and ceremonies such as Passover, Hanukkah, and Bar/Bat Mitzvah hold importance. For Christians, observances like Christmas, Easter, and Baptism carry central significance.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023
While Jews await the coming of the Messiah, Christians believe the Messiah, Jesus Christ, has already come and will return again.
Janet White
Oct 13, 2023
Jews have various denominations like Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism. Christians are divided into many denominations, including Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox.
Janet White
Oct 13, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Central Figure

Moses, Abraham
Jesus Christ
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Holy Book

Torah, Talmud
Bible (Old & New Testament)
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Place of Worship

Synagogue
Church
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Major Festivals

Passover, Hanukkah
Christmas, Easter
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Key Belief

Awaiting the Messiah
Jesus is the Messiah
Aimie Carlson
Oct 13, 2023
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Jews and Christians Definitions

Jews

Followers of Judaism.
The Jews have a rich cultural and religious history.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 13, 2023

Christians

Followers of Christianity.
Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 13, 2023

Jews

People who identify with Jewish ethnicity, regardless of religious beliefs.
Many Jews around the world celebrate Hanukkah.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Christians

Members of churches or denominations believing in Jesus as the Messiah.
Many Christians wear crosses as symbols of their faith.
Janet White
Oct 13, 2023

Jews

Those who practice Jewish customs and traditions.
The Jews have a unique way of celebrating the Sabbath.
Harlon Moss
Oct 13, 2023

Christians

People who believe in the teachings of Jesus Christ.
Christians read from the Bible during their services.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Jews

Descendants of the ancient Israelites.
The Jews have faced numerous challenges throughout history.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Christians

Those who follow the New Testament teachings.
Christians emphasize the importance of love and forgiveness.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Jews

Members of the broader Jewish community.
Many Jews gather in synagogues for prayers.
Harlon Moss
Oct 13, 2023

Christians

Adherents of the largest world religion, based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
Christians around the world celebrate Christmas on December 25th.
Harlon Moss
Oct 13, 2023

Jews

To bargain shrewdly or unfairly with. Often used with down.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 30, 2015

Christians

Professing belief in Jesus as Christ or following the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 30, 2015

Jews

To haggle so as to reduce (a price). Often used with down.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 30, 2015

Christians

Relating to or derived from Jesus or Jesus's teachings.
Sumera Saeed
Aug 30, 2015

FAQs

What is the holy book for Christians?

Christians follow the Bible, comprising the Old and New Testaments.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

What sacred text do Jews follow?

Jews follow the Torah, Talmud, and other Jewish scriptures.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

What is the significance of Christmas to Christians?

Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ for Christians.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 13, 2023

What's the Jewish New Year called?

The Jewish New Year is called Rosh Hashanah.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

What are the primary denominations among Jews?

Jews have denominations like Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Where do Christians worship?

Christians worship in churches.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Do Christians all believe the same doctrines?

While core beliefs are similar, Christians have various denominations with differing interpretations.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

What language is sacred to Jews?

Hebrew is the sacred language for Jews.
Sara Rehman
Oct 13, 2023

What language is the New Testament written in?

The New Testament was originally written in Greek.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 13, 2023

What is baptism in Christian practices?

Baptism is a Christian ritual of initiation, usually involving water.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Do Christians observe the Sabbath?

Yes, though the day varies; many observe Sunday, while others, like Seventh-day Adventists, observe Saturday.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

Who are the Christians?

Christians are followers of Christianity, a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 13, 2023

Do Jews believe in Jesus?

While Jews recognize Jesus as a historical figure, they don't believe he's the Messiah.
Harlon Moss
Oct 13, 2023

Is Jesus central to Christians?

Yes, Christians believe Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God.
Sara Rehman
Oct 13, 2023

Are all Jews religious?

No, some Jews identify more with Jewish ethnicity than religious practices.
Sara Rehman
Oct 13, 2023

Who are the Jews?

Jews are adherents of Judaism and may also refer to those of Jewish ethnicity.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023

What are the main Christian denominations?

Christians are divided into denominations like Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox.
Sara Rehman
Oct 13, 2023

What is the Jewish place of worship?

Jews worship in synagogues.
Janet White
Oct 13, 2023

Do Jews celebrate Easter?

No, Easter is a Christian holiday. Jews have Passover around the same time.
Janet White
Oct 13, 2023

What is a Bar/Bat Mitzvah?

It's a coming-of-age ceremony for young Jews, at ages 13 and 12, respectively.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 13, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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