Difference Between Central Government and Local Government

Main Difference

The main difference between the central government and local government is that central government of a country represents the whole country internationally as is responsible for national security, foreign diplomacy and policy, international affairs, economic decisions, defining a budget, regulating nation authorities and associations, regulating local governments, etc. Whereas the local government is the state or provincial government and deals with internal affairs of the state, state’s security and budget.

Central Government vs. Local Government

The central government is the supreme power of the country and is responsible for law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. Local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province. The main responsibility of a central government is to make laws that ensure the national security, foreign diplomacy and policy, international affairs, economic decisions, defining a budget, regulating nation authorities and associations, regulating local governments, etc. Whereas the basic roles of the local government are the implementation of laws and policies developed by the central government and the local government itself in order to create a secure and prosper environment of a particular state.

Comparison Chart

Central GovernmentLocal Government
In a democratic government system, the central government is a type of governing body of a country that is responsible for the law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. It is the supreme power of the country.In a democratic government system, local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province.
Controlled By
Elected federal authoritiesControlled and supervised by the central government.
Election Procedure
Elected by conducting general public voting, electors, elected parliamentarians, etc.Directly election by the general public of that particular state or province.
Basic Roles
Make laws that ensure national security, foreign diplomacy, and policy.Implementation of laws and policies developed by the central government
Law Status
Responsible for making law and constitution of the whole country.Eligible to make the laws by passing bills to endorse them in their respective states.
Law Enforcement
Responsible for law enforcement in the whole nation.Law enforcement at the state level is even in more detail and is for particular province or state.
Policy
Responsible for establishing all the national and international level policies of a country.Responsible for establishing local state-level policies.
Powers
The central government possesses all the powers. In the federal government system power is further divided into the local governments.They work under the supervision of the central government in general.

What is the Central Government?

In a democratic government system, the central government is a type of governing body of a country that is responsible for the law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. It is the supreme power of the country. The central government of a nation is usually controlled by the elected federal authorities and various other authorities categorized as the establishment. The establishment is the elite authority class consisting of different policy-making wings that are responsible for the power and authority in a nation.

Election procedure of electing central government differs from region to region and country to country and depends on the system of government-endorsed. Generally, the Central government is elected by conducting general public voting, electors, elected parliamentarians, etc. based on different regions. In the US, as per endorsement of the presidential system, the central government is elected indirectly by the general public. The registered voters first cast votes for the candidates completing for electors in all the 50 states, then the elected electors further vote to choose the president and the vice president. Whereas in the UK or other countries following parliamentary governing system, the prime minister is the one with supreme power and is the chairman of the general assembly along with Senate and various other houses. People for candidates competing for central government and local government. Later on, the central federal government is formed by the votes of the elected candidates as representatives of both local government and the central federal government.

A central federal government is responsible for law enforcement in the whole nation. Law enforcement agencies and institutes are responsible for making sure the situation is stable and are bound to report to the central government. The central government possesses all the powers. In the federal government system power is further divided into the local governments. The main responsibility of a central government is to make laws that ensure the national security, foreign diplomacy and policy, international affairs, economic decisions, defining a budget, regulating nation authorities and associations, regulating local governments, etc.

Types of Political Systems

  • Dictatorship
  • Democracy
  • Republic
  • Communism
  • Monarchy

Types of Democratic Central Governments

  • Direct Democracy
  • Representative Democracy
  • Presidential Democracy
  • Parliamentary Democracy
  • Authoritarian Democracy
  • Participatory Democracy
  • Islamic Democracy
  • Social Democracy

What is Local Government?

In a democratic government system, local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province. Local governments in the federal government system possess equal division of power and even in some country work unitarily, but they are under the supervision of the central government in general. Law enforcement at the state level is even in more detail and specified. Local governments regulate local authorities and institutes to ensure the commencement of law in a particular province or state.

A local government is responsible for establishing local state-level policies that include states security plan, state affairs, state security, etc. Local government is more into the implementation of laws and rules established by themselves and the central government of the country.

The local government of a state or province is controlled and supervised by the central government. All the budgets, policy and rules are defined and endorsed by the central federal government and establishment. Although local governments are specified to their work. Election procedure of the local government depends on the type of central government system validated in the country. In some cases, local body’s elections are conducted in the grass-root level and ranging from bottom to the top generating a complete hierarchy system defining the division of power. In rest of the cases, the local government members are directly elected by the general public of that particular state or province.

Types of Local Governments

  • Provincial Assembly
  • Legislature Assembly
  • Local Service Districts
  • Rural Communities
  • Regional Municipalities
  • Municipalities

Key Differences

  1. The central government is the supreme power of the country and is responsible for law enforcement, international recognition and all the governing terms as a whole. Whereas the local government is a type of governing body of a country’s specific state or province that is responsible for the law enforcement, national representation and all the governing terms of that particular state or province.
  2. Central government deals with law enforcement in general, on the other hand, the local government deals with law enforcement at the grass-root level.
  3. The central government is more involved in making policies whereas, the local government is more on the verge of implementation of policies.
  4. Central government deals with foreign affairs, national security and economic plan of the country, on the flip side, the local government deals with internal affairs of the state, state’s security and budget.

Conclusion

From the above discussion, it is concluded that a central government represents a country internationally and deals with national affairs, international affairs, and economic policies. A local government represents a particular state or province of a country at the national level and is responsible for the implementation of the law in that particular state only.

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Aimie Carlson

Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson

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