Difference Between Continent and Country


Main Difference

The main difference between the Continent and Country is that the Continent is home to different countries, whereas the Country is a part of a continent or home to many cities, towns, and villages.

Continent vs. Country

Part of a continent is the country, while part of the whole world is continent. Cities, villages, and towns are contained in a county, whereas several countries include in a continent. A continent is resolute by geography, while the country determines by boundaries, and they dispute sometimes.

In a continent, people have nothing common except their boundaries and locations. The country; on the other hand, is separated by politically, culturally, and geography, but geographical boundaries separation is continent. In a country, people have lots of familiar things like language, culture, and history.


Comparison Chart

Vast landmass on earth is called the Continent.A particular part of a continent on the land is called Country.
The large piece of landThe smaller part of the land
Home of many countriesHome of many cities, towns, and villages
Has no governmentHas its government
Oceans, rivers, seas, and mountainsOther countries
Divided into countriesDivided into states
Seven continentsOver 190 countries
Not has any system of rulesOwn rules and regulations
Not dependent on anyoneDependent on other countries
Do not have a shared economy, policies, goals, etc.Share some currencies, economy, goals, policies, etc.

What is a Continent?

Part of the land that is home to numerous countries is known as the Continent. A continent is not dependent on others. A vast landmass that gets separated from the rest of the continents by oceans is the continent.

The word continent derived from the Latin word “terra continens,” which means connected area. Continents are striking by their geographical locations but include regions that are known as countries, and they are unequal in size.

Geologists believe that all the continents merged during the Mesozoic Era, then they became one supercontinent known as Pangaea. This Pangaea was three times larger than the largest continent, i.e., Asia. Two hundred million years ago, this supercontinent break and this process of breaking gave the seven continents.

In these seven continents, some connected while others are not. It contains numerous countries. Due to smaller size, Antarctica and Australia are two continents as well as countries. People of the same continents may have similarities. Five continents of land start and end with the same alphabet, but two are not.

Seven Continents of the World

  • Asia: Asia is the largest continent in the world due to its size and population.
  • Africa: The second-largest continent is Africa.
  • Australia: On Earth, Australia is the smallest continent.
  • Antarctica: Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, wildest, and emptiest continent of the world.
  • Europe: Europe contains the highest mountain.
  • North America: It is a continent that has every type of climate.
  • South America: This continent contains the world’s largest river as per the volume of water and second the longest.

What is a Country?

Part of a continent on this earth is known as Country. An international status as a land populated by a specific group of people in a country. The smaller piece of earth has its own rules, set of laws, and limitations for the people.

The word country derived from the Latin word “contra,” which means the lies opposite the sight. In the whole world, there are more than a hundred big and small countries on seven continents. To support other countries and for trade, a country is dependent on other countries.

It divided by geographically, culturally, and politically. It is a part of the continent that determined the national boundaries of one country to another. A country has its government, laws, administration, constitution, police, military, and taxes. The population in a country is referred to as another’s a countryman.

There are many countries round about 190 all over the world, for example, Pakistan, India, China, Canada, Australia, Saudi Arabia, and many more.

Key Differences

  1. There are seven continents in the world, while more than one hundred countries in all continents.
  2. Continents are determined by geographically, whereas boundaries determine countries.
  3. A continent has not its government, but the country has.
  4. Home to many countries is continent; on the other hand, the country is a home of many cities and towns.
  5. Oceans, mountains, and seas are borders of a continent, while other countries are borders of a country.
  6. The large area of land is the continent; on the other hand, a smaller piece is the country.
  7. A continent is independent, but the country depends on other countries for trade.
  8. Continents did not share their currencies, goals, and policies while countries can.


A continent is a piece of the land or world, whereas a country is part of a continent.

Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson