Difference Between Vascular Plants vs. Nonvascular Plants

Main Difference

Plants have several ways of becoming categorized and therefore to know about all them does not seem possible. However, if we divide them into two unique types, then our task becomes a lot easy. The two terms getting discussed here are the vascular plants and nonvascular plants, and both of them have some variations. The vascular plants get defined as the ones that have tissue within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants. The vascular plants get defined as the ones that do not have tissues within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants.

Comparison Chart

Basis of DistinctionVascular PlantsNonvascular Plants
DefinitionThe ones that have tissue within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants.The ones that do not have tissues within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants.
Scientific NameTracheophytesBryophytes
StructureVessels start from the root, through stem to the leaves.Rhizoids exists that are hair like structure and bound the plant together.
LocationDry and pedestrian locations.Wet ones, especially near river.
BenefitGrow long and bigger in size.Stay the same size throughout.

What are Vascular Plants?

The vascular plants get defined as the ones that have tissue within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants. Another name used for such ones include the tracheophytes and fall in the higher plant category. It becomes a common understanding when we look at a big plant, although the water within the surface helps in gaining nutrition and other energy related items from the land how they pass from one part to the other, happens due to the tissues present within them. Vessels start from the root that takes water from the surface, they then spread to the stem of the plant where the outings to branches exist, on branches are leaves that take all the energy they require and stay alive. Two types of such vessels exist in plants. The Phloem and Xylem. First ones have the task of taking the energy from leaves to other parts of the plants, they are the outermost layer of the stem and produced due to the storage tissue. The latter one has the task of taking everything from the root to the plant and exist in abundance. The primary function still stays the same, but some other benefits also get achieved. For example, they help the plant to grow larger than it is, with the help of such vessels, everything goes from the central part to any other place required. Hence, no danger of plant becoming dead.

What are Nonvascular Plants?

The vascular plants get defined as the ones that do not have tissues within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants. Although the ones containing the xylem and phloem do not exist still some simpler tissues, exist that perform the task of taking everything to other regions. These plants stay smaller in size, and that is due to the reason mentioned above. Without a vessel, the requirement of expanding with the help of nutrition gets nullified. Another thing that makes such plants look different from others goes as they do not have any roots present within them. A different structure called rhizoid exists that helps in keeping the plant connected with the surface and has small hair that gets inserted within the land to keep them safe. These kinds always become found near places that have water, because they do not have roots, they take water directly from them and absorb. The reproduction method also gives them distinction and is much simpler than vascular plants. The reproduction occurs both sexually and asexually, and the process for both become known as single-celled spores and vegetative propagation respectively. Another name for such plants include the bryophytes and have three main kinds. The mosses that exist on the surface of the forest and mostly wet in nature. The hornworts that look like soft needles of pine and lastly, the liverworts known as the simplest plants that have flattened leaves in rows.

Key Differences

  1. The vascular plants get defined as the ones that have tissue within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants. The vascular plants get defined as the ones that do not have tissues within the structure that help in passing water and another mineral from the land to the parts of plants.
  2. Another name used for vascular plants include the tracheophytes and fall in the higher plant category. On the other hand, another name used for nonvascular plants include the bryophytes and have three main kinds.
  3. For vascular plants vessels start from the root that takes water from the surface, spread to the stem where branches exist, then on branches are leaves that take all the energy they require and stay alive. For nonvascular plants, a different structure called rhizoid exists that helps in keeping the plant connected with the surface and has small hair that gets inserted within the land to keep them safe.
  4. Vascular plants grow much larger than nonvascular plants due to the vessels that carry energy and nutrition to other parts.
  5. Vascular plants usually found near our homes and places that are drier than others whereas nonvascular plants only become found at locations that are near water.

Comparison Video

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