Difference Between Nationality and Citizenship


Main Difference

The main difference between nationality and citizenship is that the nationality of a person illustrate his/her residence or country of birth while the citizenship of a person display that the individual is enrolled as a citizen by the government of the respective country.

Nationality vs. Citizenship

The nationality of a person, declare his/her place of birth, i.e., from where he/she belongs. It defines the association of a person to a particular nation while citizenship is admitted to a respective by the government of the country when he/she accord with the legal formalities. Nationality is the legal status, which shows the country from which a respective belongs, on the other hand, Citizenship is a status acquired by becoming a registered member of the state by law. Nationality Based on international assemblages, every independent state is dominated to determine its ancients, as per nationality law. One has the appropriate enter or return to the country; they came from, and in citizenship, every estate grants some legal rights and authority to its citizens, and they are also forced to follow the rules and regulations confined by the government of the respective country. Having a nationality is crucial for acceptance full trust under international regulation while citizenship is a specific legal kinship between ashore and a person. It gives that person certain justness and responsibilities. Nationality can be described as a session that refers to the association with a group having the same culture, practice history, language, and other general correlations. On the other hand, citizenship may not refer to people of the same group. No one will be able to change his nationality, but one entity has different citizenship.


Comparison Chart

Nationality is the individual members that show a person’s relationship with the state.Citizenship is the constitutional status, which states that the person recognized as a citizen of the country.
Ethnic or racial.Legal or juristic.
Nationality cannot be changed.Citizenship can be changed.
Possible to have
A person can be ethnic of only one country.A person can grow into a citizen of more than one country.
The community or country where the respective has taken birth.The respective is certified as a citizen by the government of the country.
Nationality is the status arising out of the fact that a person is the origin of a particular nation.Citizenship is the economic status that can be obtained by meeting the legal requirements set by the government of the state.
Taken back or not?
The nationality of a body cannot be taken back, once acquired.The citizenship of a body can be taken back.

What is Nationality?

Nationality is the condition of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization. Nationality is a constitutional relationship among a person and a state. Nationality manages the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person protection of the state what these rights and duties vary from state to state. It is the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society. It is the membership of a particular nation or state, by origin, birth, naturalization, ownership, allegiance or otherwise. It’s having a common origin, tradition, and language and capable of forming or constituting a nation-state. Nationality has political independence or existence as a separate nation. Someone’s nationality is their character as defined by the country to which they belong. Nationality establishes a person’s political status, particularly in to which country that person gives his allegiance. A person obtains his nationality either by being born into his country or by naturalization, which is the process he would need to undergo to become a citizen. By procedure and international conventions, it is the right of each state to determine who its nationals are. No one shall be immediately deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. Nationality, with its historical origins in allegiance to an absolute majesty, was seen originally as a permanent, inherent, unchangeable condition, and later when a change of allegiance was permitted, as a strictly exclusive relationship, so that becoming a national of one state required rejecting the previous state.

What is Citizenship?

Citizenship is the state of being a member of a particular country and having rights because of it. If you have citizenship of a country, you have the benefit of living there, work, vote and pay taxes. It is the nation of living in a particular sphere or town and behaving in resources that other group who live there expect of you. Citizenship is also interchange out the duties and accountability of an appendage of a particular society. It is a membership in a community. Citizenship is more than common livelihood somewhere. If you have citizenship, you have a full system of correctness that non-citizens determination not have. Citizenship conjures images of a strong national personality determined by birth, ethnicity, history, culture, and breeding – so the idea of assistance citizenship may be foreign and difficult to grasp. However, in a legal sense, ‘citizenship’ indicates the kinship between an individual and a nation-state. Normally, the individual is conferred protection by the state, in dividend for the contentment of certain liability owed by the individual to the state. Citizenship implies the ranks of independence with accompanying responsibilities. The vertical responsibilities of citizenship are allegiance, taxation, and military service. It has the legal prerogative and chance of individuals attached to nationalities under domestic law. Citizenship has a more definite meaning and refers to correctness and handicap that entity only is exercised after the years of majority or to prerogative and responsibility that entity only is exercised in the national territory. Citizenship is gained by an interview the legal assignment of a national, state, or local government. A state grants certain authority and advantage to its citizens. In return, the resident is expected to obey their country’s convention and defend it against its enemies.

Key Differences

  1. The nationality of a person is the loci of birth; basically, it’s an ethnic and racial concept. Citizenship is admitted to an individual by the rule of the country when he/she give in with the legal formalities, so its like a judicial concept.
  2. Nationality is the classification of intermingling to particular land and citizenship is the position or rank of entity a taxpayer of a particular country.
  3. Nationality can’t be reversed while citizenship tins also are
  4. Another diversity is that a fellow can be only a national of one nation while he can hold citizenship of various countries. For example, Ali was a national of Pakistan but was a taxpayer of America.
  5. The nationality is a session used to say a particular person’s ethnicity or soil of nationality whereas citizenship is a legal assembly we acquire as an aftereffect of legal procedures.
  6. Nationality is got through inheritance from his guardian, or it is called a natural phenomenon. On the other hand, in citizenship, an individual becomes a taxpayer of a soil only when he is accepted into that country’s political food through legal terms.
  7. No one can change his nationality, but one can have different citizenship.
  8. Nationality is a matter of international dealings, and citizenship focused on the internal political life of the state.


Nationality, as the name suggests, is something injunction with the nation, which homes access and is innate by birth. On the other hand, citizenship is a part distinctive, which requires a person to accomplish the legal formalities to become an identified member of the state. Further, nationality is a subject of international dealings while citizenship is a concern of the country’s internal political life. Nationality is an essential rank to achieve full citizenship but not the only requirement to be fulfilled. It allows a fellow full civil and social justness along with political rights. The home who is national but they not granted full rights of the spot are known as a second-class citizen.