Affect vs. Effect

Main Difference

The main difference between Affect and Effect is that the Affect is commonly known as a verb, which means "to influence," whereas Effect is typically used as a noun which says "as a result, consequently."

Affect vs. Effect — Is There a Difference?
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Difference Between Affect and Effect

Affect vs. Effect

The word affect acts more commonly as a verb and less often as a noun, whereas the word effect works as a noun, but sometimes it also acts as a verb.

Affect vs. Effect

The verb affect means "to influence" in contrast, the noun effect says "as a result, consequently."

Affect vs. Effect

The word affect is derived from the Latin verb 'afficere,' which means "to have an influence on or to do something to..." whereas the word effect originates from the Latin verb 'efficere,' which means "to make or to carry out."

Affect vs. Effect

The pronunciation of affect is [uh-fekt] with A-sound at the beginning. The effect is pronounced as [ih-fekt] with I-sound at the beginning.

Affect vs. Effect

The different words with having the word 'affect' as the root are affection, affectation, disaffected, and unaffected, while effect acts as a root word in the following words aftereffect, effectual, and effective.

Affectverb

(transitive) To influence or alter.

The experience affected me deeply.The heat of the sunlight affected the speed of the chemical reaction.
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Effectnoun

The result or outcome of a cause. See usage notes below.

The effect of the hurricane was a devastated landscape.

Affectverb

(transitive) To move to emotion.

He was deeply affected by the tragic ending of the play.

Effectnoun

Impression left on the mind; sensation produced.

Affectverb

(transitive) Of an illness or condition, to infect or harm (a part of the body).

Hepatitis affects the liver.

Effectnoun

Execution; performance; realization; operation.

Affectverb

To dispose or incline.

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Effectnoun

(uncountable) The state of being binding and enforceable, as in a rule, policy, or law.

The new law will come into effect on the first day of next year.

Affectverb

To tend to by affinity or disposition.

Effectnoun

(filmology) An illusion produced by technical means (as in "special effect")

The effect of flying was most convincing.

Affectverb

To assign; to appoint.

Effectnoun

(sound engineering) An alteration, or device for producing an alteration, in sound after it has been produced by an instrument.

I use an echo effect here to make the sound more mysterious.I just bought a couple of great effects.

Affectverb

(transitive) To make a show of; to put on a pretence of; to feign; to assume. To make a false display of.

to affect ignoranceHe managed to affect a smile despite feeling quite miserable.

Effectnoun

A scientific phenomenon, usually named after its discoverer.

Doppler effect

Affectverb

To aim for, to try to obtain.

Effectnoun

(usually plural) Belongings, usually as personal effects.

Affectverb

To feel affection for (someone); to like, be fond of.

Effectnoun

Consequence intended; purpose; meaning; general intent; with to.

Affectverb

To show a fondness for (something); to choose.

Effectnoun

(obsolete) Reality; actual meaning; fact, as distinguished from mere appearance.

Affectnoun

(obsolete) One's mood or inclination; mental state.

Effectnoun

(obsolete) Manifestation; expression; sign.

Affectnoun

(obsolete) A desire, an appetite.

Effectverb

To make or bring about; to implement.

The best way to effect change is to work with existing stakeholders.

Affectnoun

(psychology) A subjective feeling experienced in response to a thought or other stimulus; mood, emotion, especially as demonstrated in external physical signs.

Effectverb

misspelling of affect

Affectnoun

the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion

Effectnoun

a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon;

the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwisehis decision had depressing consequences for businesshe acted very wise after the event

Affectverb

have an effect upon;

Will the new rules affect me?

Effectnoun

an outward appearance;

he made a good impressionI wanted to create an impression of successshe retained that bold effect in her reproductions of the original painting

Affectverb

act physically on; have an effect upon

Effectnoun

(of a law) having legal validity;

the law is still in effect

Affectverb

connect closely and often incriminatingly;

This new ruling affects your business

Effectnoun

a symptom caused by an illness or a drug;

the effects of sleep lossthe effect of the anesthetic

Affectverb

make believe with the intent to deceive;

He feigned that he was illHe shammed a headache

Effectnoun

an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived);

he just did it for effect

Affectverb

have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;

This child impressed me as unusually matureThis behavior struck me as odd

Effectnoun

the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

Effectverb

produce;

The scientists set up a shockwave

Effectverb

act so as to bring into existence;

effect a change

Comparison Chart

AffectEffect
The verb affect means "to influence,"The noun effect means "as a result, consequently."
Parts of Speech
Mostly a verb, sometimes a nounChiefly a noun, sometimes a verb
Pronunciation
[uh-fekt][ih-fekt]
Origin
From the Latin verb 'afficere,' which means "to have an influence on or to do something to..."From the Latin verb 'efficere,' which means "to make or to carry out."
Word Derivatives
Affection, affectation, disaffected, and unaffectedAftereffect, effectual, and effective

Affect vs. Effect

The word affect is derived from the Latin verb ‘afficere,which means “to have an influence on or to do something to…” The word effect originates from the Latin verb ‘efficere’ which means “to make or to carry out.” Affect is commonly known as a verb. The effect is typically used as a noun. The verb affect means “to influence,” whereas the noun effect says “as a result, consequently.” The pronunciation of affect is [uh-fekt] with A-sound at the beginning. The effect is pronounced as [ih-fekt] with I-sound at the beginning.

Affect can also mean “to act in a way which you don’t really feel,” e.g., ‘John has affected an air of superiority.’ Effect conveys the meaning of “an outcome or result of something,” e.g., the effect of the medicine was positive. The different words with having the word ‘affect’ as the root are affection, affectation, disaffected, and unaffected. Effect acts as a root word in the following words aftereffect, effectual, and effective. The word affect acts more commonly as a verb and less often as a noun. The word effect works as a noun, but sometimes it also acts as a verb in formal situations.

What is Affect?

Affect is a verb or an action word. It means “to act on or to produce a change.” For example, “the cold weather affected the crops.” Another meaning of the verb affect is “to influence the mind or change the feelings,” e.g., “The slow melody affected his mood.” It is also used as a noun in a situation when referring to someone’s facial expressions, e.g., ‘The lady’s expressions had a neutral affect.’ Affect is rarely used as a noun in a psychological context to describe an emotion, e.g., “A gloomy affect can be a symptom of depression.”

There are some other words that are created by using the word affect as the root. Such as the word affection, which is a noun that means “kind of warm emotion,” e.g., “My mother has great affection for her grandchildren.” Another such word is disaffected, which is an adjective that means “discontented or rebellious.” The third root word with the word affect is “unaffected” (adjective), which conveys the meaning “not bothered or influenced,” e.g., the people seem unaffected by the traffic rules. The word affectionate, which means ‘kind or loving’ is also having the same root word affect.

Examples

  • The weather conditions are going to affect the residents of this area.
  • I am confused about why did the man take the news of her wife’s accident with little affect.
  • Corruption by a single employee can affect the credibility of all the workers.
  • Your suggestions will not affect my decision to become a photographer.
  • Smoking tobacco severely affects the lungs and the blood flow.

What is the Effect?

The effect is commonly used as a noun that means “as a result, consequently,” e.g. ‘Her sunburn was an effect of frequent sunbathing.’ The use of this word effect is also seen as a verb, but that use is less common, e.g., “She effected her test score by studying hard.” The noun effect is also used in the context of filming, pictures, and videos. It refers to “the light variations, sound, or scenery.” That are used in that film, video, or photo. It derives from a Latin word ‘efficere,‘ which means “to make or to carry out.” The phrase with the word effect is ‘effect change.’

Some of the words with having affect as a root word are given. They are aftereffect (noun) that means “something that follows a cause,” e.g. ‘The aftereffects of the flood were very severe.” Effective (adjective) means “successful,” e.g., “The spray was very effective to kill the insects.” The word effectual (adjective) means “able to give the desired effect.” The word efficiency (noun) and efficient (adjective) are related to the word effect, but they are not based on the root effect. However, they have similar etymology and meaning. Efficacy and efficacious are also related words with efficient.

Examples

  • This medicine has the side effect of blurred vision.
  • The lousy company is always having an adverse effect.
  • A sound and average of eight-hour sleep have a good effect on your day.
  • The media has a significant effect on public mindsets and opinions.
  • The movie was created by special effects.
Conclusion

Affect and Effect are the two different words that are having a similar meaning. Both terms are also idioms of each other. The difference is mainly based on their usage in different contexts.