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1099-A vs. 1099-C: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 18, 2023
1099-A reports acquired property; 1099-C reports canceled debt.

Key Differences

The 1099-A is a form issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that provides information about the acquisition of a secured property. It is typically issued by lenders to borrowers when a borrower abandons or forfeits property securing a loan without repaying it. On the other hand, the 1099-C is used to report the cancellation of debt. It signifies that a lender has decided not to collect a debt and is therefore forgiving or canceling it.
The 1099-A doesn't necessarily mean the borrower owes taxes on the abandoned property. It simply reports the event to the IRS. Conversely, the 1099-C indicates that the forgiven debt might be taxable income. The IRS considers canceled debt as income since the borrower received money that they are no longer obligated to repay.
It's crucial to understand that receiving a 1099-A doesn't always lead to a 1099-C. Just because a property is abandoned doesn't mean the associated debt is canceled. Sometimes, a borrower might receive both forms, especially if a property is abandoned and the related debt is later canceled.
While the 1099-A primarily focuses on providing details about the property, such as its fair market value and the loan amount, the 1099-C provides details about the canceled debt amount. Both forms serve different purposes and provide specific details to the IRS about distinct financial transactions.
The two forms, 1099-A and 1099-C, are essential for the IRS to track potential taxable events. While they are related in the context of loans and property, they signify different occurrences: the acquisition of a secured property and the cancellation of debt, respectively.

Comparison Chart


Reports acquisition of secured property
Reports cancellation of debt

Issued By



Doesn't necessarily mean tax is owed
Forgiven debt might be taxable income

Details Provided

Fair market value, loan amount
Canceled debt amount

Relation to Property/Debt

Concerns property abandonment
Concerns debt forgiveness

1099-A and 1099-C Definitions


1099-A does not imply the debt is canceled.
Even though I got a 1099-A, I was still waiting to see if the bank would cancel the debt.


1099-C is used for the IRS to monitor potential taxable events related to debt.
I consulted a tax professional to understand the implications of the 1099-C I received.


1099-A is essential for the IRS to track property-related transactions.
To ensure compliance with tax obligations, I reported the details from the 1099-A on my tax return.


1099-C is an IRS form reporting canceled debt.
The credit card company forgave my debt and sent me a 1099-C.


1099-A is used when borrowers abandon property securing a loan.
When she walked away from her property, she was issued a 1099-A.


1099-C provides details about the amount of the canceled debt.
The 1099-C showed the exact amount the bank decided not to collect from me.


1099-A details the fair market value of the property and the remaining loan amount.
The 1099-A showed the house's value and what I still owed on the mortgage.


1099-C can result in additional taxable income for the debtor.
When I filed my taxes, the amount from the 1099-C was added to my taxable income.


1099-A is an IRS form reporting acquired property.
After abandoning my house, the bank sent me a 1099-A form.


1099-C indicates that a lender has decided not to collect a debt.
After years of non-payment, I was surprised to receive a 1099-C in the mail.


Can I receive both 1099-A and 1099-C forms for the same property?

Yes, if you abandon a property (1099-A) and later have the debt canceled (1099-C), you might receive both.

Do I owe taxes if I receive a 1099-A?

Receiving a 1099-A doesn't automatically mean you owe taxes; it just reports the event.

What does the 1099-A form represent?

The 1099-A form reports the acquisition or abandonment of secured property.

Is the amount on the 1099-C considered income?

Yes, the IRS typically considers canceled debt reported on a 1099-C as taxable income.

What is the purpose of the 1099-C form?

The 1099-C form reports the cancellation of debt by a lender.

What does the 1099-C form specifically show?

The 1099-C shows the amount of debt that has been canceled by the lender.

Is it common to receive a 1099-C after a 1099-A?

It can happen, especially if a property is abandoned and the related debt is later canceled.

Will the 1099-C impact my credit score?

While the 1099-C reports canceled debt, it's the actual cancellation of debt by the lender that may impact your credit, not the form itself.

How should I handle a 1099-C for tax purposes?

Consult with a tax professional to understand the implications and proper reporting of a 1099-C.

Do I need to keep copies of the 1099-A and 1099-C forms?

Yes, it's essential to keep copies for your records and potential future reference.

Who issues the 1099-A and 1099-C forms?

Lenders typically issue both the 1099-A and 1099-C forms.

If I disagree with the details on the 1099-A or 1099-C, what should I do?

Contact the issuing lender to discuss and potentially correct any discrepancies.

Are there any exclusions to recognizing income from a 1099-C?

Yes, there are specific situations, like bankruptcy or insolvency, where you might not have to recognize the canceled debt as income.

If my debt is forgiven, which form will I receive?

You will receive a 1099-C if your debt is forgiven or canceled.

How do I report the details of a 1099-A on my tax return?

You should consult a tax professional to properly report the 1099-A details on your tax return.

What details are provided in the 1099-A form?

The 1099-A provides details like the property's fair market value and the remaining loan amount.

Does receiving a 1099-A mean my debt is forgiven?

No, the 1099-A reports property abandonment, not debt cancellation.

How do the 1099-A and 1099-C forms relate to property and debt?

The 1099-A concerns property abandonment, while the 1099-C concerns debt forgiveness.

Why would a lender issue a 1099-C?

Lenders issue a 1099-C when they decide not to pursue a debt and cancel it.

How do the IRS use the 1099-A and 1099-C forms?

The IRS uses these forms to track potential taxable events related to property and debt.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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