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Difference Between Efficiency and Effectiveness

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Main Difference

Efficiency and effectiveness are the terms related to the management. They are felt to be the same words but actually both are different words. Efficiency refers to the extent a job is done in right way. Effectiveness refers to how much performed job is useful. Efficiency is the ratio of output to input but effectiveness is the comparison of the desired output and actual output. Both are boarder terms. Efficiency is process oriented while effectiveness is not process oriented. For being successful, the process should be effective and efficient as well.

What is Efficiency?

Efficiency refers to the extent a job is done in right way. It is about doing right things. Scientifically efficiency is the ration of output to the input of any process. It is our desire to get the maximum output with minimum input, means we want the efficiency high. It is an effort oriented and process oriented as well. The goal of a task also depends upon it. Efficiency is time dependent. Efficiency is restricted to the present condition.

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What is Effectiveness?

Effectiveness refers to how much performed job is useful. It is about completing tasks and achieving goals. It is the measure of the process continuously to meet the actual output according to desired output. It is neither effort nor process oriented. It is goal oriented but don’t depend upon time. Effectiveness keeps the long term consideration.

Key Differences

  • Efficiency refers to the extent a job is done in right way while effectiveness refers to how much performed job is useful.
  • Efficiency is restricted to the present condition while effectiveness keeps the long term consideration.
  • Efficiency is an effort oriented while effectiveness is not effort oriented.
  • Efficiency is an process oriented while effectiveness is not process oriented.
  • Efficiency is the ratio of output to input but effectiveness is the comparison of the desired output and actual output.
  • It is not compulsory that an efficient process is effective and vice versa.
  • Efficiency may refer to time taken for doing a job and effectiveness is the level of result.
  • Efficiency is time oriented while effectiveness is not time oriented.
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Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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