Linking Verbs vs. Helping Verbs
What are Linking Verbs?
The linking verb is the main verb in the sentence which works as a connector in between the subject to the subject complement. In other words, we can say that it makes a link in between the doer and the action. In each and every of the situation, unlike other verbs, the linking verb works as the main verb in the sentence context. It won’t be wrong to say that it comes up with the necessarily required information and without it, a phrase can’t become the sentence. As we know that simple sentences comprise of the two phrases; one is the subject phrase, and the other is a predicate. The linking verb makes up the connection between both these phrases. It comes up after the subject and before the predicate. The main function of the linking verb is to describe further the subject rather than showing the state of action. The linkage between the subject and the subject complement is a required element for the clear meaning of the sentence. As we are well aware that the subject is the doer in the sentence, the further information makes it even more prominent in the sentence. The expression of the action is not the quality of the linking verbs; they are solely for inter-linking the subject with the predicate or the subject complement.
Example of Linking Verbs
- Hamish looked elegant last night.
- Alexa is a teacher.
‘Looked’ and ‘is’ in the above sentences are the linking verb as they connector rather than expressing the state of action.
What are Helping Verbs?
The helping verbs, also known as the auxiliary verbs, just fall before the main verb to give the additional information regarding the state of action. These verbs never act as the main verb in the sentence, but even then one can’t deny their importance as they tell about the mood, time or tense of the main verb. In some circumstances, the additional information as like the time is essentially required regarding the state of action as it tells about the happening of the action (the past, present, future). It will be pertinent to mention here that indicating tense and modality in grammatical aspect give additional information regarding the state of action, which works as a better know for the readers. Is, are, am, do, does, has, have, and being are few of the most prominent examples of the helping verbs. Unlike the linking verbs, the helping verbs come up with the information regarding the state of action. Most generally, it sits before the main verb and describes the nature of the action.
Example of the Helping Verbs
- He has been playing since morning.
- They have done their task.
‘Has been’ and ‘have’ works as the helping verbs in the sentences mentioned above. The first sentence shows the state of action as still in progress whereas in the second sentence it expresses the completion of the action.