Difference Between Git vs. Mercurial

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Main Difference

Git and Mercurial are the Distributed Version Control Systems (DVCS). Mercurial is preferred in case when you have to work with small team and the main concern is to save the work and don’t let it to get lost. Git is preferred in case when you have to work in open and encouraging contributions from anywhere and you have to manage cleanly without any accidental breakage to your core published code.

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What is Git?

Git is a Distributed Version Control System (DVCS).For sharing and modifying open source software, Git is widely used through its commercial website github. Git is preferred in case when you have to work in open and encouraging contributions from anywhere and you have to manage cleanly without any accidental breakage to your core published code. Its flexibility is quite high than other DVCS. It is quite powerful as it let you more low-level commands in its workflow.

What is Mercurial?

Mercurial is a Distributed Version Control System (DVCS). Mercurial is preferred in case when you have to work with small team and the main concern is to save the work and don’t let it to get lost. Mercurial is quite easier to learn and is simple. Mercurial hides the advanced features by default and leave it upon user either to activate them or not through its configuration

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Key Differences

  1. Mercurial is quite easier than Git to learn
  2. Mercurial is comparatively simpler than Git to learn.
  3. Git is comparatively more flexible than Mercurial.
  4. Git is comparatively more powerful than Mercurial.
  5. Git provides you the more low-level commands as compare to Mercurial as Mercurial hids the advanced features by default and leave it upon user either to activate them or not through its configuration.
  6. Pulling in Git is quite easy for workflow changes than Mercurial.
  7. Pushing in Mercurial is easy for workflow changes than Git.
  8. In Git the only the programmer owner’s actions can change the local repository for a working directory by doing a “pull”. On the other hand in Mercurial an external push can change the local repository to a working set of files.
  9. In Git there are many risks and hazards of errors for the repository on the server and thus duplicate work repository is required to be made for this purpose. In Mercurial there are no such hazards for working on the server repository.
  10. When committing through the index, Git has an extra “layer of indirection” while Mercurial has a simpler interface.
  11. Mercurial is preferred in case when you have to work with small team and the main concern is to save the work and don’t let it to get lost.
  12. Git is preferred in case when you have to work in open and encouraging contributions from anywhere and you have to manage cleanly without any accidental breakage to your core published code.

Comparison Video