Difference Wiki

Historian vs. Archaeologist

The main difference between Historian and Archaeologist is that a Historian studies past through the written documents, whereas Archaeologist studies history through the physical events.

Key Differences

A historian takes information from the documented records and evidence; on the other hand, archaeologists study based upon physical events.
Historian studies history, whereas archaeologist takes archaeology as a profession.
A historian can get a sufficient job on graduation level, while an archaeologist needs at least a postgraduate degree to get a good job.
A historian does not have fieldwork; conversely, an archaeologist has to do work in the field.
The historian does not need to travel the cites to take information; on the flip side, archaeologist needs traveling to collect data.
A historian studies the artifacts, while an archaeologist studies them and categorizes them according to their period in history.
Janet White
Mar 21, 2020

Comparison Chart


Historian is a person who studies past from the previously documented studies
The person who studies about the past by giving the information about the former times and analyze things from remained particles is known as Archaeologist


The Greek word refers to get information by asking
The Greek word refers to a study of the ancient/ former’ times or events

Types of Evidence

Studies through documented evidence
Studies through the physical evidence

Fields of Work

Historian collects information from documented studies, i.e., books, newspapers, paintings, etc.
The study includes the artifact analysis, underwater evidence, remote sensing, environmental and classical studies of different societies

The Degree to Get a Job

Require a graduate degree
Generally require a PhD
Harlon Moss
Mar 21, 2020

Historian and Archaeologist Definitions


A scholar or writer of history.


The systematic study of past human life and culture by the recovery and examination of remaining material evidence, such as graves, buildings, tools, and pottery.


One who writes or compiles a chronological record of events; a chronicler.


Someone who studies or practises archaeology.


A writer of history; a chronicler; an annalist.


One versed in archæology; an antiquary.


One who studies or researches history.


An anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture


(medicine) One who recounts their own medical history.


A writer of history; a chronicler; an annalist.
Even the historian takes great liberties with facts.


One versed or well informed in history.
Great captains should be good historians.


A person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it

Historian vs. Archaeologist

Historian is the person who studies history and its relation with the human. An archaeologist is a person who studies archaeology as a profession or practices it as a profession. Historian deals with the incidents, events, and things that relate to humanity. Archaeology is the analysis of the past through physical events, like artifacts and other materials.

Historian researches about the history from the written documents and the information can be primary or secondary. An archaeologist collects the information from the lifestyle of our predecessors, by discovering and analyzing their societies and the remainders of specific periods in particular areas and time. The historian collects information through different sources that depend upon the time of recordings like print media, handwritten information, on leaves and, stones. An archaeologist studies history through the remains of physical things, patterns of their houses, the ruination of buildings, and samples of artifacts like weapons, coins, jewelry, and pots, etc..

The historian’s jobs and roles include exploring and analyzing the facts and information and gave logical information to declare the facts and figures about the past. An archaeologist has a duty in the specific areas from where he can get the physical information about the past and remains of the things which were in use of our forefathers.

Historians generally got a job in universities, colleges, and museums, etc. while an archaeologist has fieldwork and he works as a research assistant or technician.

What is a Historian?

Historian is that person who researches history from incidents, events, and happenings of the past. Historians cover up the events, achievements, happenings of the entire human ages, and human relationships with the environment and climate of that time. He considered as the expert and authority in the field of history.

Historians collect the information from written records of past events and incidents. The study includes the past/rare scripts that found on leaves, stones, dried animal leaves, and papers. They can also take information from print media, books, newspapers, and paintings, etc. They collect a lot of information from these documents and recorded materials.

A historian uses different types of sources to find out knowledge about historical events. The types of sources are primary and secondary. Primary sources collected from a real and direct source. Secondary sources are that in which information took from the person other than the primary source. A secondary source of information can be oral and visual from another person or source.

The career opportunities for a historian are in different colleges, universities, and museums, etc. His qualification should at least graduation. But in universities, the qualification should be till postgraduate or Ph.D. level.

The jobs and roles of historians include the reading of historical events and documents, find out further relevant and relative information and data. He should be sure about the authenticity of the data. Historian describes the historical importance of different buildings, he provides data to common people about the historical places and events.

What is an Archaeologist?

The person who studies the past through the physical events of the past is called an archaeologist. Archaeology is the study that involves the recovery, and discovery of different artifacts. The word originated from a Greek word that refers to the study of ancient incidents — an archaeologist study and practice past as a profession. He takes information from the societies of our fore-fathers, discovers the lifestyle of predecessors using the physical artifacts of their time.

An archaeologist analyzes the societies, areas, environments, and specific periods to get informed. He got a lot of data by analysis of physical remains like parts of a human skeleton, memorials, building ruinations, remains of artifacts like jewelry, pots, weapons, coins, and pottery, etc.

The career opportunities for archaeologists depend upon their education and qualification level. The undergraduate degree in archaeology is just for the entry-level like field worker, technician, and research assistant, etc. the post-graduation required for the higher posts in the field of archaeology.

An archaeologist invents many fields like analysis of an artifact, determine the age of the object by radiocarbon dating, and provide information about underwater pieces of evidence. He focuses on the relationship between present and past incidents and concerned about precious and unique buildings that had a significant value in history.

The duties of an Archaeologist include researching history on a physical basis, visit the historical areas and locations. Set up a room/ space of research to find evidence about the past, enumerate and categorize the known artifacts.

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