Abstract vs. Introduction

Main Difference

The main difference between Abstract and Introduction is that the Abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text, whereas the Introduction mainly introduces what the text is about.

Abstract vs. Introduction — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Abstract and Introduction

Abstract vs. Introduction

The purpose of the abstracts is to prepare the readers for further reading, whereas the purpose of the introduction is to develop an interest in the reader reading that specific paper or document.

Abstract vs. Introduction

An abstract summarizes the whole text, and on the other hand, an introduction introduces what the text is about.

Abstract vs. Introduction

The abstract is always placed at the beginning of a scholarly article contrarily introductions are found at the beginning of any fiction or non-fiction is written work.

Abstract vs. Introduction

We find the abstracts mainly in different research papers, thesis, dissertations, and the like on the flip side introduction can be found in a wide variety of texts.

Abstract vs. Introduction

Abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text; conversely, the introduction mainly introduces what the text is about.

Abstract vs. Introduction

The content of an abstract is composed of results, conclusions, and recommendations; on the contrary, the content of an introduction is deprived of results, conclusions, and recommendations.

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Abstract vs. Introduction

An abstract has the format following background, objective, methods, and result; on the converse, the key points in an introduction are the beginning, tone/tense, content, and length.

Abstract vs. Introduction

The abstract is gives an eighty percent idea of the article. It can stand alone as a separate entity, while the introduction alone rarely makes sense, so it does not stand separate without the main text.

Abstractnoun

An abridgement or summary of a longer publication.

Introductionnoun

The act or process of introducing.

Abstractnoun

Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of a larger item, or multiple items.

Introductionnoun

A means, such as a personal letter, of presenting one person to another.

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Abstractnoun

Concentrated essence of a product.

Introductionnoun

An initial section of a book or article, which introduces the subject material.

Abstractnoun

(medicine) A powdered solid extract of a medicinal substance mixed with lactose.

Introductionnoun

A written or oral explanation of what constitutes the basis of an issue.

Abstractnoun

An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract.

Introductionnoun

the first section of a communication

Abstractnoun

The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form.

Introductionnoun

the act of beginning something new;

they looked forward to the debut of their new product line

Abstractnoun

(arts) An abstract work of art.

Introductionnoun

formally making a person known to another or to the public

Abstractnoun

(real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.

Introductionnoun

a basic or elementary instructional text

Abstractadjective

(obsolete) Derived; extracted.

Introductionnoun

a new proposal;

they resisted the introduction of impractical alternatives

Abstractadjective

Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate.

Introductionnoun

the act of putting one thing into another

Abstractadjective

Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object.

Introductionnoun

the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new;

she looked forward to her initiation as an adultthe foundation of a new scientific societyhe regards the fork as a modern introduction

Abstractadjective

Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific.

Abstractadjective

Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize.

Abstractadjective

(archaic) Absent-minded.

Abstractadjective

(arts) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them.

Abstractadjective

Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century.

Abstractadjective

(music) Absolute.

Abstractadjective

(dance) Lacking a story.

Abstractadjective

Insufficiently factual.

Abstractadjective

Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.

Abstractadjective

(grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.

Abstractadjective

(computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To separate; to disengage.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw.

Abstractverb

To steal; to take away; to remove without permission.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize.

Abstractverb

To extract by means of distillation.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality.

Abstractverb

To withdraw oneself; to retire.

Abstractverb

(transitive) To draw off (interest or attention).

He was wholly abstracted by other objects.

Abstractverb

To perform the process of abstraction.

Abstractverb

To create abstractions.

Abstractverb

To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".

He abstracted out the square root function.

Abstractnoun

a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;

he loved her only in the abstract--not in person

Abstractnoun

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory

Abstractverb

consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically

Abstractverb

make off with belongings of others

Abstractverb

consider apart from a particular case or instance;

Let's abstract away from this particular example

Abstractverb

give an abstract (of)

Abstractadjective

existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment;

abstract words like `truth' and `justice'

Abstractadjective

not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature;

a large abstract painting

Abstractadjective

based on specialized theory;

a theoretical analysis

Abstractadjective

dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention;

abstract reasoningabstract science

Comparison Chart

AbstractIntroduction
The beginning of any research paper or document giving a summary of the wholeThe first paragraph or opening of any paper giving the gist of the paper
Purpose
It summarizes the whole textIt introduces the text
Placement
At the beginning of a scholarly articleAt the beginning of any fiction or non-fiction is written work
Lengthy
LessMore
Content
Results, conclusions, and recommendationsDoes not contain results, conclusions, and recommendation
Found In
Research papers, thesis, dissertationsIn a wide variety of texts
Separate Document
It stands alone as a separate documentIt cannot stand alone as a separate document

Abstract vs. Introduction

An abstract is the beginning of any research paper or document, giving a summary of the whole. The introduction is the first paragraph or opening of any paper, giving the gist of the paper. The purpose of the abstracts is to prepare the readers for further reading. The purpose of the introduction is to develop an interest in the reader reading that specific paper or document. We find the abstracts mainly in different research papers, thesis, dissertations, and the like. The introduction can find in a wide variety of texts.

The placement of an abstract is at the beginning of a scholarly article. Introductions found at the beginning of any written work. The abstract gives an overall summary of the whole text. The introduction mainly introduces what the text is about. The content of an abstract is composed of results, conclusions, and recommendations. The content of an introduction is deprived of results, conclusions, and recommendations.

An abstract is gives an eighty percent idea of the article. It can stand alone as a separate document itself. The introduction alone rarely makes sense, so it does not stand separate without the main text. An abstract has the format following background, objective, methods, and results. Beginning: The key points in an introduction are the beginning, tone/tense, content, and length.

What is Abstract?

An abstract is similar to a summary, but the difference is that an abstract is more concise and direct than a summary. The abstract is a significant part of the articles. Many websites that require monetary payment for access to the article give free access to the abstract of those articles. So the reviewers read the abstract to decide if they should pay for this specific article or not. The conventional length of an abstract is approximately 200–250 words.

A structured abstract gives the overall information very quickly. Its information divided into specific sections. The disorganized abstract usually found in areas that do not relate to the science group or category. An unstructured abstract does not tend to distinct parts or sections. The details, e.g., methods and measurements, are not put in the abstract. If you want to get the idea of a paper, reading its abstract is sufficient, and reading the whole paper is not necessary. It is beneficial to implement for those explorers who are doing so many papers and researches from their research field. Hence an abstract saves time of the reader by giving a glance at what the article is about.

Abstracts are classified into two types descriptive abstracts and informative abstracts. Descriptive abstracts also named as limited abstracts. It is only describing the content of the abstract. Informative abstracts is consisting of the following: purpose, method, scope, results, conclusions, recommendations.

Structured Abstract Format

  • Background
  • Objective
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions

What is the Introduction?

The introduction is the first heading of any piece of writing. It intends the reader to read further. The articles of newspaper and magazine articles also start with an introduction. The purpose of it is to draw the reader’s interest in the article. An introduction is containing the information regarding the background of the article, an outline of the key issues, thesis statement, aims, etc. Introductions can find in various genres, with a slight variation with either category.

The introduction of a novel is more creative than an academic paper. Non-fiction and fiction books have introductions. An introduction explains what is going to be in the main part. An introduction answers several critical questions. The introduction moves from the general to the specific briefly describing the relevant researches. It provides citations along with explaining the importance of the problem and the research. The audience of the introduction is wide professional, not just specialists.

Key points in the Introduction

  • Beginning: (Explaining the importance of the study)
  • Tone/Tense: (Formal and impersonal, use of present tense)
  • Content: (Brief explanation of text)
  • Length: (Almost four paragraphs)
Conclusion

Abstract and Introduction are the two sections present at the beginning of a paper or document. Both Abstract and Introduction are similar, but there are some differences based on their features.