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Difference Between FBI and US Marshal

Main Difference

The main difference between the FBI and US Marshal is that the FBI is an intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice. In contrast, US Marshal is the federal law enforcement officer or office of the federal court.

FBI vs. US Marshal

Federal Bureau of Investigation, commonly known as FBI, is an intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice. The US Marshal is the enforcement agency of the federal courts. It is one of the United State’s oldest federal law enforcement offices. FBI is the federal criminal investigating agency and internal intelligence agency as well. The US Marshal protects the officers of the court and the court buildings to ensure the effective operations of the judicial system.

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The responsibilities of the FBI are counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, cyber-crime, white-collar crimes, organized crime, corruption, significant thefts, and trafficking. The US Marshal holds the responsibility of court security, capturing the fugitives, serving arrest warrants, and engaging in prisoner transport. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) is having offices in almost 50 countries in the world. US Marshal is related to the federal courts, so it does not have offices in other countries; instead, it is confined to the country of its origin.

The headquarters of the FBI is present in the J. Edgar Hoover building in Washington. The US Marshal’s headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia. FBI has five functional branches, and each branch is headed by an executive assistant director. The US Marshal is directed by the Attorney General, headed by a director, and assisted by a deputy director. The FBI is a modern law enforcement firm and its origin date back to Theodore Roosevelt’s administration. The US Marshal is comparatively older, and its formation traces back to the administration of George Washington.

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Comparison Chart

FBIUS Marshal
FBI is an intelligence agency under the US Department of JusticeThe federal law enforcement offices of the federal courts are US Marshal
Purpose
To investigateTo serve in imposing the order across the nation
Law Enforcing Firm of USA
ModernOldest
Headquarters In
The J. Edgar Hoover building in WashingtonIn Arlington, Virginia
Offices
In 50 countriesIn the country of origin
Responsible For
National securityCourt security

What is the FBI?

FBI is abbreviated as the “Federal Bureau of Investigation.” As reflected by its name, it is a commonly known intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice. Its origin dates back to Theodore Roosevelt’s administration. The responsibilities of the FBI are counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, cyber-crime, white-collar crimes, organized crime, corruption, significant thefts, and trafficking. FBI is a part of federal law enforcement special agents that handles crimes from counter-terrorism to white-collar crime.

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The main job of the FBI is to investigate and enforce the alleged violations of any Federal laws under the guidance of the US attorney’s office. It is the federal criminal investigating agency and also the internal intelligence agency. The headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is present in the J. Edgar Hoover building in Washington. Its offices are in almost 50 countries in the world. There are five functional branches of FBI with each branch headed by an executive assistant director.

The age limit is 23 and 37 years old to work as a special FBI agent. The academic requirement for an FBI agent is at least a bachelor’s degree. Moreover, there are FBI’s physical-fitness standards and background checks which one has to pass through. The agency requires three years of full-time professional work experience along with six months of driving experience.

What is US Marshal?

The US Marshals is the United States’ oldest federal law enforcement officer. It is the law enforcement arm of the federal courts whose function is to safeguard all the Federal Courts, Federal Judges, and the court buildings to ensure the effective operations of the judicial system. Its formation traces back to the administration of George Washington. US Marshal is a part of the Department of Justice in the US. The US Marshals are concerned with the federal courts, so it does not have offices in other countries. Its offices are confined only to the country of its origin. Its headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia.

The US Marshal holds the responsibility of court security, capturing the fugitives, serving arrest warrants, and engaging in prisoner transport. It enforces the laws and Federal Courts Orders. Also, it is in charge of overseeing the Jurors and Witnesses and approving all Federal Bondsmen and fugitives. US Marshal also transports and houses the Federal prisoners until they are delivered to their respective Prisons. The US Marshal is directed by the Attorney General, headed by a director, and assisted by a deputy director.

The requirement of age for an applicant of deputy US Marshal is about 21 to 35. The educational requirement as at least a bachelor’s with a year of specialized experience. This specialized experience can be the carrying out of warrants, using knowledge of search and seizure law, carrying out criminal investigations, and the like. And after that, the applicant has to complete the relevant agency’s training program to become a deputy US Marshal or an agent.

Key Differences

  1. The purpose of the FBI is to investigate, on the other hand, the purpose of US Marshal is to serve in imposing the order across the nation.
  2. The FBI is a modern law enforcing firm and its origin date back to Theodore Roosevelt’s administration; on the flip side of the coin, the US Marshal is comparatively older, and its formation traces back to the administration of George Washington.
  3. FBI is an intelligence agency under the US Department of Justice; on the contrary, US Marshal is the federal law enforcement offices of the federal courts.
  4. The responsibilities of the FBI are counterintelligence, counter-terrorism, cyber-crime, white-collar crimes, organized crime, corruption, significant thefts, and trafficking. At the same time, the US Marshal holds the responsibility of court security, capturing the fugitives, serving arrest warrants, and engaging in prisoner transport.
  5. FBI has five functional branches, and each branch is headed by an executive assistant director; on the flip side of the coin, US Marshal is directed by the Attorney General, headed by a director and assisted by a deputy director.
  6. FBI is the federal criminal investigating agency, and internal intelligence agency as well; on the other side, US Marshal protects the officers and buildings of the court to ensure the effective operations of the judicial system.
  7. FBI has offices in almost 50 countries of the world; on the contrary, US Marshal is only confined to the country of its origin.
  8. The headquarters of FBI is present in the J. Edgar Hoover building in Washington; on the other hand, the US Marshal’s headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia.

Conclusion

From the above discussion, it is concluded that the FBI and the US Marshal are the two different agencies. Both are the part of federal law enforcement, but both are different from each other based on their tasks and missions.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson