Difference Between Electrolysis and Electroplating

Main Difference

The main difference between electrolysis and electroplating is that electrolysis is the mechanism in which the electricity is used to carry-out the non-spontaneous chemical reaction, whereas electroplating is the mechanism in which we plate one metal on the surface of another metal in the presence of electricity.

Electrolysis vs. Electroplating

Electrolysis is the process in which we use electricity to drive the non-spontaneous chemical reaction; on the other hand, electroplating is the process in which we coat one metal surface on another metal by using electricity. Electrolysis is very helpful to carry out the non-spontaneous chemical reaction, whereas in electroplating the metallic ions are used to coat over another metal. Its applications are very vast, like, i.e., electrosynthesis, electrorefining, mercury cell process, etc., whereas electroplating is used to prevent or save a metal from corrosion and used in decorative purposes.

For both purposes, electricity is used. Electrolysis is also called the redox reaction, which is occurred by the energy-demanding process; on the flip side, electroplating is the electricity utilizing process; this process uses an electrical cell to carry out electroplating. Electrolysis is a process that uses the direct electric current to break the bond in a chemical compound; on the other hand, electroplating uses the electricity to reduce metal on the surface of another metal.

Electrolysis is also called the extraction of metals from its oars, whereas electroplating is the process of coating of metals on the pure metals. Electrolysis requires two oppositely charged parallel poles; on the other hand, electroplating is the process of connecting the metals with two poles of the battery for the deposition of impure metals ions on the electrode in the pure metallic form. In the Electrolysis process, the direct electric current is used to derive the non-spontaneous reaction; on the other hand, electroplating is the process in which the electrodes are connected with the battery to carry out the reaction.

Comparison Chart

ElectrolysisElectroplating
It the process in which non-spontaneous reaction is carried out in the presence of electricityIt is defined as the coating of one metals ions on the surface of another metal
Uses
Electrolysis is used to carry out the non-spontaneous reactionIt is used to plating one metals on the surface of another metal
Applications
It is used for electrosynthesis, electrorefining, and mercury cell processElectroplating is used in preventing the metals from corrosion or used in the decorative process
Daily Uses
Electrolysis is commonly used in daily life, for example, the alkali used in the soap making process is obtained by electrolysisThe daily uses of electroplating are in the form of gold and silver chains and decorative things
Process
Electrolysis process used both opposite poles for the passage of currentIn this process, the only electrode is used for the deposition of pure metals
Mechanisms
Electrolysis is the process in which the direct current is used to derive the mechanismElectroplating is the process of plating one metallic ion on the surface of another metal with the use of electric current

What is Electrolysis?

Electrolysis is the process in which the non-spontaneous chemical reaction is carried out under the action of electrical current. The mechanism of electrolysis is the direct use of electricity for carrying out the non-spontaneous reaction. It has a vast application like electrosynthesis, electrorefining, and mercury cell process, etc.

It is commonly used in daily life for example, alkali is used in soap, which is an extract from electrolysis. Electroplating is the process in which both poles of electricity are used for the direct current of electricity. Electrolysis is used to carry out the non-spontaneous reaction. Electrolysis is generally used to decompose large compounds.

What is Electroplating?

It is the process in which the electricity is used for coating the one layer of metal on another metal. This mechanism is carried out under the presence of electricity. This process is used to plate one precious metal on the surface of another metal like decorative pieces.

This process has very vast applications like preventing one metal from corrosion with the help of another metal, i.e., electroplating of gold on the electrode from the impure form of gold. This process has many daily uses like preventing the iron from corrosion and commonly used in the decorative method. In this method, electrodes are the most important part of this method.

Key Differences

  1. Electrolysis is the process in which the electricity is used to carry out the non-spontaneous reaction, whereas electroplating is the process in which the metals are deposits on the surface of another metal.
  2. Electrolysis is the process in which the reaction is connected with two poles of the battery and cell; on the other hand, electroplating is the process in which the electrodes are dipped in the reaction.
  3. The electrolysis process has a very vast application like electrosynthesis, electrorefining, and chemical method; conversely, electroplating also has very vast applications like preventing the iron from corrosion and decorative methods.
  4. Electrolysis is commonly used in laboratories; on the flip side; electroplating is commonly used in heavy industries.
  5. Electrolysis is the energy-demanding process that carries out under the redox reaction; on the flip side, electroplating is the process of energy utilizing process, and this process is carried out under the use of electrodes.

Conclusion

Electrolysis is the process in which the electricity is used to carry out the non-spontaneous reaction, whereas electroplating is the process in which the electricity is used to plate one metal on the surface of another metal to prevent from corrosion.

Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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