Alkali vs. Base

Main Difference

The main difference between Alkali and Base is that Alkali is the type of base that can dissolve in water, whereas Base is a substance that can neutralize the acid.

Alkali vs. Base — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Alkali and Base

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali form ionic compounds, whereas base form both ionic and covalent compounds.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali contains group 1 metal oxides and hydroxides; on the other hand, bases contain oxide ions and hydroxide ions.

Alkali vs. Base

Word alkali is only for the alkaline metals; conversely, word base can be used for any compound that posses basic properties.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali compounds are soluble in the water; on the flip side, bases are insoluble.

Alkali vs. Base

All alkali compounds can be said as bases, while the base cannot be said as alkali.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali releases OH ions, although bases neutralize the acid.

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Alkali vs. Base

As compared to the alkali, the base has a higher capacity to accept the protons.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali doesn’t exhibit the property to release OH ions comparatively base does exhibit the property to release OH ions.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali releases hydrogen ions and produces hydroxide ions. However, the base has the ability to reduce hydrogen ion concentration.

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali never contains in a pure salt; on the other side, the base contains in the form of pure salt.

Alkalinoun

(chemistry) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, soda ash, caustic soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.

Basenoun

Something from which other things extend; a foundation.

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Alkalinoun

(Western United States) Soluble mineral matter, other than common salt, contained in soils of natural waters.

Basenoun

A supporting, lower or bottom component of a structure or object.

Alkalinoun

any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;

bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia

Basenoun

The starting point of a logical deduction or thought; basis.

Alkalinoun

a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture

Basenoun

A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.

Basenoun

The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.

Basenoun

A basic but essential component or ingredient.

Basenoun

A substance used as a mordant in dyeing.

Basenoun

(cosmetics) Foundation: a cosmetic cream to make the face appear uniform.

Basenoun

(chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.

Basenoun

Important areas in games and sports.

Basenoun

A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek.

Basenoun

(baseball) One of the three places that a runner can stand without being subject to being tagged out.

Basenoun

(architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.

Basenoun

A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.

Basenoun

(botany) The end of a leaf, petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.

Basenoun

(electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a bipolar transistor (BJT).

Basenoun

(geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.

Basenoun

(heraldry) The lowest third of a shield or escutcheon.

Basenoun

(heraldry) The lower part of the field. See escutcheon.

Basenoun

(mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.

The logarithm to base 2 of 8 is 3.

Basenoun

(mathematics) lang=en.

Basenoun

(topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.

Basenoun

(topology) A topological space, looked at in relation to one of its covering spaces, fibrations, or bundles.

Basenoun

In hand-to-hand balance, the person who supports the flyer; the person that remains in contact with the ground.

Basenoun

(linguistics) A morpheme (or morphemes) that serves as a basic foundation on which affixes can be attached.

Basenoun

(music) lang=en

Basenoun

The smallest kind of cannon.

Basenoun

(archaic) The housing of a horse.

Basenoun

A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armour) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.

Basenoun

(obsolete) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.

Basenoun

(obsolete) An apron.

Basenoun

A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.

Basenoun

The game of prisoners' bars.

Baseverb

(transitive) To give as its foundation or starting point; to lay the foundation of.

Baseverb

(transitive) To be located (at a particular place).

Baseverb

To act as a base; to be the person supporting the flyer.

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Low in height; short.

Baseadjective

Low in place or position.

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Of low value or degree.

Baseadjective

(archaic) Of low social standing or rank; vulgar, common.

Baseadjective

Morally reprehensible, immoral; cowardly.

Baseadjective

Inferior; unworthy, of poor quality.

Baseadjective

Designating those metals which are not classed as precious or noble.

Baseadjective

Alloyed with inferior metal; debased.

base coinbase bullion

Baseadjective

(obsolete) Of illegitimate birth; bastard.

Baseadjective

Not classical or correct.

base Latin

Baseadjective

obsolete form of bass

the base tone of a violin

Baseadjective

(legal) Not held by honourable service.

A base estate is one held by services not honourable, or held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant is a base tenant.

Basenoun

any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;

bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia

Basenoun

installation from which a military force initiates operations;

the attack wiped out our forward bases

Basenoun

lowest support of a structure;

it was built on a base of solid rockhe stood at the foot of the tower

Basenoun

place that runner must touch before scoring;

he scrambled to get back to the bag

Basenoun

(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;

10 is the radix of the decimal system

Basenoun

the bottom or lowest part;

the base of the mountain

Basenoun

(anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;

the base of the skull

Basenoun

a lower limit;

the government established a wage floor

Basenoun

the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;

the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture

Basenoun

a support or foundation;

the base of the lamp

Basenoun

the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;

the base of the triangle

Basenoun

the most important or necessary part of something;

the basis of this drink is orange juice

Basenoun

the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end

Basenoun

an intensely anti-western terrorist network that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist group; has cells in more than 50 countries

Basenoun

(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

thematic vowels are part of the stem

Basenoun

the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;

the industrial base of Japan

Basenoun

the principal ingredient of a mixture;

glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointmentshe told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of greeneverything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base

Basenoun

a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;

a tub should sit on its own base

Basenoun

(electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector

Baseverb

use as a basis for; found on;

base a claim on some observation

Baseverb

use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes

Baseverb

assign to a station

Baseadjective

serving as or forming a base;

the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats

Baseadjective

(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;

base coins of aluminuma base metal

Baseadjective

of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);

baseborn wretches with dirty facesof humble (or lowly) birth

Baseadjective

not adhering to ethical or moral principles;

base and unpatriotic motivesa base, degrading way of lifecheating is dishonorablethey considered colonialism immoralunethical practices in handling public funds

Baseadjective

having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;

that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabbletaking a mean advantagechok'd with ambition of the meaner sortsomething essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics

Baseadjective

illegitimate

Baseadjective

debased; not genuine;

an attempt to eliminate the base coinage

Comparison Chart

AlkaliBase
Term alkali is referred to as the metals of group 1 of the periodic table.Compounds possess OH ions that can donate to other compounds.
Nature
Dissolve in water.Do not dissolve in water.
Examples
Potassium hydroxide, Sodium hydroxide, Calcium hydroxide, etcZinc oxide, Copper oxide, Ferric oxide, Magnesium oxide, etc
Compounds Mainly
Hydroxides and carbonatesAny compound that can donate electrons
Function
Neutralize the compoundAccept protons

Alkali vs. Base

Alkali compounds release hydroxide ions and accept protons; on the other hand, the base is a substance use to neutralize the acids to form salt and water. All alkali compounds are the type of bases. However, all bases are not said to be alkali. Elements of group 1, carbonates, and hydroxides of the periodic table are categorized as alkali elements; on the other side, such compounds that show basic properties are classified as bases singular base. Alkali is ionic salts; on the flip side, the base is not necessarily ionic salts. Alkali does not have proper ionic salts, whereas base compounds are proper ionic salts.

Alkali compounds are always the carbonates compound and hydroxide compounds of alkali metal; on the contrary, the base can be any compound that possesses hydroxide ions and pairs of lone electrons that can share. Alkali compounds are always from the alkali metals of the periodic table, while the base can be any compound that shows basic properties.

Alkali compounds don’t give OH ions when reacting with water; on the other side, base compounds give OH ions when they react with water. Alkali neutralizes the acid while dissolved in water; on the other hand, the base doesn’t have the ability to neutralize the acid, and it can’t dissolve in water. Term alkali belongs to the ionic compounds or salts containing alkaline metal that accept hydrogen ion in the solution; on the other side, the termbase belongs to the compound that produced a solution of a low concentration of hydrogen ions rather than the pure water.

What is Alkali?

We commonly use the term alkali for the elements of the group one of the Mendeleev’s periodic table. The elements of the first group are called alkali metals. This group contains Hydrogen (H), Lithium (Li), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Rubidium (Rb), Cesium (Cs) and Francium (Fr) these all are the members of group 1 and known as alkali metals. The hydrogen element behaves somewhat differently from all other members of the group. Alkali compounds are soft in nature, shiny in appearance, and silvery color; these all are some specific properties of an alkali.

Alkali possesses a single electron on its outermost shell, which they happy to remove or donate to someone and make itself cations 1+. That’s why when the alkali metals are beginning to react with their electron in the outermost shell get excited and enters the ground state and start to emitting radiation of a visible range. Alkali metals are very reactive in nature because of this exciting emitting electron. However, the reactivity of alkali metals of group 1 of the periodic table gets increases from top to bottom.

The alkali forms ionic compounds having electronegative atoms that exhibit basic properties like the bitter taste, slippery touch, and ability to neutralize the acid. Alkali also different properties like they turn red litmus to blue. They are typically burning and corrosive compounds. Alkali is also known as the soluble salt that is obtained from the ashes of such plants that possess a high concentration of potassium and sodium carbonate. Caustic soda and caustic potash are the best examples of alkali.

What is Base?

The base is defined differently by many scientists. Arrhenius defined base as a substance that can donate hydroxide ions (OH) to the respective solution. Lowry Bronsted defined the base as a compound that can accept protons. Lewis also defined the base as an electron donor. According to the concept of Arrhenius base should have hydroxide ions to donate. Lowry Bronsted and Lewis said that those compounds could also act as a base that doesn’t possess hydroxide ions to donate.

As well as sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is said as a Lowry Bronsted base because it doesn’t possess any hydroxide ion, but it has the ability to accept protons. Properties of the base include they are slippery in texture with soap like feeling; they are bitter in taste; they can easily react with the aids and in results produce salt and water molecule, they can change the color of the indicator. Baking soda, lye, sodium bicarbonate is some best examples of the base.

Bases are categorized into two different groups according to their ability of dissociation and production of OH ions i.e., weak bases and strong e only a few bases. Sodium hydroxide, Potassium hydroxide, is known as strong bases that can completely ionize in the respective solution. Ammonia is said to be a weak base that can partially dissociate in the respective solution and produce only a few OH ions. Furthermore, Kb is the constant of base concentration used as a parameter to check the ability of loses OH ions to categorize the base.

Conclusion

It is concluded that alkali yield OH ions and base is a compound that donates non-bonding electrons.