Difference Between Occupation and Profession


Main Difference

The main difference between occupation and profession is that occupation is an activity undertaken by the person to earn his livelihood. It can be business or employment that a person undertakes to make money whereas profession is an activity that needs specialized training, knowledge, qualification, and skills.

Occupation vs. Profession

Occupation is an activity tackle by the person to earn his income. It can be business, job or employment that a person manages to make money whereas profession is an activity that requires special training, command, qualification, and expertise. An activity performed by a person usually for monetary compensation is known as the Occupation. Profession refers to vocation, in which a high degree of education or skills required. Occupation is a neutral, generic term while profession implies an intellectual pursuit. Occupation does not need any extensive instruction; on the other hand; a profession needs extensive instruction and specific grip. For an occupation, no one has independent power; another person supervises he or she whereas a profession tends to be independent. In occupation, these are jobs with definite limitations: they need the basics of having someone there to do them, there is usually little pay, and they come with no social statures. A profession, on the other hand, is a chance for consistent growth. Once the compulsory academic training completed, a professional is required to have specific training. Extra development and experience are considered a plus. A person with an occupation commonly has a supervisor while a professional has most of the responsibility related to his job.


Comparison Chart

Occupation is something that immerses your time and pays you for it.A profession is something you prepare for and get paid to do.
No specific training required.Much training is required, from higher education too expensive training and specialization.
Basis of Salaries
Salaries are low to mean; there is an absolute to how much you can make.Salaries are high and based on how well-prepared the professional is.
Pays for
Pays for your time.Pays for what you know.
Rate of Independence
There is no independence.A professional is completely independent.
A person can have several occupations throughout his life.In the profession, a person usually has just one job.
Ethical Code
The occupation has no moral or ethical work code.There is a moral or ethical work code as well as a regulated status in the profession.
Respect and Status
There are low respect and status in occupation.There are very high respect and status in a profession.
In occupation, there are no responsibilities.In the profession, there are many responsibilities.

What is Occupation?

Occupation is a person’s job in society. More specifically, a job is an action, often proper and often performed in exchange for payment for a living. Many people have different jobs. A person can begin a job by flattering an operator, volunteering, starting a business, or becoming a cause. The period of a job may range from limited to a lifetime. It is the state of being occupied, taken over, or settled. It is an activity in which a person is engaged. In regards to occupation, no one has autonomous power; another person supervises him or her. Moreover, any person can make assessments, as this type of work does not require high degrees of knowledge and skill. These are jobs someone can perform at one point, as no specific and long-term practice is necessary. In most companies, the pay of these people are low to medium, and it mainly depends on how much they can produce. They always answer to someone else, and they have an average social status. Occupation is usually a neutral, broad term indicating any activity that takes up a noteworthy quantity of time. Occupation is an extensive term; it can be used to describe many jobs. The term occupation is also used on official documents and forms to refer to one’s job title. Substantial or intellectual both types of tasks comprised of an occupation.

What is a Profession?

A profession is employment founded upon special educational training, the basis of which is to supply impartial, objective counsel and service to others, for direct and definite compensation. It implicit membership of a professional body and certification of practice. The individuals who approach a profession of rendition personalized assistance are called professionals, who are led by a certain etiquette, set up by the respective body. Ethical codes are enlarged by the professional body which must be followed by the professionals, to ensure uniformity in their work. It refers to conceptual pursuits which involve gaining a recognized qualification. A person exercising a profession must have a lot of specialized training in his field, which allows him to possess a large amount of specialized knowledge.

Key Differences

  1. In occupation, there is no need for specific training while a person perfecting a profession must have a lot of specialized training in his field, which allows him to possess a higher level of specialized knowledge.
  2. Persons busy in an occupation are not paid for their knowledge, but only for what they produce while a job can be called a profession when a person paid for his specific skills and his deep knowledge.
  3. Unlike occupation, the profession has a diplomatic code.
  4. An occupation is independent, i.e., his work not infected by any extrinsic force. Conversely, there is a need for independence in the profession because the person accomplishes the occupation has to follow the orders of his supervisors.
  5. Unlike occupation, a profession needs that the responsibility lies with the individual.


The use of the term “occupation” in place of “profession” can assert the fact that the job being argue is not a profession but is another type of job. An occupation that is not a profession mostly allows the person less independence. Anyhow, the difference between profession and occupation is sometimes not clear. For example, while some people would inspect certain white collar jobs to be professions, others would consider them occupations.