Difference Between Job Title and Occupation

Main Difference

The main difference between the terms job title and occupation is that the Job title is the name of the specific position that is held by an employee whereas, Occupation is a broader term that explains the entire sector of jobs in which there are several similar job titles.

Job Title vs. Occupation

A job title is a description of a job, position, or designation held and gives a brief idea about the job. Occupation is a comprehensive conception explaining the complete sector of jobs in which there are numerous related job titles. A job title directs the responsibility or position of a person. Job titles are the means of sorting the many positions in an association. Occupation is a sector or industry in which an employee would like to work. In simple words, an occupation defines the means of earning a living of a person.

A job is generally short term. It is an initial step that a person takes to build a career. It is the activity you perform in exchange for monetary value, e.g., you acquire a paycheck and worthy experience that helps you further. Occupation is a broader term encompassing the employment sector or the category of jobs in which one fits. Occupation also described as one’s area of interest. Job is a narrower concept and does not make a significant impact on a person’s life or society. If a person is not satisfied with his job, he tends to move on to a better one. The word occupation is a neutral term describing several jobs.

Comparison Chart

Job TitleOccupation
It is the name of the specific position that is held by an employeeIt refers to the entire sector of jobs in which there are several similar job titles
Concept
NarrowerBroader
Implies
Level and responsibilities of the jobGeneral idea about work

What is Job Title?

A job title is a description of a job, position, or designation that is held. It gives a brief idea about the job. The job titles are the means of categorizing the various positions in an organization. Job is such a position that a company gives to a person based on his/her qualifications. A job is a way a person uses and experiences his qualifications by offering services. In return, he has given money that he uses to earn a living. The hours of the job depends on which type of job you are doing. The duration of the job can range from one hour to 9 hours. The amount also varies with the variation in the job hours — extra money paid if someone has given spare time than the specified time.

The job title is describing the responsibilities of the position and level of the job. For example, job titles like executive, manager, director, chief, supervisor, etc. are specified with management jobs. Some job titles reflect what the person does on the job, such as accountant, chef, housekeeper, programmer, guest services coordinator, mechanic, etc. Other job titles are revealing job responsibilities as well as the job level, e.g., head chef, marketing manager, electrical superintendent, etc. Job titles are specific as they reflect the level of the job as well as the responsibilities of the job. Jobs may require a specialized study, depending on their type. Job title also determines the path for a career. It is like a corporate ladder or ranking where the person grows from lower steps to higher ones under promotions.

Types of Job

  • Full-time job
  • Part-time job
  • Seasonal job
  • Temporary job
  • Odd jobs
  • Self-employment

What is Occupation?

Occupation is a broader term referring to any paid work. It is also described as a sector in which a person would like to work. In simple words, an occupation defines the means of earning a living of a person in his area of interest. Occupation explains the entire sector of jobs in which there are several similar job titles. For example, doctor, engineer, laborer, nurse, etc. Occupation encompasses the category of jobs or the employment sector in which you fit. The occupation of a person gives an overview of his work, but it does not give a description of the level of the position or the responsibilities of an employee.

Occupations can also direct various fields as marketing, HR, medicine, hospitality, etc. Occupation refers to an activity that is performed regularly in exchange for monetary values. If anyone wants to be a reporter for an online news magazine, then the ‘reporter’ is his job/career, but he is a journalist by his occupation. Occupation is a job, employment, or any activity that one performs regularly in exchange for monetary values. While searching for a job, it is recommended to search by the name of occupation rather than the job title. Occupation gives a large collection of job titles belonging to larger sectors.

Examples

  • Business owner
  • Health care provider
  • Customer service
  • Finance
  • Hospitality
  • Education
  • Retail

Key Differences

  1. A job title is a name that describes one’s job or position, whereas occupation explains the entire sector of jobs in which there are several similar job titles.
  2. The job title directs the level of the job as well as the responsibilities of the job; on the contrary, occupation intends to give a general idea about the work.
  3. Job is a short term; conversely, occupation is a broader term.
  4. The job title of a person gives an explanation of what he does for a living on the flip side; an occupation describes a sector of interest or industry where a person would like to work.
  5. The example of a job title is a cardiovascular surgeon, while the example of occupation is a health care provider or doctor.

Conclusion

Job title and occupation are the two different terms. These terms are providing a brief introduction to the type of job of an individual, but the occupation has a broader meaning than the job title.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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