Difference Between Government and Parliament


Main Difference

Government and parliament are two different terms is a political set up. Both are considered as the powerful pillar of the country but are responsible for the difference duties assigned by the constitution or any other law of the country. After reading this article, you will be clear on the difference between government and parliament.

What is Government?

Government is a system of governing a state, country or community. Government is the means of enforcing the law and policies of the constitution. In fact, it represents the group of people who are given authority by the eligible citizens through free and fair election, to run the country or state. Government system varies in country. In some countries government is run by the prime minister and in some countries president is responsible for the same. Government performs its functions through different government departments such as health department, transport department, food department, education department, finance department, etc.


What is Parliament?

Parliament is the first most powerful and fundamental pillar in a government system. It is the house of representative of the citizens who are elected by the public to hold the public office for a fixed term. Parliament is the collective name of two houses, the “Senate or Upper House” and “House of Representative or National Assembly” that are also called as “Lower House”. Parliament is responsible for approving or changing the country’s law. Annual budget is also passed by the parliament before the approval of the prime minister or president, whoever is the head of government.

Key Differences

  1. Institution such as health department, food department, finance department, etc. are run by the government while parliament is responsible for the legislation of the country or making or amending the policies.
  2. Parliament is the name of two houses, Senate and House of Representatives or National Assembly while government is the name of official public officer form central level to local level.
  3. Government is answerable to the parliament while parliament is answerable to the public.
  4. Parliament members or parliamentarian are the member of the state and they become eligible through an election process while government officials are the public office who joins the government department through a recruitment process.
  5. Parliament makes the law while government administers the law.
Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson