Difference Between JDBC and ODBC

Main Difference

JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program and becomes an application programming interface where the definition of how a user gets access to the database becomes possible. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition though Oracle Corporation. On the other hand, ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program and becomes a standard interface for application programming called API that helps with the accessing of information through database management system called DBMS.

Comparison Chart

Basis of DistinctionJDBCODBC
DefinitionAn application programming interface where the definition of how a user gets access to the database becomes possible.A standard interface for application programming called API that helps with the accessing of information through database management system called DBMS.
NameJava Database Connectivity programOpen Database Connectivity program.
OriginIntroduced by Oracle in 1996.Introduced by Microsoft in 1992.
DependencyDepends on factors such as language and platform and only accepts the ones coming from Java.Comes as an independent platform for both style and location.
UsageOnly becomes concrete for applications used by Java system.Becomes suitable for different applications irrespective of their originator.

What is JDBC?

JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program and becomes an application programming interface where the definition of how a user gets access to the database becomes possible. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition though Oracle Corporation. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application programming interface (API) for the programming dialect Java, which characterizes how a customer may get to a database. It is a piece of the Java Standard Edition stage, from Oracle Corporation. It gives strategies to inquiry and refresh information in a database, and gets arranged towards social databases. A JDBC-to-ODBC connect empowers associations with any ODBC-available information source in the Java virtual machine (JVM) have the condition. The application program interface gives you a chance to encode get to demand articulations in Structured Query Language (SQL) that are then passed to the program that deals with the database. It restores the outcomes through a comparable interface. JDBC is fundamentally the same as the SQL Access Group’s Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) and, with a little “extension” program, you can utilize the JDBC interface to get to databases through the ODBC interface. For instance, you could compose a program intended to get to numerous well-known database items on various practical framework stages. While getting to a database on a PC running Microsoft’s Windows 2000 and, for instance, a Microsoft Access database, your program with JDBC explanations would have the capacity to get to the Microsoft Access database. Software engineers can compose applications that associate with databases, send inquiries written in organized inquiry dialect (SQL), and process the outcomes.

What is ODBC?

ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program and becomes a standard interface for application programming called API that helps with the accessing of information through database management system called DBMS. ODBC achieves DBMS autonomy by utilizing an ODBC driver as an interpretation layer between the application and the DBMS. The application uses ODBC works through an ODBC driver supervisor with which it connects, and the driver passes the inquiry to the DBMS. An ODBC driver can be thought of as similar to a printer driver or other driver, giving a standard arrangement of capacities for the application to utilize, and executing DBMS-particular usefulness. It is essential to comprehend that ODBC is intended to uncover database abilities, not supplement them. Along these lines, application authors ought not to expect that utilizing ODBC will abruptly change a straightforward database into an entirely highlighted social database motor. Engineers of DBMS-particular drivers execute the capacities in the ODBC API. Applications call the capabilities in these drivers to get to information in a DBMS-autonomous way. A Driver Manager oversees correspondence amongst applications and drivers. Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for getting to a database. By utilizing ODBC explanations in a program, you can get to records in various diverse databases, including Access, dBase, DB2, Excel, and Text. Notwithstanding the ODBC programming, a different module or driver is required for every database to enter. The principle advocate and provider of ODBC programming backing are Microsoft.

Key Differences

  1. JDBC becomes an application programming interface where the definition of how a user gets access to the database becomes possible. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition though Oracle Corporation. Whereas, ODBC becomes a standard interface for application programming called API that helps with the accessing of information through database management system called DBMS.
  2. JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program, on the other hand, ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program.
  3. Since the Open Database Connectivity program becomes suitable for different applications irrespective of their originator, it becomes more common among people who use such programs. On the other hand, Java Database Connectivity program only becomes concrete for applications used by Java system.
  4. JDBC, therefore, depends on factors such as language and platform and only accepts the ones coming from Java. On the other hand, the ODBC comes as an independent platform for both style and location.
  5. The coding methods that comes with the JDBC stand relatively easy to read and hence comprehend. On the other hand, the coding methods existing along the ODBC have a complicated nature and therefore become complex.
  6. ODBC was introduced by Microsoft in the year 1992, whereas Java introduced JDBC in 1996.
  7. Software engineers can compose applications that associate with databases, send inquiries written in organized inquiry dialect (SQL) while using ODBC. On the other hand, Software engineers cannot compose applications or send inquiries unless the system supports Java and process the outcomes.
Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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