Central Government vs. Local Government
Central Government vs. Local Government
The central government is the supreme power of the country and is responsible for law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. Local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province. The main responsibility of a central government is to make laws that ensure the national security, foreign diplomacy and policy, international affairs, economic decisions, defining a budget, regulating nation authorities and associations, regulating local governments, etc. Whereas the basic roles of the local government are the implementation of laws and policies developed by the central government and the local government itself in order to create a secure and prosper environment of a particular state.
What is the Central Government?
In a democratic government system, the central government is a type of governing body of a country that is responsible for the law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. It is the supreme power of the country. The central government of a nation is usually controlled by the elected federal authorities and various other authorities categorized as the establishment. The establishment is the elite authority class consisting of different policy-making wings that are responsible for the power and authority in a nation.
Election procedure of electing central government differs from region to region and country to country and depends on the system of government-endorsed. Generally, the Central government is elected by conducting general public voting, electors, elected parliamentarians, etc. based on different regions. In the US, as per endorsement of the presidential system, the central government is elected indirectly by the general public. The registered voters first cast votes for the candidates completing for electors in all the 50 states, then the elected electors further vote to choose the president and the vice president. Whereas in the UK or other countries following parliamentary governing system, the prime minister is the one with supreme power and is the chairman of the general assembly along with Senate and various other houses. People for candidates competing for central government and local government. Later on, the central federal government is formed by the votes of the elected candidates as representatives of both local government and the central federal government.
A central federal government is responsible for law enforcement in the whole nation. Law enforcement agencies and institutes are responsible for making sure the situation is stable and are bound to report to the central government. The central government possesses all the powers. In the federal government system power is further divided into the local governments. The main responsibility of a central government is to make laws that ensure the national security, foreign diplomacy and policy, international affairs, economic decisions, defining a budget, regulating nation authorities and associations, regulating local governments, etc.
Types of Political Systems
Types of Democratic Central Governments
- Direct Democracy
- Representative Democracy
- Presidential Democracy
- Parliamentary Democracy
- Authoritarian Democracy
- Participatory Democracy
- Islamic Democracy
- Social Democracy
What is Local Government?
In a democratic government system, local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province. Local governments in the federal government system possess equal division of power and even in some country work unitarily, but they are under the supervision of the central government in general. Law enforcement at the state level is even in more detail and specified. Local governments regulate local authorities and institutes to ensure the commencement of law in a particular province or state.
A local government is responsible for establishing local state-level policies that include states security plan, state affairs, state security, etc. Local government is more into the implementation of laws and rules established by themselves and the central government of the country.
The local government of a state or province is controlled and supervised by the central government. All the budgets, policy and rules are defined and endorsed by the central federal government and establishment. Although local governments are specified to their work. Election procedure of the local government depends on the type of central government system validated in the country. In some cases, local body’s elections are conducted in the grass-root level and ranging from bottom to the top generating a complete hierarchy system defining the division of power. In rest of the cases, the local government members are directly elected by the general public of that particular state or province.
Types of Local Governments
- Provincial Assembly
- Legislature Assembly
- Local Service Districts
- Rural Communities
- Regional Municipalities