Difference WikiWords

Difference Between Abstract and Introduction

Main Difference

The main difference between Abstract and Introduction is that the Abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text, whereas the Introduction mainly introduces what the text is about.

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Abstract vs. Introduction

An abstract is the beginning of any research paper or document, giving a summary of the whole. The introduction is the first paragraph or opening of any paper, giving the gist of the paper. The purpose of the abstracts is to prepare the readers for further reading. The purpose of the introduction is to develop an interest in the reader reading that specific paper or document. We find the abstracts mainly in different research papers, thesis, dissertations, and the like. The introduction can find in a wide variety of texts.

The placement of an abstract is at the beginning of a scholarly article. Introductions found at the beginning of any written work. The abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text. The introduction mainly introduces what the text is about. The content of an abstract is composed of results, conclusions, and recommendations. The content of an introduction is deprived of results, conclusions, and recommendations.

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An abstract is gives an eighty percent idea of the article. It can stand alone as a separate document itself. The introduction alone rarely makes sense, so it does not stand separate without the main text. An abstract has the format following background, objective, methods, and results. Beginning: The key points in an introduction are the beginning, tone/tense, content, and length.

Comparison Chart

AbstractIntroduction
The beginning of any research paper or document giving a summary of the wholeThe first paragraph or opening of any paper giving the gist of the paper
Purpose
It summarizes the whole textIt introduces the text
Placement
At the beginning of a scholarly articleAt the beginning of any fiction or non-fiction is written work
Lengthy
LessMore
Content
Results, conclusions, and recommendationsDoes not contain results, conclusions, and recommendation
Found In
Research papers, thesis, dissertationsIn a wide variety of texts
Separate Document
It stands alone as a separate documentIt cannot stand alone as a separate document
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What is Abstract?

An abstract is similar to a summary, but the difference is that an abstract is more concise and direct than a summary. The abstract is a significant part of the articles. Many websites that require monetary payment for access to the article give free access to the abstract of those articles. So the reviewers read the abstract to decide if they should pay for this specific article or not. The conventional length of an abstract is approximately 200–250 words.

A structured abstract gives the overall information very quickly. Its information divided into specific sections. The disorganized abstract usually found in areas that do not relate to the science group or category. An unstructured abstract does not tend to distinct parts or sections. The details, e.g., methods and measurements, are not put in the abstract. If you want to get the idea of a paper, reading its abstract is sufficient, and reading the whole paper is not necessary. It is beneficial to implement for those explorers who are doing so many papers and researches from their research field. Hence an abstract saves time of the reader by giving a glance at what the article is about.

Abstracts are classified into two types descriptive abstracts and informative abstracts. Descriptive abstracts also named as limited abstracts. It is only describing the content of the abstract. Informative abstracts is consisting of the following: purpose, method, scope, results, conclusions, recommendations.

Structured Abstract Format

  • Background
  • Objective
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions

What is the Introduction?

The introduction is the first heading of any piece of writing. It intends the reader to read further. The articles of newspaper and magazine articles also start with an introduction. The purpose of it is to draw the reader’s interest in the article. An introduction is containing the information regarding the background of the article, an outline of the key issues, thesis statement, aims, etc. Introductions can find in various genres, with a slight variation with either category.

The introduction of a novel is more creative than an academic paper. Non-fiction and fiction books have introductions. An introduction explains what is going to be in the main part. An introduction answers several critical questions. The introduction moves from the general to the specific briefly describing the relevant researches. It provides citations along with explaining the importance of the problem and the research. The audience of the introduction is wide professional, not just specialists.

Key points in the Introduction

  • Beginning: (Explaining the importance of the study)
  • Tone/Tense: (Formal and impersonal, use of present tense)
  • Content: (Brief explanation of text)
  • Length: (Almost four paragraphs)

Key Differences

  1. The purpose of the abstracts is to prepare the readers for further reading, whereas the purpose of the introduction is to develop an interest in the reader reading that specific paper or document.
  2. An abstract summarizes the whole text, and on the other hand, an introduction introduces what the text is about.
  3. The abstract is always placed at the beginning of a scholarly article contrarily introductions are found at the beginning of any fiction or non-fiction is written work.
  4. We find the abstracts mainly in different research papers, thesis, dissertations, and the like on the flip side introduction can be found in a wide variety of texts.
  5. Abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text; conversely, the introduction mainly introduces what the text is about.
  6. The content of an abstract is composed of results, conclusions, and recommendations; on the contrary, the content of an introduction is deprived of results, conclusions, and recommendations.
  7. An abstract has the format following background, objective, methods, and result; on the converse, the key points in an introduction are the beginning, tone/tense, content, and length.
  8. The abstract is gives an eighty percent idea of the article. It can stand alone as a separate entity, while the introduction alone rarely makes sense, so it does not stand separate without the main text.

Conclusion

Abstract and Introduction are the two sections present at the beginning of a paper or document. Both Abstract and Introduction are similar, but there are some differences based on their features.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson