Difference Between Dog and Wolf

Main Difference

The main difference between Dog and Wolf is that dog is a domesticating carnivorous mammal that usually comprises a long snout, non-retractable claws, an acute sense of smell, howling, or whining voice whereas wolf is a wild carnivorous mammal which is the most significant participant of the dog family which are living and hunting in packs.

Dog vs. Wolf

The dog is a domesticating carnivorous mammal that usually comprises a long snout, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, non-retractable claws, howling or whining voice whereas wolf is a wild carnivorous mammal which is the most significant participant of the dog family, living and hunting in packs. Dogs contain smaller and weaker skull and jaws, whereas the skull and muzzle are more extensive and stronger in the wolf. Canis lupus familiaris is the specie of dog whereas canis lupus is the specie of wolf. The speed of the dog is 20-45 mph whereas the speed of the wolf is 31-37 mph. Most domestic dogs sexually develop at the age of 6 to 12 months, whereas wolves reach at sexual maturity after two or three years when they leave their pack in search of a mate. Wolves and dogs are closely relating in evolutionary terms as dogs are inextricably bound to the individual circumstance, so mostly they are domestic animal whereas wolves are wild animals. Dogs mostly live by themselves and mostly need no containment, whereas wolves are social and live in packs as they need fenced yards and constant monitoring. Dogs are generally more friendly with animals and sometimes with other pets as well, whereas wolves are usually more intelligent and more aware of their surroundings as compare to dogs. Dog barks, whereas wolves tend to howl.

Comparison Chart

DogWolf
A domestic carnivorous mammalA wild carnivorous mammal
Specie
Canis lupus familiarisCanis lupus
Speed
20-45 mph31-37 mph
Skull
Smaller, WeakerLarger, Stronger
Appearance
Dogs contain rounder faces and more enormous eyes than wolvesInquiring eyes and long face
Category
OmnivoresCarnivores
Wild/Domestic
Mostly domestic animalWild animal
Maturation
Mature after 6 to 12 monthMature after two to three year

What is Dog?

The dog is a domestic carnivorous mammal that naturally comprises a long snout, non-retractable claws, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, howling, or whining voice. The dog is the domesticating form of the gray wolf. Dogs comprise relatively smaller skulls with variable muzzles, smaller teeth, and varying leg lengths smaller brains, as compare to wolves. Smaller brains entail fewer calories for dogs to survive. The hand of a dog is half the size of that of a wolf, and a dog’s tails curl upwards. Dogs respond to the voice. Dog teeth comprise less complicating point patterns and a much smaller tympanic bulla. The dog lost some of its hunting capability because of domestication. The dog can repetitively read facial expressions of their human masters. Dogs are domesticating for a very long time now, and more responsive to domesticating techniques. Most domestic dogs are sexually mature at the age of 6 to 12 months, but some large breeds take longer time slightly as domesticating female dog heat two times a year. Dogs usually live by themselves, and most need no containment. Dogs are commonly more friendly with animals and with other pets as well. Dogs fall under the category of a carnivore as they are large omnivores and can digest a wide variety of foods like grains, fruits, vegetables, plants, and meat.

What is Wolf?

Wolf is the most significant wild participant of the family Canidae. Wolf comprise more giant, broader skulls with a longer muzzle, larger brains, larger teeth, and legs. They contain a narrow chest with forelegs press into it. Elbows point inwards, and feet point outwards. Wolf includes a pre-caudal gland at the base of their tail using to discharge a pheromone onto another wolf, marks that wolf as a member of a particular pack, but this gland is useless in dogs and functions only slightly in dogs. The wolf is a natural hunter. Wolf’s teeth are a scheme for hunting. Wolf comprise stronger molars enabling them to press large bones. Wolf can prey on little children. Wolf live in nuclear families where the male wolf is like the father and other wolves behind the leader of the pack are like children after the lead of their parents. Wolf reach at sexual maturity after two or three years when they leave their pack in search of a mate. Female wolves originate into season or heat only once in a year. Wolf are social and live in packs. They need fenced yards and constant observing. Wolves mainly feed on meat and even fish and attack medium to large-sized ungulates with their hunting powers.

Key Difference

  1. The dog is a domesticating carnivorous mammal whereas wolf is a wild carnivorous mammal.
  2. Dog contains smaller and weaker skull and jaws while the skull and muzzle are more extensive and stronger in the wolf.
  3. Canis lupus familiaris is the specie of dog whereas canis lupus is the specie of wolf.
  4. The speed of the dog is 20-45 mph conversely the speed of wolf is 31-37 mph.
  5. The dog is adapting to a more omnivorous lifestyle, but wolves are carnivores as they require high amounts of energy to flourish in the wild.
  6. Most domestic dogs are sexually mature at the age of 6 to 12 months on the other hand wolves reach at sexual maturity after two or three years.
  7. A dog usually lives by themselves but wolves are social and live in packs.
  8. The dog usually is more friendly with animals and sometimes with other pets as well, whereas wolves are generally more intelligent and more aware of their environment.
  9. Dog barks, whereas wolves tend to howl.

Conclusion

Above this discussion, it concludes that dog is a domesticating carnivorous mammal that usually comprises a long snout, non-retractable claws, an acute sense of smell, whining voice whereas wolf is a wild carnivorous mammal which is the most significant participant of the dog family.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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